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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy & Greene, Joel L.
Description: This report covers the dispute between the U.S with its neighbors, Canada and Mexico, who say that the recent country-of-origin labeling (COOL) system implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is unfair and does not meet its original objectives. This dispute was brought before the WTO dispute panel and found to be valid. The report ends with a discussion of options for the U.S. in regards to modifying COOL to follow WTO rulings.
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Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2014 Appropriations

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2014 Appropriations

Date: January 7, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill that provides funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
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Federal Health Centers

Federal Health Centers

Date: December 24, 2013
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal health center program including its statutory authority, program requirements, and appropriation levels. The report then describes health centers in general, where they are located, their patient population, and some outcomes associated with health center use. It also describes some federal programs available to assist health center operations including the FQHC designation for Medicare and Medicaid payments. The report concludes with a brief discussion of issues for Congress such as the potential effect of the ACA on health centers, the health center workforce, and financial considerations for health centers in the context of changing federal and state budgets.
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Generalized System of Preferences: Agricultural Imports

Generalized System of Preferences: Agricultural Imports

Date: January 10, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), which provides duty-free tariff treatment for certain products from designated developing countries. Opinion within the U.S. agriculture industry is mixed, reflecting both support for and opposition to the current program. The 111th Congress did not extend the GSP in 2010, and it was set to expire December 31, 2010, which will likely become a legislative issue in the 112th Congress.
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The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses concerns about food safety, the resources required to ensure food safety, and whether federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
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The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Sargent Jr., John F. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President. It also discusses selected issues and options for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
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Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress

Next Steps in Nuclear Arms Control with Russia: Issues for Congress

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report discusses the role of nuclear arms control in the U.S.-Soviet relationship, bilateral treaties and unilateral steps the United States took to alter its nuclear posture, and the role of arms control in the U.S.- Russian relationship.
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Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief discussion of the nation's government and economy, as well as Jordan's cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East.
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The 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics: Security and Human Rights Issues

The 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics: Security and Human Rights Issues

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Halchin, Elaine; Rollins, John W.; Tiersky, Alex & Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report discusses the security and human rights issues at 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics.
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How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction

How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses two basic methods that are used by the Senate to bring legislation to the floor for consideration. The Senate, at the majority leader's request, grants unanimous consent to take up a matter or agrees to his motion to proceed to consider it. Because the motion to proceed is subject to debate in most circumstances, it is less frequently used. Both methods are derived from the basic premise that the Senate as a body may decide what matters it considers.
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