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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP
Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8936/
Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP
Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8896/
CRS Issue Statement on Child Well-Being
The nation's future depends in large part on its children's ability to develop into contributing adult members of society. For that reason, and for what many would consider a society's moral responsibility to care for the young and vulnerable, Congress and the nation take an interest in promoting children's well-being. It can be argued that children are the nation's most valuable resource, constituting the next generation of workers, taxpayers, and parents. Their well-being and ability to develop into productive adults in an increasingly competitive global economy is influenced by a variety of factors, and public policies can affect these factors to varying degrees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83881/
Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Allocation Formula Provisions
Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to state and local educational agencies (SEAs, LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I grants are used to provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving children attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families. Services may be provided at pre-kindergarten through high school levels. Title I has been the anchor of the ESEA since it was first enacted in 1965, and is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1451/
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act
Title I, Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to local educational agencies (LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I-A grants provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other pupils attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families in pre-kindergarten through grade 12. Title I-A is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program, with services provided to (a) over 90% of all LEAs; (b) approximately 45,000 (58% of all) public schools; and (c) approximately 11 million (22% of all) pupils, including approximately 167,000 pupils attending private schools. Four-fifths of all pupils served are in pre-kindergarten through grade 6, while only 5% of pupils served are in grades 10-12. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6120/
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act
This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6559/
Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives
In November 1999, during the World Trade Organization (WTO) conference in Seattle, hundreds of protestors took to the street to protest a number of issues, including the international use of child labor, which has become increasingly important in discussions on international trade, human rights and international assistance. While awareness of the issue has increased, the ability to address the complex problem has been complicated by a number of related factors including rising poverty, surging HIV/AIDS infection rates, and a lack of relevant education. This report will outline the scope of the international child labor problem, explain the difficulties in eliminating it, describe U.S. and international child labor programs, and present some issues Congress may consider. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9080/
Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children
This report discusses programs that promote the financial and personal responsibility of noncustodial fathers to their children and increase the participation of fathers in the lives of their children. These programs have come to be known as "responsible fatherhood" programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227968/
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues
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Food and Agriculture Provisions in the FY1997 Supplemental Appropriations Act
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Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals
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Head Start: Background and Funding
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Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress
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Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress
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Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation
This report describes the federal programs that are targeted to assist those who are homeless; includes recent funding levels; discusses current issues, including homelessness after the economic downturn and federal efforts to end homelessness; and provides information on recent legislation. Among active legislation are bills to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which includes transitional housing for those who are homeless as a result of domestic violence and legislation that would, among other things, reauthorize the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86638/
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation
This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families, and discusses federal efforts to end homelessness. It also contains tables that outline funding levels for various related programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282282/
Impact on States of Revised Redistribution of Unspent FY2002 SCHIP Allotments
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Infant Formula: National Problems
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International Parental Child Abductions
International child custody disputes are likely to increase in frequency as the global society becomes more integrated and mobile. Since 1988, the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction ("Hague Convention" or "Convention") has been the principal mechanism for enforcing the return of abducted children to the United States. This report will discuss the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations. In addition, pending legislation, including H.R. 3240 and H.R. 3487, is discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31443/
Internet - Protecting Children from Unsuitable Material and Sexual Predators: Overview and Pending Legislation
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Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web
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Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web
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Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web
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Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web
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Juvenile Delinquents and Federal Criminal Law: The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act and Related Matters
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9296/
Juvenile Justice Act Reauthorization: The Current Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs569/
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3892/
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2236/
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2235/
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate
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Juveniles in the Adult Criminal Justice System: An Overview
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Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances
This report describes an issue that is the fastest-growing drug problem in the country -- the intentional use of prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. It is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States behind marijuana use. Several bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress that would create a legal framework governing disposal of controlled substances that have been dispensed to patients. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31336/
Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances
Prescription drug abuse is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States, trailing only marijuana use. Prescription drug abuse has become a particular concern amongst federal policymakers. This report discusses this issue, including related pieces of legislation such as the Controlled Substances Act, the Secure and Responsible Drug Disposal Act of 2010, and the proper way to dispose of controlled substances. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29570/
Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives
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The Link Between Medicaid and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Recent History and Current Issues
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The Link Between Medicaid and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Recent History and Current Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9984/
Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8941/
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7591/
Medicaid Eligibility for Adults and Children
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7299/
Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy
This report describes current federal policy with respect to medical child support. It also examines the potential impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. It provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in the CSE program and state data on the medical support coverage of children in the CSE program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc272041/
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting
This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29607/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3900/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3899/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3898/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3897/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3896/
Nonmarital Childbearing: Trends, Reasons, and Public Policy Interventions
This report analyzes the trends in nonmarital childbearing, discusses some of the characteristics of unwed mothers, addresses some issues involving the fathers of children born outside of marriage, covers many of the reasons for nonmarital childbearing, examines the impact of nonmarital births on families and on the nation, and presents the public policy interventions that have been used to prevent nonmarital births or ameliorate some of the negative financial consequences that are sometimes associated with nonmarital childbearing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26294/
Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9195/
Parental Notification and Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7986/
Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9174/