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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses some of the proposed legislation and other issues related to the U.S. export control system. In considering the future of the U.S. export control system, Congress may weigh the merits of a unified export control system—the end result of the President's proposal—or the continuation of the present bifurcated system by reauthorizing the present Export Administration Act (EAA) or writing new legislation. In doing so, Congress may debate the record of the present dual-use system maintained by emergency authority, the aims and effectiveness of the present non-proliferation control regimes, the maintenance of the defense industrial base, and the delicate balance between the maintenance of economic competitiveness and the preservation of national security.
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The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative

Date: May 18, 2012
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: The 112th Congress may consider reforms of the U.S. export control system. The balance between national security and export competitiveness has made the subject of export controls controversial for decades. The U.S. export control system is diffused among several different licensing and enforcement agencies. This report not only discussed the background of such issues, but also the differences between the Obama Administration and Congress' approaches to export legislation reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane & Williams, Brock R.
Description: Report that provides a general perspective on the U.S. Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) system. The first section discusses free trade zones worldwide. The second section focuses on the U.S. FTZ program --its history, administrative mechanism, structure, growth and industry concentration, and benefits and costs. The third section focuses on current issues for Congress relating to the U.S. FTZ program.
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U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: May 1, 2012
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Villarreal, M. A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal government agencies that participate in U.S. export promotion efforts and the issues that they raise for Congress. The recent global economic downturn has renewed congressional debate over the role of the federal government in promoting exports. This debate has been heightened with the Obama Administration's introduction of the National Export Initiative (NEI) in the 2010 State of the Union Address.
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U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: October 19, 2012
Creator: Williams, Brock R. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status, trends, and forecasts for U.S. import and export flows as well as certain trade balances. The purpose of this report is to provide current data and brief explanations for the various types of trade flows, along with a brief discussion of trends that help inform the discussion of the various policy issues mentioned above.
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U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: January 25, 2012
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
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U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report examines the potential implications of a prospective Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) on the U.S. textile manufacturing industry. The TFP is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) currently under negotiation among 11 Pacific Rim countries.
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U.S. Trade and Investment in the Middle East and North Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

U.S. Trade and Investment in the Middle East and North Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: January 20, 2012
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.; Bolle, Mary Jane & Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report provides background and analysis for policymakers considering re-evaluating U.S. trade and investment in the MENA region in light of recent political developments. In particular, the report examines the economic challenges facing many countries in the region and the area's limited integration in the world economy, including relatively weak economic ties with the United States. It also analyzes various policy options for increasing trade and investment with MENA countries. The report concludes by discussing: 1) the premise of the policy agenda, specifically whether increased trade and investment can support or lead to successful democratic transitions and political stability; and 2) if such a policy agenda is pursued, possible implementation questions that policymakers in Congress and the Administration may face.
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U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

Date: November 14, 2012
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: Report that examines African economic trends and U.S. trade and investment flows with SSA. It discusses the provisions of AGOA and the changes that have occurred since its enactment. It concludes with a brief discussion of issues for Congress.
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U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report looks at the pros and cons of recent legislation brought up in the 112th Congress, including the renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and how it will affect trade between the U.S. and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department