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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
How to Develop and Write a Grant Proposal
This report is intended for Members and staff assisting grant seekers in districts and states and covers writing proposals for both government and private foundations grants. In preparation for writing a proposal, the report first discusses preliminary information gathering and preparation, developing ideas for the proposal, gathering community support, identifying funding resources, and seeking preliminary review of the proposal and support of relevant administrative officials. The second section of the report covers the actual writing of the proposal. The last section of the report provides a listing of free grants-writing websites. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26212/
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10106/
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10141/
The U.S. Science and Technology Workforce
In the 21st century, global competition and rapid advances in science and technology will challenge the scientific and technical proficiency of the U.S. workforce. This report provides an overview of the status of the U.S. science and technology (S&T) workforce, and identifies some of the issues and options that are currently being discussed in Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26280/
Federal Research and Development Organization, Policy, and Funding for Counterterrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7485/
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8451/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8094/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8093/
Desalination R and D: The New Federal Program
The purpose of the program is to determine the most technologically efficient and cost- effective means by which useable water can be produced from saline water or water otherwise impaired or contaminated. Currently, the cost of desalting seawater is 3 to 5 times the comparable cost of desalting brackish water, which is up to twice as expensive as the treatment and delivery of other municipal water supplies (not counting sewage-related costs). Funding for the new Desalination R&D Program is provided through Bureau of Reclamation's Office of Research in the Department of the Interior digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1043/
The National Ignition Facility: Management, Technical, and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2058/
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6052/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1016/
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3350/
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs772/
Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6033/
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies
The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1296/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1295/
Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1294/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, Second Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs774/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs482/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3366/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1919/
Grants Information on the World Wide Web
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1297/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5299/
Superfund Cleanup Standards Reconsidered
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs256/
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme
Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs197/
Fossil Energy Research and Development: Whither Coal?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs318/
World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program
The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs315/
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer
The term "STEM education" refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including educational activities across all grade levels—from pre-school to post-doctorate—in both formal and informal settings. This report is intended to serve as a primer for outlining existing STEM education policy issues and programs. It includes assessments of the federal STEM education effort and the condition of STEM education in the United States, as well as an analysis of several of the policy issues central to the contemporary federal conversation about STEM education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122233/
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011
This report summarizes the FY2011 budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. This report breaks down in detail the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98953/
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer
This report provides an overview of: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; U.S. competitiveness; environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns; nanomanufacturing; and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103223/
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress
This report covers concerns that Congress has expressed over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227716/
The Obama Administration's Proposal to Establish a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation
Report that discusses the proposed creation of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI). This includes an overview of the topic as well as discussion on the Administration's proposal, preliminary activities, legislative status, and issues for consideration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227777/
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011
Report summarizing the 2011 Fiscal Year budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. In addition, this report breaks down the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227658/
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development
Report that looks at the workings, and pros and cons, of a system established by Congress to facilitate the transfer of technology research and development (R&D) funding to the private sector and state and local governments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc228031/
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine
Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227824/
Possible Impacts of Major Counter Terrorism Security Actions on Research, Development, and Higher Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2517/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1530/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2365/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1534/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1533/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1532/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1531/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2375/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2374/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2373/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2372/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2371/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2370/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2369/