You limited your search to:

 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress
This CRS report, updated as warranted, discusses policy issues regarding military-to-military (mil-to-mil) contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of major contacts and crises since 1993. Issues for Congress include whether the Obama Administration has complied with legislation overseeing dealings with the PLA and pursued contacts with the PLA that advance a prioritized set of U.S. security interests, especially the operational safety of U.S. military personnel. Oversight legislation includes the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for FY1990-FY1991 and National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2000. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87284/
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget
This report discusses the 112th Congress' possible changes to the implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122224/
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues
This report reviews the ongoing programs that will affect the expected size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force structure. It begins with an overview of this force structure during the Cold War, and summarizes the reductions and changes that have occurred since 1991. It then offers details about each category of delivery vehicle, focusing on their current deployments and ongoing and planned modernization programs. The report concludes with a discussion of issues related to decisions about the future size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33058/
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union
This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40185/
U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Nonmarket Economies: A Legal Overview
Two major U.S. trade remedies are antidumping (AD) law, which combats the sale of imported products at less than their fair market value, and countervailing duty (CVD) law, which aims to offset foreign government subsidization of imported goods. This report discusses these two law's impact on U.S. foreign relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84074/
Iran's Influence in Iraq
Iran's influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran's sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran's influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. U.S. officials say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. presence in Iraq. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10215/
Iran's Influence in Iraq
Iran's influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran's sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran's influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. U.S. officials say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. presence in Iraq. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10214/
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues
This report reviews the ongoing programs that will affect the expected size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force structure. It begins with an overview of this force structure during the Cold War, and summarizes the reductions and changes that have occurred since 1991. It then offers details about each category of delivery vehicle, focusing on their current deployments and ongoing and planned modernization programs. The report concludes with a discussion of issues related to decisions about the future size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40218/
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress
This CRS report discusses policy issues regarding military-to-mliitary contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of contacts since 1993. The United States suspended military contacts with China and imposed sanctions on arms sales in response to the Tiananmen Crackdown in 1989. In 1993, the Clinton Administration began to re-engage the PRC leadership up to the highest level and including China's military, the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Renewed military exchanges with the PLA have not regained the closeness reached in the 1980s, when U.S.-PRC strategic cooperation against the Soviet Union included U.S. arms sales to China. Issues for Congress include whether the current Administration under President Bush has complied with legislation overseeing dealings with the PLA and has determined a program of contacts with the PLA that advances a prioritized list of U.S. security interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40194/
House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4025/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5082/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5081/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5080/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3205/
Implications of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations upon the Regulation of Consular Identification Cards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6254/
Sri Lanka: Background and U.S. Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9768/
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8473/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8558/
Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests
This report provides an overview of U.S. policy concerns and relations with countries in central Asia. The report discusses issues such as Fostering Pro-Western Orientations, Obstacles to Peace and Independence, Democratization and Human Rights, Security and Arms Control, Trade and Investment, and provides an Aid Overview. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9833/
Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9751/
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9907/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9947/
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9788/
Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon:
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9514/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9701/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8913/
Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests
This report provides an overview of U.S. policy concerns and relations with countries in central Asia. The report discusses issues such as Fostering Pro-Western Orientations, Obstacles to Peace and Independence, Democratization and Human Rights, Security and Arms Control, Trade and Investment, and provides an Aid Overview. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9832/
The Persian Gulf States: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9771/
The NATO Summit at Bucharest, 2008
NATO held a summit in Bucharest, Romania, April 2-4, 2008. The summit did not become the occasion to adopt major new ideas or initiatives. A "Strategic Vision" paper on Afghanistan clarified several issues but did not lead to a greater sharing of the combat burden among NATO governments. Croatia and Albania, but not Macedonia, were invited to begin accession negotiations for membership. In a contentious debate, neither Georgia nor Ukraine were admitted to the MAP process. The debate over missile defense led to the consolidation of an evolving allied position. See also CRS Report RL34415, Enlargement Issues at NATO's Bucharest Summit, coordinated by Paul Gallis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10731/
Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response
Trafficking in people for prostitution and forced labor is one of the most prolific areas of international criminal activity and is of significant concern to the United States and the international community. The overwhelming majority of those trafficked are women and children. In December 2005, Congress adopted the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005. The State Department, on June 5, 2006, issued a mandate that categorized countries into four groups according to the efforts they were making to combat trafficking. Those countries (Tier Three) that do not cooperate in the fight against trafficking have been made subject to U.S. sanctions since 2003. In the second session of the 109th Congress, both chambers are expected to continue to address the human trafficking issue as part of their authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10488/
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues
This report reviews the ongoing programs that will affect the expected size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force structure. It begins with an overview of this force structure during the Cold War, and summarizes the reductions and changes that have occurred since 1991. It then offers details about each category of delivery vehicle, focusing on their current deployments and ongoing and planned modernization programs. The report concludes with a discussion of issues related to decisions about the future size and shape of the U.S. strategic nuclear force. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26248/
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities
The State Department's new Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) is intended to address longstanding concerns, both within Congress and the broader foreign policy community, over the perceived lack of the appropriate capabilities and processes to deal with transitions from conflict to sustainable stability. Effectively distributing resources among the various executive branch actors, maintaining clear lines of authority and jurisdiction, and balancing short- and long-term objectives are major challenges for designing, planning, and conducting post-conflict operations. This report outlines the functions of S/CRS, as well as funding of S/CRS and relevant legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10380/
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress
This CRS report discusses policy issues regarding military-to-mliitary contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of contacts since 1993. The United States suspended military contacts with China and imposed sanctions on arms sales in response to the Tiananmen Crackdown in 1989. In 1993, the Clinton Administration began to re-engage the PRC leadership up to the highest level and including China's military, the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Renewed military exchanges with the PLA have not regained the closeness reached in the 1980s, when U.S.-PRC strategic cooperation against the Soviet Union included U.S. arms sales to China. Issues for Congress include whether the current Administration under President Bush has complied with legislation overseeing dealings with the PLA and has determined a program of contacts with the PLA that advances a prioritized list of U.S. security interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10415/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8105/
Iran's Influence in Iraq
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7968/
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7290/
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7289/
Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7395/
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law
This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6971/
Implications of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations upon the Regulation of Consular Identification Cards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7223/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8313/
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8299/
Iran's Influence in Iraq
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8312/
Peacekeeping and Post-Conflict Capabilities: The State Department’s Office for Reconstruction and Stabilization
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7335/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8019/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6864/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6642/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6641/
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6640/
Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6667/