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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: October 29, 2004
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: In the second session, Congress continues to confront an array of issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the U.S. Forest Service (FS). The Administration continues to address public lands and national forests through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of ongoing congressional and administrative interest are covered in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana: Attempting to Restore an Ecosystem

Coastal Louisiana: Attempting to Restore an Ecosystem

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Congress continues to consider legislative options to address wetlands loss in coastal Louisiana. Some legislative proposals would dedicate some federal revenues from offshore oil and gas development to restoration efforts. Other proposals would authorize specific restoration projects or activities, or further examination of the causes and effects of loss. These projects are neutralizing conditions that lead to loss at some sites, and are reestablishing some wetlands. These projects are expected to have many ecological, economic, and social benefits. A July 2004 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers report, a draft ecosystem restoration study, identifies more than 150 possible remedies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Date: August 26, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Buck, Eugene H & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses issues debated in the 108th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Date: October 26, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Buck, Eugene H & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses issues debated in the 108th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Endangered Species: Difficult Choices

Date: June 14, 2004
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Corn, M. L. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses various measures being considered by Congress that propose to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have focused on whether to incorporate further protection for property owners and reduce regulatory impacts, whether to increase the protection afforded listed species, or whether to modify various aspects of the ESA, such as the role of science in decision-making.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Date: May 21, 2004
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol; Corn, M. Lynne; Gorte, Ross W; Johnson, Sandra L; Whiteman, David & Calvert, Kori
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This report provides an overview of how federal lands and resources are managed, the agencies that manage the lands, the authorities under which these lands are managed, and some of the issues associated with federal land management. The report is divided into nine sections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forestry Assistance Programs

Forestry Assistance Programs

Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report describes the current forestry assistance programs funded through the State and Private Forestry (S&PF) branch of the Forest Service. Following a brief overview, the report presents basic information on the programs to assist forestry practices, forest protection, and rural economies — purposes of the programs, types of activities funded, eligibility requirements, and authorized program duration and funding level, with recent program appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Mercury in the Environment: Sources and Health Risks

Date: June 3, 2004
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil and Gas Exploration and Development on Public Lands

Oil and Gas Exploration and Development on Public Lands

Date: March 26, 2004
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act: Proposal for the Management and Protection of Fossil Resources Located on Federal Lands

Paleontological Resources Preservation Act: Proposal for the Management and Protection of Fossil Resources Located on Federal Lands

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Phosphorus Mitigation in the Everglades

Phosphorus Mitigation in the Everglades

Date: January 13, 2004
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Johnson, Barbara
Description: This report discusses the FY2004 appropriations provisions that condition federal funding for Everglades restoration on compliance with water quality standards, provides a side-by-side analysis of pending appropriations legislation, and provides background and a timeline of efforts to address Everglades phosphorus pollution (from Summary).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: August 27, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: July 16, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: September 16, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildfire Protection in the 108th Congress

Wildfire Protection in the 108th Congress

Date: November 19, 2004
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: The 2000 and 2002 fire seasons were, by most standards, among the worst in the past 50 years. Many argue that the threat of severe wildfires has grown in recent years because of unnaturally high fuel loads (e.g., dense undergrowth and dead trees), raising concerns about damage to property and homes in the wildland-urban interface (WUI) — forests near or surrounding homes. Debates about fire control and protection, including funding and fuel treatments (e.g., thinning and prescribed burning), have focused on national forests and other federal lands, but nonfederal lands are also at risk.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department