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 Country: North Korea
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes U.S. assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea). It will be updated periodically to track changes in U.S. provision of aid to North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

Date: April 5, 2013
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report provides background information on the negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons program that began in the early 1990s under the Clinton Administration. As U.S. policy toward Pyongyang evolved through the George W. Bush presidency and into the Obama Administration, the negotiations moved from mostly bilateral to the multilateral Six-Party Talks (made up of China, Japan, Russia, North Korea, South Korea, and the United States).
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North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Taylor, Mi Ae
Description: This report provides background information on the nuclear negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons program that began in the early 1990s under the Clinton Administration. It also provides information on other concerns that the U.S. has with North Korea, and discusses U.S. engagement activities with North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes U.S. energy, food and medical assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's 2009 Nuclear Test: Containment, Monitoring, Implications

North Korea's 2009 Nuclear Test: Containment, Monitoring, Implications

Date: April 2, 2010
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the implications of North Korea's May 25, 2009, underground nuclear test, related issues such as the the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), containment of radioactive materials, and other concerns for Congress, such as improving nuclear monitoring capability.
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North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions

North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions

Date: January 6, 2015
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This report discusses the economic sanctions the United States imposes on North Korea for activities related to weapons proliferation, destabilizing the region, anti-terrorism, and undemocratic governance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Back on the Terrorism List?

North Korea: Back on the Terrorism List?

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report describes the rationales for including North Korea on the terrorism list from 1987- 2008, for North Korea's delisting in 2008, and the debate in 2010 over whether to re-list North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Second Nuclear Test: Implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874

North Korea's Second Nuclear Test: Implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth; Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses North Korea's second nuclear test and the implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874. The resolution puts in place a series of sanctions on North Korea's arms sales, luxury goods, and financial transactions related to its weapons programs, and calls upon states to inspect North Korean vessels suspected of carrying such shipments.
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North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

North Korea: U.S. Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: North Korea has presented one of the most vexing and persistent problems in U.S. foreign policy in the post-Cold War period. The United States has never had formal diplomatic relations with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (the official name for North Korea), although contact at a lower level has ebbed and flowed over the years. Negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons program have occupied the past three U.S. administrations, even as some analysts anticipated a collapse of the isolated authoritarian regime. North Korea has been the recipient of over $1 billion in U.S. aid (though none since 2009) and the target of dozens of U.S. sanctions. This report covers the overall U.S.-North Korea relationship, with an emphasis on nuclear diplomacy.
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North Korea: Back on the State Sponsors of Terrorism Lists?

North Korea: Back on the State Sponsors of Terrorism Lists?

Date: January 21, 2015
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Rennack, Dianne E.; Rinehart, Ian E. & Rollins, John W.
Description: This report discusses questions about North Korea's relationship with terrorists, state sponsors of terrorism, and terrorist attacks as well as the possible implications on re-designating North Korea in the list of sponsors of terrorism.
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Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report describes the organizations controlling research and development (R&D) on nuclear weapons in several nations, and presents a brief history of the organizations controlling nuclear weapons R&D in the United States. It discusses whether these organizations are civilian or military, though in many nations the lines between civilian and military are blurred.
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China-North Korea Relations

China-North Korea Relations

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Manyin, Mark E. & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report provides a brief survey of China-North Korea relations, assesses China's objectives and actions, and raises policy issues for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

Date: February 12, 2009
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes what is known from open sources about the North Korean nuclear weapons program--including weapons-usable fissile material and warhead estimates--and assesses current developments in achieving denuclearization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

Date: December 16, 2009
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes what is known from open sources about the North Korean nuclear weapons program--including weapons-usable fissile material and warhead estimates--and assesses current developments in achieving denuclearization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Economic Leverage and Policy Analysis

North Korea: Economic Leverage and Policy Analysis

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report examines the economic side of U.S. leverage with North Korea and reviews U.S. policy and legislation. The security side of U.S.-DPRK relations is addressed in other CRS reports.
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North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: Technical Issues

Date: May 5, 2009
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes what is known from open sources about the North Korean nuclear weapons program--including weapons-usable fissile material and warhead estimates--and assesses current developments in achieving denuclearization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Korea-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Korea-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Description: This report outlines the various elements of the bilateral relations between both the U.S. and North Korea and the U.S. and South Korea, especially nuclear nonproliferation agreements, nuclear dismantlement policies, and U.S. military troop withdrawals from South Korea.
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Ballistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and Opposition

Ballistic Missile Defense in the Asia-Pacific Region: Cooperation and Opposition

Date: April 3, 2015
Creator: Rinehart, Ian E.; Hildreth, Steven A. & Lawrence, Susan V.
Description: This report presents background information and discusses potential issues for Congress relating to U.S. ballistic missile defense (BMD) efforts in the Asia-Pacific region. These efforts pose several potential policy, funding, and oversight issues for Congress. Decisions that Congress makes on these issues could affect U.S. defense funding requirements and military capabilities, and U.S. relations with countries in the Asia Pacific region, including China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, and Australia.
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North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Description: This report provides background information on the nuclear negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons program that began in the early 1990s under the Clinton Administration. It also provides information on other concerns that the U.S. has with North Korea, and discusses U.S. engagement activities with North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Terrorism List Removal

North Korea: Terrorism List Removal

Date: January 6, 2010
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Description: This report discusses the issue of North Korea's inclusion on the U.S. list of terrorism-supporting countries that has been a major issue in U.S.-North Korean diplomacy since 2000, particularly in connection with negotiations over North Korea's nuclear program. North Korea demanded that the Clinton and Bush Administration remove North Korea from the terrorism support list. Secretary of State Clinton said on June 7, 2009, that the Obama Administration would consider reinstating North Korea on the list.
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Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
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Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: September 22, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Much of the debate over U.S. policy toward Iran has centered on the nature of the current regime; some believe that Iran, a country of about 70 million people, is a threat to U.S. interests because hardliners in Iran's regime dominate and set a policy direction intended to challenge U.S. influence and allies in the region. President George W. Bush, in his January 29, 2002, State of the Union message, labeled Iran part of an "axis of evil" along with Iraq and North Korea.
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Imports from North Korea: Existing Rules, Implications of the KORUS FTA, and the Kaesong Industrial Complex

Imports from North Korea: Existing Rules, Implications of the KORUS FTA, and the Kaesong Industrial Complex

Date: May 24, 2011
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Grimmett, Jeanne J.; Jones, Vivian C. & Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report examines the issue of U.S. imports from North Korea in three parts: U.S. rules and practices governing imports from North Korea. North Korea's exports to South Korea (via the KIC) and China, its dominant export markets. The KORUS FTA's potential effect on U.S. imports of North Korean content.
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Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: April 26, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Should the United States resume food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance to North Korea? This is the major issue facing Congress in considering the provision of aid to Pyongyang. The U.S. has provided food aid and energy assistance in the past. Currently plans for new aid is on hold due to the North Korean rocket launch on April 13, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department