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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Appropriations for FY1999: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Foreign Operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs698/
Appropriations for FY2000: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs994/
Key Foreign and Defense Policy Issues in the 104th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs124/
Japan's Foreign Aid
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs64/
Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs928/
Taiwan-Mainland China Relations: Status, Prospects, U.S. Interests, and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs211/
NATO: July 1997 Madrid Summit Outcome
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs449/
Bosnia Stabilization Force (SFOR) and U.S. Policy
In December 1995, a NATO-led implementation force (IFOR) was deployed to Bosnia to enforce the military aspects of the Bosnian peace agreement. After fierce debate, the House and Senate passed separate resolutions in December 1995 expressing support for the U.S. troops in Bosnia, although not necessarily for the mission itself. Legislative efforts to bar funds for the deployment of U.S. troops to Bosnia were narrowly rejected. In the 105th Congress, similar efforts to bar a U.S. deployment after June 1998 were also rejected, although the FY 1998 defense authorization and appropriations laws contain reporting requirements that must be fulfilled before an extended deployment may take place. The defense appropriation measure requires the President to seek a supplemental appropriation for any deployment after June 1998. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs608/
Religious Persecution Abroad: Congressional Concerns and Actions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs572/
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law
This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs730/
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law
This report provides background on the range of actions that might be termed foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use. Criteria are offered that legislators might consider to judge when sanctions might be appropriate, approaches that might be effective, aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report provides an uncomplicated "map" of where sanctions policies and options currently lay in U. S. law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs465/
Vietnam-U.S. Relations: The Debate Over Normalization
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs215/
Kosovo's Future Status: Alternative Models
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs992/
Iraq: International Support for U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs696/
U.S. Policy Toward the China-Taiwan Relationship: Summary of a CRS Workshop
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs204/
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law
This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6971/
The United States and the Use of Force in the Post-Cold War World: Toward Self-Deterrence?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs105/
Russian-Japanese Impasse and Its Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs62/
Lobbying by Foreign Interests: Japan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs11/
Japanese Lobbying and U.S. Automobile Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs61/
China's Sinister View of U.S. Policy: Origins, Implications and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs210/
Kosovo and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs757/
China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress
This report tracks pending human rights legislation, including bills concerning: prison conditions and prison labor exports (H.R. 2195, H.R. 2358); coercive abortion practices (H.R. 2570); China’s policies toward religion (H.R. 967, H.R. 2431); and more general human rights issues (H.R. 2095). Other bills concern Taiwan — in particular, Taiwan’s entry into the World Trade Organization (H.Res. 190) and the U.S. role in helping Taiwan with a theater missile defense system (H.R. 2386). Also, legislation is pending on China’s missile proliferation activities (H.Res. 188), Radio Free Asia broadcasting to China (H.R. 2232), China’s participation in multilateral institutions (H.R. 1712, H.R. 2605), and the activities of China’s military and intelligence services (H.R. 2647, H.R. 2190). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs760/
China, Congress, and Sanctions - Findings of a Workshop-Seminar
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs333/
APEC and the 1997 Summit in Vancouver
This report discusses the November 25, 1997 summit held by leaders of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) in Vancouver, B.C., Canada. The purpose of the summit was to further pursue the APEC agenda of endorsing a framework developed by APEC leaders' finance ministers to promote financial stability in the Asia-Pacific region and to supplement resources by the International Monetary Fund when necessary. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs451/
Cuba-U.S. Relations: Should the United States Reexamine Its Policy?
This report first outlines the current U.S. policy approach toward Cuba and then discusses the option of moderating policy and what this strategy might entail. It then examines the arguments in favor of such a policy approach and the arguments opposed to changing U.S. Policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26055/
Jerusalem: The U.S. Embassy and P.L. 104-45
Report discussing the legislation proposal to move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs993/
Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs824/
Cuba: Issues for Congress
This report examines the economic and political situation in Cuba, including the human rights situation, and U.S. policy toward Cuba. The report also analyzes a number of issues facing Congress in U.S. policy toward Cuba, including: the overall direction of U.S. policy; challenges to U.S. policy in the World Trade Organization; restrictions on commercial food and medical exports; restrictions on travel; bilateral drug trafficking cooperation; Cuba and terrorism; funding for U.S.-government sponsored radio and television broadcasting to Cuba; the Russian signals intelligence facility in Cuba; migration issues; and compensation to the families of those Americans killed in 1996 when Cuba shot down two U.S. civilian planes. The report cites legislation that was passed in the 106th Congress, and also tracks legislative action on these various issues in U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 107th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6358/
Mexican Drug Certification Issues: U.S. Congressional Action, 1986-1998
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs621/
Colombia: The Problem of Illegal Narcotics and U.S. - Colombian Relations
The United States has long been concerned with Colombia as a major producer and trafficker of the illegal narcotics entering this country: first marijuana, then cocaine, and now also heroin. Colombia's drug trafficking business has been dominated by two cartels during the two decades in which cocaine trafficking became a major activity: first the Medellin cartel, which dominated during the 1980s and then the Cali cartel, which dominated during the early 1990s. With the arrests of the major Cali cartel leaders in the mid-1990s, independent traffickers have filled the void. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs620/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress in the 1990s
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs126/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress in the 1990s
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs125/
China-U.S. Relations
This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. The relations also have been marred by continuing allegations of Chinese espionage, ongoing controversy over human rights, charges that China continues to violate its non-proliferation commitments, controversy over the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, and renewed tensions over Taiwan. The report describes current issues in U.S.-China relations such as; Human Rights Issues, Issues in U.S.-China Security Relations, Economic Issues, and Sovereignty Issues: Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs218/
China-U.S. Relations
This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. The relations also have been marred by continuing allegations of Chinese espionage, ongoing controversy over human rights, charges that China continues to violate its non-proliferation commitments, controversy over the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, and renewed tensions over Taiwan. The report describes current issues in U.S.-China relations such as; Human Rights Issues, Issues in U.S.-China Security Relations, Economic Issues, and Sovereignty Issues: Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs217/
Korea: U.S.-South Korean Issues in the 1990's
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs219/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress in the 1990s
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs128/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress in the 1990s
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs127/
Jerusalem: Legislation to Move the U.S. Embassy
Report discussing the legislation proposal to move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs697/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs220/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs338/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs224/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs223/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs222/
U.S.-Japan Trade: Framework Talks and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs221/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress in the 1990s
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs32/
China-U.S. Relations
This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. The relations also have been marred by continuing allegations of Chinese espionage, ongoing controversy over human rights, charges that China continues to violate its non-proliferation commitments, controversy over the accidental NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, and renewed tensions over Taiwan. The report describes current issues in U.S.-China relations such as; Human Rights Issues, Issues in U.S.-China Security Relations, Economic Issues, and Sovereignty Issues: Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs699/
Japan's Response to U.S. Trade Pressures: End of an Era?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs208/
India-U.S. Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs216/
Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. - China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances"
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs695/
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