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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2002
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Date: May 10, 2002
Creator: Cronin, Richard P.
Description: This report provides information on and analysis of the current situation in Afghanistan, taking into consideration the country’s essential characteristics and political developments since about the time of the overthrow of the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah, in 1973, and sketches out four possible scenarios for Afghanistan’s future. Finally, the report identifies and analyzes factors that will influence Afghanistan’s political future, and discusses three policy areas in particular in which actions by the United States could be crucial to the achievement of the U.S. goal of a peaceful, stable, democratic, and terrorist-free Afghanistan. An appendix contains key documents relating to the December 2001 Bonn Agreement, which is the framework for current efforts to create a stable and democratic Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Cronin, Richard P.
Description: This report provides information on and analysis of the current situation in Afghanistan, taking into consideration the country’s essential characteristics and political developments since about the time of the overthrow of the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah, in 1973, and sketches out four possible scenarios for Afghanistan’s future. Finally, the report identifies and analyzes factors that will influence Afghanistan’s political future, and discusses three policy areas in particular in which actions by the United States could be crucial to the achievement of the U.S. goal of a peaceful, stable, democratic, and terrorist-free Afghanistan. An appendix contains key documents relating to the December 2001 Bonn Agreement, which is the framework for current efforts to create a stable and democratic Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Date: April 24, 2002
Creator: Cronin, Richard P.
Description: This report provides information on and analysis of the current situation in Afghanistan, taking into consideration the country’s essential characteristics and political developments since about the time of the overthrow of the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah, in 1973, and sketches out four possible scenarios for Afghanistan’s future. Finally, the report identifies and analyzes factors that will influence Afghanistan’s political future, and discusses three policy areas in particular in which actions by the United States could be crucial to the achievement of the U.S. goal of a peaceful, stable, democratic, and terrorist-free Afghanistan. An appendix contains key documents relating to the December 2001 Bonn Agreement, which is the framework for current efforts to create a stable and democratic Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: August 23, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: September 13, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Date: April 8, 2002
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Once hostilities end in Afghanistan and the Afghan phase of the war on terrorism starts to wind down, reconstruction efforts will begin in earnest. International attention will likely turn to Afghanistan’s short- and medium-term future, raising questions between the United States and its allies about division of labor, burdensharing, and exit strategies. It is anticipated that Congress will examine reconstruction efforts underway, aid priorities, long-term reconstruction proposals, and the implementation role to be played by the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Date: September 20, 2002
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Although hostilities in Afghanistan have not yet ended and the war on terrorism in Afghanistan continues, relief and reconstruction efforts to assist the people of Afghanistan are well underway. International attention has mostly focused on Afghanistan’s short- and medium-term future. While questions continue between the United States and its allies about division of labor, burdensharing, and exit strategies, Congress continues to examine the assistance progress, aid priorities, long-term reconstruction proposals, and the implementation role to be played by the United States. Furthermore, Congress considers the FY2003 funding for Afghanistan inadequate and is calling for significantly higher appropriations. A brief overview of the current situation provides a snapshot of the progress to date and the many challenges that lie ahead.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Afghanistan's Path to Reconstruction: Obstacles, Challenges, and Issues for Congress

Date: May 17, 2002
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Once hostilities end in Afghanistan and the Afghan phase of the war on terrorism starts to wind down, reconstruction efforts will begin in earnest. International attention will likely turn to Afghanistan’s short- and medium-term future, raising questions between the United States and its allies about division of labor, burdensharing, and exit strategies. It is anticipated that Congress will examine reconstruction efforts underway, aid priorities, long-term reconstruction proposals, and the implementation role to be played by the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Political Upheaval

Argentina's Political Upheaval

Date: January 25, 2002
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report examines Argentina’s political upheaval in the early 2000s; the outlook for the Duhalde government (President Eduardo Duhalde being sworn in on December 2003); and related implications for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civics Programs in Washington, D.C.

Civics Programs in Washington, D.C.

Date: July 25, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: A number of programs in Washington, D.C., explain the workings of the national government to a diverse range of Americans, from middle school students to senior citizens. This report highlights six of the most popular programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civics Programs in Washington, D.C.

Civics Programs in Washington, D.C.

Date: April 8, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: A number of programs in Washington, D.C., explain the workings of the national government to a diverse range of Americans, from middle school students to senior citizens. This report highlights six of the most popular programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: The Uribe Administration and Congressional Concerns

Colombia: The Uribe Administration and Congressional Concerns

Date: June 14, 2002
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: On August 7, 2002, President-elect, Alvaro Uribe Velez, age 49, is scheduled to take office amid an intensifying conflict. Uribe’s election has been widely attributed to his law-and-order campaign promises to pursue the guerrillas vigorously by increasing Colombia’s military budget, doubling the size of the military to 100,000, and creating a one-million man civilian militia to aid the Colombian military, as well as to the worsening security situation in Colombia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: March 19, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: August 8, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: September 18, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: December 6, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: December 20, 2002
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Role in Technology Development

The Federal Role in Technology Development

Date: July 30, 2002
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The federal government has traditionally played a role in fostering technological progress. This has involved both direct federal research and development (R&D) funding and indirect measures that create incentives for increased private sector investments in innovation. However, this mix of initiatives was challenged since the 104th Congress. While support for all on-going efforts continues, some programs have been funded at reduced levels. However, since FY2001, appropriations appear to have reversed this trend.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Date: July 18, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: Interest groups, including those who actively lobby, continue to play a role in the American legislative process. After years of congressional efforts to improve disclosure of interest groups, the Lobbying Disclosure Act (LDA) of 1995 (P.L. 104-65) and the Lobbying Disclosure Technical Amendments Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-166) were signed into law on December 19, 1995, and April 6, 1998, respectively. Both laws seek greater disclosure of interest groups’ activities and more accuracy in reporting their spending. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report provides a list of directories and online services that offer background on the interest groups and lobbyists who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: May 24, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Date: March 22, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Date: August 16, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Date: December 10, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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