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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Permissible Securities Activities of Commercial Banks Under the Glass-Steagall Act (GSA) and the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA)
This report explains the extent to which commercial banks, their subsidiaries, and affiliates were able to engage in securities activities, including securities underwriting, dealing, and brokerage, under the authorities of the Glass-Steagall Act (GSA) and other pre-GLBA (Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act) banking laws, most notably the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (BHCA; 70 Stat. 133). It also discusses how the volume and scope of these securities activities expanded over time, and how the GLBA changed the GSA construct by facilitating affiliations among commercial banks and securities firms.. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503609/
The Persian Gulf and the U.S. Naval Presence: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9600/
Persian Gulf and the War Powers Debate: Issue Summary and Review of Events
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8428/
The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2002
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3107/
The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4936/
The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3108/
Persian Gulf Oil Trade: Numbers and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8424/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2004
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7089/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006
The U.S.-led war to overthrow Saddam Hussein virtually ended Iraq's ability to militarily threaten the region, but it has produced new and unanticipated security challenges for the Persian Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates). The Gulf states, which are all led by Sunni Muslim regimes, fear that Shiite Iran is unchecked now that Iraq is strategically weak. Most Gulf states, particularly Saudi Arabia, have provided only halting support to the fledgling government in Baghdad and revived the focus on U.S.-Gulf defense cooperation as existed in the 1990s. The Bush Administration advocates more rapid and sweeping political and economic liberalization as key to long-term Gulf stability and to reducing support in the Gulf states for terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10457/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8381/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9771/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9341/
The Persian Gulf States: Post-War Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4932/
Persian Gulf War: Defense-Policy Implications for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6963/
Persistant Organic Pollutants (POPs): Fact Sheet on Three International Agreements
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9217/
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Fact Sheet on Three International Agreements
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that do not break down easily in the environment, tend to accumulate as they move up the food chain, and may be harmful to people and wildlife. Between 1998 and 2001, the United States signed tow international treaties and one executive agreement to reduce the production and use of POPs and to regulate the trade and disposal of them. This report discusses these treaties in detail, as well as their ratification process and U.S. statutes that are inconsistent with these treaties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10661/
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Fact Sheet on Three International Agreements
The report briefly describes persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which are chemicals that do not break down easily in the environment, tend to accumulate as they move up the food chain, and may be harmful to people and wildlife. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94221/
Personal Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8258/
Personnel Management Flexibility for the Internal Revenue Service: P.L. 105-206
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs741/
Perspectives on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) "Torture Report" and Enhanced Interrogation Techniques: In Brief
This report provides a summary of views expressed by public officials, academics, and commentators voiced in a variety of sources regarding perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EITs) and torture, on EITs and values, and on EITs and effectiveness. It also provides background information about EITs and the release of the report "Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) Study of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA's) Detention and Interrogation (D&I) Program (SSCI Study)" as well as supplementary reports and responses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc503654/
Peru: 2006 Elections and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8850/
Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States
This report provides an overview of Peru's government and economy and a discussion of issues in relations between the United States and Peru. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc85425/
Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States
This report provides an overview of Peru's government and economy and a discussion of issues in relations between the United States and Peru. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462454/
Peru in Brief: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States
This report provides an overview of Peru's government and economy and a discussion of issues in relations between the United States and Peru. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc461897/
Peru: Recovery from Crisis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1901/
Peru: Recovery from Crisis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3317/
Pesticide Law: A Summary of the Statutes
This report summarizes the major statutory authorities governing pesticide regulation: the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), and Section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), as well as the major regulatory programs for pesticides. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87265/
Pesticide Law: A Summary of the Statutes
This report defines key terms, provides a brief history of the federal pesticide laws, and describes key provisions of the laws, including the pesticide registration process and how it interfaces with food safety requirements. In addition, this report lists several references for more detailed information about the acts, and two tables cross reference sections of the U.S. Code with corresponding sections of the acts. The report is descriptive rather than analytic, highlights key provisions rather than providing a comprehensive inventory of the acts' numerous sections, and addresses authorities and limitations imposed by statute, rather than the status of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implementation or other policy issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462522/
Pesticide Legislation: Food Quality Protection Act of 1996
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs282/
Pesticide Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs284/
Pesticide Registration and Tolerance Fees: An Overview
This report gives an overview of the collection of fees to support U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide program activities. Authority to collect fees in addition to appropriated funds has been provided over the years in part to accelerate the agency's review efforts and to fund its increasing statutory responsibilities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87277/
Pesticide Registration and Tolerance Fees: An Overview
This report provides a historical overview of federal authority regarding pesticide fees, including the amount of fee revenues collected over time, and summarizes the key elements of the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act (PRIA) and the revisions reflected in PRIA 2. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98053/
Pesticide Registration and Tolerance Fees: An Overview
This report gives an overview of the collection of fees to support U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide program activities. Authority to collect fees in addition to appropriated funds has been provided over the years in part to accelerate the agency's review efforts and to fund its increasing statutory responsibilities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc461911/
Pesticide Registration and Tolerance Fees: An Overview
This report provides a historical overview of federal authority regarding pesticide fees, including the amount of fee revenues collected over time, and summarizes the key elements of the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act (PRIA) and the revisions reflected in PRIA 2. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463376/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1385/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs838/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2121/
Pesticide Use and Water Quality : Are the Laws Complementary or in Conflict?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9205/
Pesticide Use and Water Quality: Are the Laws Complementary or in Conflict?
This report provides background on the conflict over interpretation and implementation of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Clean Water Act (CWA). A brief discussion of the two laws is followed by a review of the major litigation of interest. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332950/
Pesticide Use and Water Quality: Are the Laws Complementary or in Conflict?
This report provides background on the conflict over interpretation and implementation of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Clean Water Act. A brief discussion of the two laws is followed by a review of the major litigation of interest. EPA's efforts to clarify its policy in this area and the November 2006 rule and the 2009 federal court ruling are discussed, as well as possible options for EPA and Congress to further address the FIFRA-CWA issues. In June, EPA proposed a draft general CWA permit that it intends to finalize by April 2011 in response to the court ruling. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29658/
Pesticides Regulation: Current Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9179/
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future
This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87278/
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7271/
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future
This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. This report also seeks to describe the recent performance of the refining industry, to evaluate the structural changes that are occurring in the industry, and to analyze the nature and effects of the challenges confronting the industry. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463209/
Pfiesteria
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs470/
Pfiesteria
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs471/
Pharmacy Benefit Managers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1268/
Philippines: Briefing Paper
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs241/
Phosphorus Mitigation in the Everglades
This report discusses the FY2004 appropriations provisions that condition federal funding for Everglades restoration on compliance with water quality standards, provides a side-by-side analysis of pending appropriations legislation, and provides background and a timeline of efforts to address Everglades phosphorus pollution (from Summary). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7374/
Photo ID Requirements for Voting: Background and Legal Issues
Report concerning the controversy surrounding some states' requirements that voters provide photographic identification before casting a ballot. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227821/