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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2007-2009 Recession: Similarities to and Differences from the Past

The 2007-2009 Recession: Similarities to and Differences from the Past

Date: October 6, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: According to the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), the U.S. economy was in a recession for 18 months from December 2007 to June 2009. It was the longest and deepest recession of the post-World War II era. This report provides information on the patterns found across past recessions since World War II to gauge whether and how this recession might be different.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: July 26, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report covers ways in which states are attempting to capture taxes on Internet sales. Two basic approaches include imposing tax collection responsibilities on the retailer, and requiring remote sellers to provide tax information to the state and/or it's customers. This report covers the legality of both options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report focuses on the ways in which the states' efforts to impose requirements on out-of-state retailers are limited by the Constitution. The report discusses recent state legislation as well as legislation introduced in the two most recent Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomass Feedstocks for Biopower: Background and Selected Issues

Biomass Feedstocks for Biopower: Background and Selected Issues

Date: October 6, 2010
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: The production of bioenergy - renewable energy derived from biomass - could potentially increase national energy security, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and contribute to rural economic growth. This report provides analyses of commonly discussed biomass feedstocks and their relative potential for power generation. Additional biopower issues - feedstock accessibility, the biomass power plant carbon-neutrality debate, and unintended consequences of legislative activities to promote bioenergy - are also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Keightley Mark P.
Description: Report that provides a general overview of the tax treatment of the major business types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, C corporations, subchapter S corporations, and limited liability companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Challenge to the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly in Civil Aircraft: Issues for Competitiveness

Challenge to the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly in Civil Aircraft: Issues for Competitiveness

Date: July 25, 2011
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J.
Description: This report covers a major issue for policymakers: whether the United States can sustain its preeminent position in aerospace, given the intentions of numerous foreign manufacturers to enter the small commercial jet aircraft segment by 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Steel Industry and Its Impact on the United States: Issues for Congress

China's Steel Industry and Its Impact on the United States: Issues for Congress

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides an overview of China's steel industry and discusses the issues and implications with regard to the U.S. steel sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: The U.S. economy has grown increasingly interconnected with other economies around the world, a phenomenon often referred to as globalization. Over the past 20 years, multinational corporations and nations have adopted voluntary, legally enforceable, and industry-specific codes of conduct to address concerns over the economic, social, and political impact of this phenomenon. Congress will continue to play a pivotal role in addressing the large number of issues regarding internationally applied corporate codes of conduct that remain to be negotiated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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