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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Vincent, Carol H.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. This report discusses several key issues of congressional and administrative interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Corps estimates that this entire package of recommended activities would cost a total of $1,996 million. Included in this package are recommendations for immediate authorization ($1,123 million), further authorized investigation ($145 million), and projects that could be authorized in the future ($728 million). This CRS short report is limited to a summary of this Corps report and the next steps in implementation.
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The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues

Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been ratified by 167 nations, including the United States. It regulates the international trade in animals and plants that may be threatened by trade.
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Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The agencies that implement the Endangered Species Act (ESA) regard the designation of critical habitat (CH) as providing only very limited benefits beyond those achieved through the listing of species and the avoidance of jeopardy to them. Several courts have now held that the relevant regulation and interpretation that result in this conclusion are erroneous and do not carry out the intent of Congress.
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The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
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The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

The Endangered Species Act: A Primer

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela; Buck, Eugene H & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 receives significant congressional attention. The associated power and reach of its comprehensive protection for species identified as endangered or threatened with extinction has ignited concern that there be appropriate bounds on this power. The following discussion provides an overview and background on the various features of the ESA that contribute to its stature and yet spark an ongoing debate over its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Mineral Issues in the FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Bill

Energy and Mineral Issues in the FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Bill

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: Several resource issues that are designed to generate revenue for the federal Treasury have been proposed for the FY2006 budget reconciliation bill. The most controversial of these provisions recommended by the House Resources Committee and Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee would open part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for oil and gas development. The House panel also approved a provision that would allow coastal states to “opt out” of the current offshore oil and gas development moratoria, increase fees for hardrock mining and patents, dispose of certain federal lands, and begin an oil shale and tar sands leasing program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Mineral Issues in the FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Bill

Energy and Mineral Issues in the FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Bill

Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: Several resource issues that are designed to generate revenue for the federal Treasury have been proposed for the FY2006 budget reconciliation bill. The most controversial of these provisions recommended by the House Resources Committee and Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee would open part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for oil and gas development. The House panel also approved a provision that would allow coastal states to “opt out” of the current offshore oil and gas development moratoria, increase fees for hardrock mining and patents, dispose of certain federal lands, and begin an oil shale and tar sands leasing program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Forest Fire/Wildfire Protection

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
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Forestry in the Farm Bill

Forestry in the Farm Bill

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
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Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation

Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation

Date: October 19, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim & Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report examines the Secretary of Agriculture's authority to transfer funds from the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for emergency control programs. The Secretary’s use of this authority has increased in recent years, and has become an issue within government concerning the method for funding plant and animal health programs.
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Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Date: February 8, 2005
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This report briefly discusses charging fees for grazing private livestock on federal lands, which is a long-standing but contentious practice. Generally, livestock producers who use federal lands want to keep fees low, while conservation groups and others believe fees should be raised to approximate "fair market value."
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Grazing Regulations: Changes by the Bureau of Land Management

Grazing Regulations: Changes by the Bureau of Land Management

Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: This report discusses the two-pronged approach to grazing reform the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is taking by proposing changes to grazing regulations and considering other changes to grazing policies. BLM asserts that regulatory changes are needed to increase flexibility for grazing managers and permittees, to improve rangeland management and grazing permit administration, to promote conservation, and to comply with court decisions.
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Green Payments in U.S. and European Union Agricultural Policy

Green Payments in U.S. and European Union Agricultural Policy

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E. & Zinn, Jeffrey A.
Description: This report compares current United States and European Union (EU) efforts in the area of green payments. Green payments refer to "payments made to agricultural producers as compensation for environmental benefits that accrue at levels beyond what producers might otherwise achieve under existing market and regulatory conditions" (summary). The report gives an overview of policies, programs, financing, and various other aspects of comparison related to the topic.
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Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
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Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Hurricane Katrina and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey
Description: This report introduces the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration program, and discusses whether it might have muted the impacts of hurricanes of the magnitude and paths of Katrina or Rita and whether the devastation caused by both hurricanes might cause the Corps to consider different restoration options.
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The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mining on Federal Lands

Mining on Federal Lands

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses the General Mining Law of 1872, which is the law that grants free access to individuals and corporations to prospect for minerals in public domain lands, and allows them, upon making a discovery, to stake (or “locate”) a claim on that deposit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Plant-Based Pharmaceuticals

Regulation of Plant-Based Pharmaceuticals

Date: March 8, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
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Softwood Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Softwood Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: June 6, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute over softwood lumber imports from Canada, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses current issues and events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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