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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program
This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3625/
F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program
This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Raptor Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2050/
F-22 Aircraft Program
This report discusses the background information, analysis and the recent developments in the F-22 Aircraft Program. The F-22 program raises questions about its cost and the need for this aircraft, the capabilities it would have, and the number of these planes needed to meet military requirements. The F-22 has had strong congressional support, although some have criticized the program on grounds of cost, requirements, and coordination with other tactical aircraft programs. Deletion of procurement funds in the FY2000 defense appropriation bill passed by the House made the future of the program a major issue for House and Senate conferees in 1999. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1352/
Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6353/
F/A-22 Raptor
The F-22A Raptor is a next-generation fighter/attack aircraft that features the latest stealth technology to reduce detection by radar. Using more advanced engines and avionics than the current F-15 Eagle, the F-22A is intended to maintain U.S. Air Force capabilities against more sophisticated enemy aircraft and air defenses in the 21st century. This report examines the Air Force’s F-22A Raptor program, including costs and schedule; considers several key issues, and concludes with a synopsis of recent legislative activity on the program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6344/
F/A-22 Raptor
The F-22A Raptor is a next-generation fighter/attack aircraft that features the latest stealth technology to reduce detection by radar. Using more advanced engines and avionics than the current F-15 Eagle, the F-22A is intended to maintain U.S. Air Force capabilities against more sophisticated enemy aircraft and air defenses in the 21st century. This report examines the Air Force’s F-22A Raptor program, including costs and schedule; considers several key issues, and concludes with a synopsis of recent legislative activity on the program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6341/
Nuclear Weapons: The Reliable Replacement Warhead Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6493/
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5693/
Crusader XM2001 Self-Propelled Howitzer: Background and Issues for Congress
The Army has been seeking to enhance its self-propelled 155mm artillery capabilities since the late 1970's. Among other tasks, artillery systems provide direct-fire maneuver forces, such as tanks and infantry, with immediate, heavy, indirect fires from a distance. Congress has become actively involved in deciding the fate of the Crusader, whether that be to endorse the DOD cancellation decision, continue the current development schedule, or to choose another option. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3674/
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2003-2010
This report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions. All agreement and delivery data in this report for the United States are government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS) transactions. Similar data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers by all suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93906/
U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 2003-2010
This report provides background data on U.S. arms sales agreements with and deliveries to its major purchasers during calendar years 2003-2010, made through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93917/
Assessing the Options for Preserving ICBM Survivability
The decision on how to redress the perceived vulnerability of U.S. intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMS) is the most controversial strategic nuclear weapon decision now facing the 97th Congress. A full-scale debate on this issue, especially as regards MX missile basing, seems certain. To assist Members of Congress in the debate, this paper discusses nine proposals for treating ICBM survivability: Recognize that ICBMs are invulnerable, rely only on bombers and submarines for deterrence, deploy a large or scaled-down shell-game multiple shelter system, defend MX with anti ballistic missiles, launch ICBMs on warning of attack, deploy MX on aircraft or small submarines, and diversify strategic forces, perhaps using small ICBMs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8158/
Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process
This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9286/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9893/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8701/
Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9611/
Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9620/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10180/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed almost two decades' worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. The Security Council called upon Iran to take steps requested of it by the IAEA Board in February -- reinstate its suspension of enrichment and reprocessing, reconsider construction of its heavy water reactor, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, and implement transparency measures. Iran has continued enrichment activities and failed to meet the Security Council's request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10236/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed almost two decades' worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. The Security Council called upon Iran to take steps requested of it by the IAEA Board in February -- resuspend enrichment and reprocessing, reconsider construction of its heavy water reactor, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, and implement transparency measures. Iran has continued enrichment activities and failed to meet the Security Council's request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10237/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections since 2003 have revealed almost two decades' worth of undeclared nuclear activities in Iran, including uranium enrichment and plutonium separation efforts. The Security Council called upon Iran to take steps requested of it by the IAEA Board in February -- reinstate its suspension of enrichment and reprocessing, reconsider construction of its heavy water reactor, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, and implement transparency measures. Iran has continued enrichment activities and failed to meet the Security Council's request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10235/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6961/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7222/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7061/
China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis
This report examines the major, foreign conventional weapon systems that China has acquired or has committed to acquire since 1990, with particular attention to implications for U.S. security concerns. It is not the assumption of this report that China’s military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), will engage in conflict with other forces in Asia. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s, there has been increasing concern about China’s assertiveness in Asia and greater threats against Taiwan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6836/
Russian Fighter Aircraft Industrial Base: Parallels with the United States?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1358/
China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis
This report examines the major, foreign conventional weapon systems that China has acquired or has committed to acquire since 1990, with particular attention to implications for U.S. security concerns. It is not the assumption of this report that China’s military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), will engage in conflict with other forces in Asia. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s, there has been increasing concern about China’s assertiveness in Asia and greater threats against Taiwan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1357/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5675/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5674/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5673/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5672/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5671/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3655/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5677/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5676/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3654/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3653/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3652/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3651/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3650/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3649/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2057/
Nuclear Weapons in Russia: Safety, Security, and Control Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2056/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6346/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6111/
Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5707/
Iran's Ballistic Missile Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6110/
Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2004-2011
This report provides Congress with official, unclassified, background data from U.S. government sources on transfers of conventional arms to developing nations by major suppliers for the period 2004 through 2011. All agreement and delivery data in this report for the United States are government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS) transactions. Similar data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers by all suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122243/
Navy Ship Names: Background for Congress
This report discusses the process of naming Navy ships, which have traditionally been chosen and announced by the Secretary of the Navy. Congress in recent years has proposed, and sometimes passed, legislation regarding the naming of specific ships. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94223/
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress
This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the CVN-78 program. CVN-78, CVN-79, and CVN-80 are the first three ships in the Navy's new Gerald R. Ford (CVN- 78) class of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers (CVNs). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94171/