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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
The Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) program provides monetary assistance to individuals unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Compensation (UC) benefits. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). DUA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state’s UC agency. In the 109th Congress, P.L. 109-176 was signed into law on March 6, 2006, extending the duration of DUA benefits from 26 to 39 weeks for victims of the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10158/
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
The Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) program provides monetary assistance to individuals unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Compensation (UC) benefits. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). DUA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state’s UC agency. In the 109th Congress, P.L. 109-176 was signed into law on March 6, 2006, extending the duration of DUA benefits from 26 to 39 weeks for victims of the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7465/
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3233/
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3232/
Labor and Mandatory Arbitration Agreements: Background and Discussion
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3223/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3731/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1382/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1381/
An Information Technology Labor Shortage? Legislation in the 106th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1974/
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers
The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29491/
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers
The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29490/
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers
The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26088/
Emergency Unemployment Compensation
The Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC) program is a temporary unemployment insurance program that provides up to 13 additional weeks of unemployment benefits to certain workers who have exhausted their rights to regular unemployment compensation (UC) benefits. The program effectively begins July 6, 2008, and will terminate on March 28, 2009. No EUC benefit will be paid beyond the week ending July 4, 2009. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10770/
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1361/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5939/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5023/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5022/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5021/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5020/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1825/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1824/
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5944/
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8765/
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7258/
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7098/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8222/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5102/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3224/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1852/
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6262/
The Use of Labor Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Legal Analysis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1263/
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5729/
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1378/
Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives
In November 1999, during the World Trade Organization (WTO) conference in Seattle, hundreds of protestors took to the street to protest a number of issues, including the international use of child labor, which has become increasingly important in discussions on international trade, human rights and international assistance. While awareness of the issue has increased, the ability to address the complex problem has been complicated by a number of related factors including rising poverty, surging HIV/AIDS infection rates, and a lack of relevant education. This report will outline the scope of the international child labor problem, explain the difficulties in eliminating it, describe U.S. and international child labor programs, and present some issues Congress may consider. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9080/
Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations:
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9401/
Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative Activity
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8956/
Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9889/
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8573/
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8639/
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation: A Fact Sheet
The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) is a federal government agency established in 1974 by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) (P.L. 93- 406). It was created to protect the pensions of participants and beneficiaries covered by private sector, defined benefit (DB) plans. These pension plans provide a specified monthly benefit at retirement, usually either a percent of salary or a flat dollar amount multiplied by years of service. Defined contribution plans, such as §401(k) plans, are not insured. The PBGC is chaired by the Secretary of Labor, with the Secretaries of Treasury and Commerce serving as board members. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26069/
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
The Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) program provides monetary assistance to individuals unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Compensation (UC) benefits. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). DUA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state’s UC agency. In the 109th Congress, P.L. 109-176 was signed into law on March 6, 2006, extending the duration of DUA benefits from 26 to 39 weeks for victims of the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7500/
Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7571/
Unemployment Compensation (UC) and the Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): Funding UC Benefits
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7340/
The Minimum Wage: An Overview of Issues Before the 106th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1264/
The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1262/
Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures
Over the past few years, the media have been filled with reports about worksite enforcement operations, commonly referred to as immigration raids. These operations represent the public face of efforts by the Department of Homeland Security to curtail the employment of unauthorized immigrants. According to 2006 estimates, there are some 7.8 million unauthorized workers in the U.S. civilian workforce. Enforcement activity by the Department of Labor (DOL) is also relevant to a discussion of federal efforts to curtail unauthorized employment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83889/
The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN)
Congress has passed legislation to facilitate the reemployment of workers who through no fault of their own are let go by their employers. Among these laws is the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act, P.L. 100-379, enacted in 1988. This report discusses the WARN Act in brief, especially as related to Congress's renewed interest in the Act due to the current financial crises and recession. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26202/
Unauthorized Employment of Aliens: Basics of Employer Sanctions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7759/
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there is an ongoing nationwide shortage of RNs of various kinds and in various sectors of the health care services industry. Before the latest (mid-2002) release of supply-demand projections from the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), it was estimated, based in whole or part on 1996 HRSA projections, that there would likely be a shortage of RNs in 2007 or shortly thereafter. This report first will analyze recent trends in the RN labor market and then examine HRSA’s new projections, which moved up the date of an RN shortage to 2000. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3260/
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1872/
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