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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Date: April 26, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Tiersky, Alex L.
Description: On February 13, 2012, the Obama Administration submitted its FY2013 budget request, including $54.7 billion in new budget authority for State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations. Of the total request, $18.6 billion is for programs funded through the State operations and related agencies, and $36.1 billion is for foreign operations. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the request. A full CRS report on FY2013 State and Foreign Operations budget and appropriations issues is planned to follow initial congressional consideration of appropriations legislation.
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Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report discusses the FY2013 Administration approved budget of $39.485 billion for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Agency Budget Justifications for FY2013

Selected Agency Budget Justifications for FY2013

Date: March 30, 2012
Creator: Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides a convenient listing of online FY2013 agency budget justification submissions for all 15 executive branch departments and 9 selected independent agencies.
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The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report regarding the fiscal cliff, which is a set of tax increases and spending cuts that would substantially reduce the deficit in 2013.
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Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, which includes funding for all components and functions of DHS, including Customs and Border Protection (CBP); Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE); the Transportation Security Administration (TSA); Coast Guard (USCG); Secret Service (USSS); the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), which includes Infrastructure Protection and Information Security (IPIS) and the Federal Protective Service (FPS); the Office of Health Affairs (OHA); the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS); the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC); the Science and Technology directorate (S&T); the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO); departmental management, Analysis and Operations (A&O), and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
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Department of Homeland Security: FY2013 Appropriations

Department of Homeland Security: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report describes the FY2013 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The Administration requested $39.510 billion in adjusted net discretionary budget authority for DHS for FY2013, as part of an overall budget of $59.501 billion (including fees, trust funds, and other funding that is not appropriated or does not score against the budget caps). The request amounts to a $90 million, or a 0.2%, decrease from the $39.600 billion enacted for FY2012 through the consolidated appropriations act (P.L. 112-174).
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The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester

The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Report that provides information on the levels of deficit reduction if the Budget Control Act's (BCA) automatic cuts are implemented as under current law and contrasts that with the alternative proposals offered by some Members of Congress and President Obama. It also discusses specific determinations made by the Office of Management and Budget regarding the exempt/non-exempt status of certain programs, as well as a discussion of information to be disclosed regarding the FY2013 BCA sequester impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Action Task Force: An Overview

The Financial Action Task Force: An Overview

Date: May 9, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and of its progress to date in gaining broad international support for its recommendations. The FATF is an independent, intergovernmental policymaking body was established by the 1989 G-7 Summit in Paris as a result of growing concerns among the summit participants about the threat posed to the international banking system by money laundering.
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The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: May 2, 2012
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: "Deeming resolution" is a term that refers to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether.
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The “Deeming Resolution”: A Budget Enforcement Tool

The “Deeming Resolution”: A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: This report gives an overview of the "deeming resolution" (referring to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle). It includes background information and a breakdown of House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, broken down by fiscal year for the cycles when there was no agreement on a budget resolution.
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Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations

Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: March 26, 2012
Creator: James, Nathan; Williams, Jennifer D. & Sargent, John F. Jr.
Description: This report will track and describe actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2013 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2012 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as a part of the annual appropriation for CJS.
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Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Federal spending is divided into three broad categories: discretionary spending, mandatory spending, and net interest. Federal spending has outrun federal revenues for the last 10 fiscal years. In the long term, projections suggest that if current policies remain unchanged, the United States faces a major fiscal imbalance, largely due to rising health care costs and impending Baby Boomer retirements. Because discretionary spending is a smaller proportion of total federal outlays compared to mandatory spending, some budget experts contend that any significant reductions in federal spending must include cuts in entitlement spending. Other budget and social policy experts contend that cuts in entitlement spending could compromise their goals: the economic security of the elderly and the poor.
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Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, FY1940-FY2012

Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, FY1940-FY2012

Date: June 13, 2012
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: This report provides information on the historical budget authority of the Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly the Veterans Administration) for FY1940 through FY2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 21, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms. Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use these options for a limited number of defense acquisition programs; compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
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Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
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Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.; Lynch, Megan Suzanne & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides a detailed introduction to the federal budget process, including both the presidential and congressional budget process, sequestration, and numerous forms of budgetary legislation.
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The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: February 23, 2012
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide funding for numerous activities, for example, national defense, education, and homeland security, as well as general government operations. Congress has developed certain rules and practices for the consideration of appropriations measures, referred to as the congressional appropriations process. This report looks at this process as well as the three types of appropriates measures: regular appropriations bills, continuing resolutions, and supplemental appropriations bills.
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Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of Congressional Action for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of Congressional Action for FY2013

Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill includes funding for all components and functions of the Department of Homeland Security. This report looks at the requested FY2013 budget for these bills, and programs that the budget would fund.
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Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
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Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: January 3, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA)—which includes the National Fire Academy (NFA)—is currently housed within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The objective of the USFA is to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire. The United States Fire Administration Reauthorization Act of 2008 was signed into law on October 8, 2008. As is the case with many federal programs, concerns in the 112th Congress over the federal budget deficit could impact budget levels for the USFA. Debate over the USFA budget has focused on whether the USFA is receiving an appropriate level of funding to accomplish its mission, given that appropriations for USFA have consistently been well below the agency's authorized level. An ongoing issue is the viability and status of the USFA and National Fire Academy within the Department of Homeland Security.
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United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: The United States Fire Administration (USFA)—which includes the National Fire Academy (NFA)—is currently housed within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The objective of the USFA is to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire. As is the case with many federal programs, concerns in the 112th Congress over the federal budget deficit could impact budget levels for the USFA. Debate over the USFA budget has focused on whether the USFA is receiving an appropriate level of funding to accomplish its mission, given that appropriations for USFA have consistently been well below the agency's authorized level. An ongoing issue is the viability and status of the USFA and National Fire Academy within the Department of Homeland Security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2013

Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2013

Date: December 4, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: Report that discusses the recent history of offsetting rescissions in paying for supplemental appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: "Sequestration" is a process of automatic, largely across-the-board spending reductions under which budgetary resources are permanently canceled to enforce certain budget policy goals. This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress. This includes how it is enacted and special rules that can apply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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