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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Age Dependency Ratios and Social Security Solvency

Age Dependency Ratios and Social Security Solvency

Date: October 27, 2006
Creator: Shrestha, Laura B.
Description: As highlighted by the Social Security Administration (SSA), the aging of the (United States) population, hastened by the impending retirement of the huge baby-boom generation, has caused policy-makers to question whether the U.S. Social Security system can meet the demands for retirement benefits in the future. Because the current system largely pays benefits through taxes paid by current workers, the financial health of the system is sensitive to the ratio of dependents to workers—sometimes called the age dependency ratio or support ratio. Trends and projections of dependency ratios, including the relationship between both older (years 65 and older) and younger (under age 20) dependents to the working-age population in the United States are considered in the first section of this demographic report. Next, the United States is compared to nine other nations, including the seven other members of the G8. In the final section, policy implications of the changing dependent-to-worker ratios are considered in the context of pay-as-you-go (paygo) social security systems.
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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources During a Pandemic

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources During a Pandemic

Date: August 18, 2008
Creator: Lee Jones, Nancy
Description: This report examines selected proposed priorities in light of the nondiscrimination provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
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Brief Facts and Statistics

Brief Facts and Statistics

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report provides facts and statistics about Social Security that are frequently requested by Members of Congress and their staffs. It includes information about Social Security taxes and benefits, the program's impact on its recipients' incomes, federal tax receipts, federal spending and the economy, administrative information, and selected facts about Medicare.
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Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: January 22, 2008
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care (including legislation introduced in the 110th Congress), as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
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Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: February 1, 2007
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care, as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
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Disability Evaluation of Military Servicemembers

Disability Evaluation of Military Servicemembers

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Scott, Christine; Panangala, Sidath V.; Henning, Charles A. & Szymendera, Scott
Description: This report is intended as a primer to describe disability evaluation in general, including evaluations used by the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), in addition to civilian evaluations used by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and by workers' compensation programs. It also describes the DOD and VA disability rating processes in greater detail as well as recent congressional and executive actions and recommendations regarding DOD and VA disability evaluations.
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Disability Evaluation of Military Servicemembers

Disability Evaluation of Military Servicemembers

Date: October 21, 2008
Creator: Scott, Christine; Panangala, Sidath V. & Henning, Charles A.
Description: This report is intended as a primer to describe disability evaluation in general, including evaluations used by the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), in addition to civilian evaluations used by the Social Security Administration (SSA) and by workers' compensation programs.
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Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Date: January 8, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: Under the terms of the Federal Employees' Pay Comparability Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-509), pay for civilian federal employees is adjusted each year to keep the salaries of federal workers competitive with comparable occupations in the private sector. The annual increases in federal employee pay are based on changes in the cash compensation paid to workers in the private sector, as measured by the ECI. Under certain circumstances, the President may limit the annual increase in federal pay by executive order. Federal law also requires Social Security benefits and the pensions paid to retired federal employees to be adjusted each year. The COLAs for both Social Security and civil service pensions are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the CPI.
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 19, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: April 28, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much is Attributable to Social Security?

The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much is Attributable to Social Security?

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
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The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much Is Attributable to Social Security?

The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much Is Attributable to Social Security?

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses social security in the context of the federal budget. One rationale given for Social Security reform is the large long-term fiscal shortfall that Social Security is projected to face.
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How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

How Would Medicare Part B Premiums Be Affected If There Is No Social Security COLA?

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Romig, Kathleen & Hahn, Jim
Description: This report outlines how Medicare Part B premiums and Social Security cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) are calculated, and how the COLA affects Part B premiums. The report also examines a scenario in which Medicare Part B premiums rise but Social Security benefits do not.
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Hurricane Katrina: Activities of the Social Security Administration

Hurricane Katrina: Activities of the Social Security Administration

Date: September 9, 2005
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: This report outlines legislative procedures and also discuss Social Security Administration (SSA) procedures after September 11, 2001, to facilitate new disability, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) SSI, survivors, and death benefit applications.
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The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Shelton, Alison M.
Description: This report shows how the deduction of Medicare Part B and Part D premiums affects Social Security beneficiaries.
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The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: This report shows how the deduction of Medicare Part B and Part D premiums affects Social Security beneficiaries. It describes how increases in Social Security benefits and Medicare premiums are calculated under current law and explains the circumstances under which Social Security beneficiaries are held harmless for increases in the standard Part B premium, as well as the premium assistance available to low-income beneficiaries.
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Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2007

Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2007

Date: October 3, 2008
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the income and poverty status of the 36.8 million Americans age 65 and older who were living in households in 2007. The report also describes how the proportion of total income received from each source differs between high-income individuals and households and low-income individuals and households.
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Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2008

Income and Poverty Among Older Americans in 2008

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the sources and amounts of income received by the 37.8 million Americans aged 65 and older who lived in non-institutional settings in 2008. The report also describes how the proportion of total income received from each source differs between high-income individuals and households and low-income individuals and households.
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Individual Accounts: What Rate of Return Would They Earn?

Individual Accounts: What Rate of Return Would They Earn?

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W & Labonte, Marc
Description: None
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Investing Social Security Funds in the Stock Market: Some Economic Considerations

Investing Social Security Funds in the Stock Market: Some Economic Considerations

Date: April 12, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
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Major Decisions in the House and Senate on Social Security: 1935-2000

Major Decisions in the House and Senate on Social Security: 1935-2000

Date: March 26, 2001
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: None
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Mexican Workers in the United States: A Comparison with Workers from Social Security Totalization Countries

Mexican Workers in the United States: A Comparison with Workers from Social Security Totalization Countries

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Siskin, Alison & Mayer, Gerald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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