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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses three major vehicle technologies — electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles — as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance. The report also discusses key legislation in the 108th Congress, as well as federal, state, and local activity relevant to these technologies. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues

Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides background on the linkage between U.S. agriculture and the UMR-IWW navigation system. In addition, it explores several of the key issues and uncertainties behind evolving trade patterns and projections for future agricultural freight traffic on the UMR-IWW navigation system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: February 17, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: This issue brief discusses the increasing attention being paid to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles, the proponents of which point to their potential to improve urban air quality, decrease dependence on foreign oil, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The brief also discusses the major barriers currently preventing widespread use of such technologies, and discusses these technologies in the particular contexts of the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes and the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program

Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: The report discusses the issues regarding the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135), which contains provisions to arm pilots of passenger aircraft and gives deputized pilots the authority to use force, including lethal force, to defend the flight deck against criminal and terrorist threats. The report includes the legislative Background, implementation issues, equipment, training, operational procedures and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Security: Issues Before Congress Since September 11, 2001

Aviation Security: Issues Before Congress Since September 11, 2001

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: The events of September 11, 2001 heightened concerns regarding aviation security in the United States. The ensuing debate in Congress focused on the degree of federal involvement needed to improve aviation security and restore public confidence in air travel. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA, P.L. 107-71, 115 Stat. 597) established the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and contained provisions establishing a federal screener workforce and requiring screening of checked baggage using explosive detection systems. In November 2004, airports will be eligible to opt out of the federal security screening program and a provision of P.L. 107-296 preserving TSA in its present form will expire allowing DHS to restructure the TSA if it so chooses, although no such plan has been revealed to date. During the second session of the 108th Congress, oversight of TSA’s plans for implementing the security screening opt-out program will likely be of considerable interest as will any plans to restructure the TSA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Date: October 13, 2004
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: In response to the 9/11 Commission’s aviation security-related recommendations, two bills — H.R. 5121 and H.R. 10 — introduced in the House contain several provisions to enhance aviation security. Additionally, floor amendments to S. 2845, the National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004, contain numerous aviation security provisions, many of which address 9/11 Commission recommendations related to aviation safety. S. 2845 was passed (96-2) by the Senate on October 6, 2004. The House passed H.R. 10 on October 8 by a vote of 282-134. A conference has been requested to resolve numerous differences between H.R. 10 and S. 2845.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission

Date: August 24, 2004
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: The 9/11 Commission issued several recommendations designed to strengthen aviation security by: enhancing passenger pre-screening; improving measures to detect explosives on passengers; addressing human factors issues at screening checkpoints; expediting deployment of in-line baggage screening systems; intensifying efforts to identify, track, and screen potentially dangerous cargo; and deploying hardened cargo containers on passenger aircraft. In addition to these specific recommendations, an overarching recommendation for transportation security policy asserts that priorities should be set based on risk, and the most practical and cost effective deterrents should be implemented assigning appropriate roles and missions to federal, state, and local authorities, as well as private stakeholders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005

Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: This report is a guide to a subset of one of the 13 regular appropriation bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Homeland Security; and to supplement the information provided in the CRS Department of Homeland Security Appropriations report. This report summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, major issues, funding levels, and legislative activity related to border and transportation security and will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border and Transportation Security: Overview of Congressional Issues

Border and Transportation Security: Overview of Congressional Issues

Date: December 17, 2004
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E
Description: This report provides a summary of selected border and transportation security (BTS) concepts and issues that may be of interest to the 109th Congress. It is the product of contributions from CRS staff in the table contained later in this report labeled Key Policy Staff: Border and Transportation Security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues

Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues

Date: December 1, 2004
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues

Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Date: January 12, 2004
Creator: Carter, Nicole T & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: April 21, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: September 9, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: February 26, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses significant legislative provisions in the two principal bills that are likely to be the subject of congressional discussion in the coming weeks and months to reauthorize federal highway, highway safety, and transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Feickert, Andrew & Elias, Bartholomew
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interstate Travel: Constitutional Challenges to the Identification Requirement and Other Transportation Security Regulations

Interstate Travel: Constitutional Challenges to the Identification Requirement and Other Transportation Security Regulations

Date: November 4, 2004
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interstate Travel: Constitutional Challenges to the Identification Requirement and Other Transportation Security Regulations

Interstate Travel: Constitutional Challenges to the Identification Requirement and Other Transportation Security Regulations

Date: December 21, 2004
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: the Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Implementation: the Future of Commercial Trucking Across the Mexican Border

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Kirk, Robert S & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: October 12, 2004
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipeline Security: An Overview of Federal Activities and Current Policy Issues

Pipeline Security: An Overview of Federal Activities and Current Policy Issues

Date: February 5, 2004
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress

Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Frittelli, John F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Port and Maritime Security: Potential for Terrorist Nuclear Attack Using Oil Tankers

Port and Maritime Security: Potential for Terrorist Nuclear Attack Using Oil Tankers

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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