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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages for countering mines, small boats, and diesel-electric submarines, particularly in littoral (i.e., near-shore) waters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Specialty Metal Clause: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

The Specialty Metal Clause: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 6, 2014
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the specialty metal clause, potential oversight issues, and options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an introduction to the roles that international law and agreements play in the United States. The report discusses forms of international agreements and the effects of international agreements on U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Lacey Act: Protecting the Environment by Restricting Trade

The Lacey Act: Protecting the Environment by Restricting Trade

Date: January 14, 2014
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report looks at the history and applications of the Lacey Act, which allows the U.S. to enforce the laws of other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act, Sequestration, and the Foreign Affairs Budget: Background and Possible Impacts

The Budget Control Act, Sequestration, and the Foreign Affairs Budget: Background and Possible Impacts

Date: December 20, 2013
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses sequestration and the foreign affairs (150) budget function, and presents FY2013 estimates by account.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 30, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report presents an overview of Qatar's history and recent economic and political developments. The report discusses U.S. relations with Qatar, U.S. military cooperation and foreign assistance, political reform and elections, as well as human rights and social issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's State of the Union Address: Tradition, Function, and Policy Implications

The President's State of the Union Address: Tradition, Function, and Policy Implications

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Shogan, Colleen J. & Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report discusses the State of the Union address, which is a communication between the President and Congress in which the chief executive reports on the current conditions of the United States and provides policy proposals for the upcoming legislative year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Heritage Areas: Background, Proposals, and Current Issues

Date: June 4, 2013
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy & Comay, Laura B.
Description: This report focuses on heritage areas designated by Congress and related issues and legislation. Over more than two decades, Congress has established 40 National Heritage Areas (NHAs) to commemorate, conserve, and promote areas that include important natural, scenic, historic, cultural, and recreational resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: April 24, 2013
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report covers the recent economical and political development in Nigeria; elections, development challenges, reform initiatives, social issues, security concerns, and international relations in Nigeria. The report ends with some concerns for Congress, including U.S.-Nigerian trade issues, Nigerian counter-terrorism efforts, and U.S. assistance to Nigeria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Date: November 27, 2013
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the strategic significance of Guam for defense buildup and the force relocation and deployments from the U.S. mainland. It also discusses the concerns and issues for Congress, such as allies and partner, China, and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) Program

Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) Program

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses the public safety officers' benefits (PSOB) program that provides three different types of benefits to public safety officers and their survivors: a death, a disability, and an education benefit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities

Nuclear Power Plant Security and Vulnerabilities

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Holt, Mark & Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report discusses the physical security at nuclear power plants and concerns of radiological sabotage, a deliberate act against a plant that could directly or indirectly endanger public health and safety through exposure to radiation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran, the last of which seems incongruous with the other positive aspects of Oman's relationship with the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Date: June 10, 2013
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear explosion and was in 1996 adopted by the U.N. General Assembly but rejected by the U.S. Senate in 1997. This report discusses the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). This report also discusses other nuclear weapons-related issues as well as the long history of nuclear testing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the court of appeals decision. It also discusses legislative efforts to address these issues(S. 1535 and H.R. 3143).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the USA PATRIOT Act (107-56) and its expanded authority to issue national security letters (NSLs). A report by the Department of Justice's Inspector General (IG) found that in its pre-amendment use of expanded USA PATRIOT Act authority the FBI had "used NSLs in violation of applicable NSL statutes, Attorney General Guidelines, and internal FBI policies," but that no criminal laws had been broken.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: June 10, 2013
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the federal government's role in the country's information technology (IT) research and development (R&D) activities. The government's support of IT R&D began because it had an important interest in creating computers and software that would be capable of addressing the problems and issues the government needed to solve and study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-China economic relationship and China's rapid expansion as a global economic market, both with respect to the current global economic crisis. It also examines major U.S.-China trade issues and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 7, 2013
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report supplies brief answers to some frequently-asked questions regarding recess appointments. These are appointments to high-level policy-making positions in federal departments which are generally confirmed by the Senate. When the Senate is in recess, the President may make a temporary appointment, called a recess appointment, to any such position without Senate approval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: Trends and Current Issues

U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: Trends and Current Issues

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding foreign investments and how that can affect the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Paris Club, a voluntary, informal group of creditor nations who meet approximately 10 times per year and provide debt relief to developing countries. Members of the Paris Club agree to renegotiate and/or reduce official debt owed to them on a case-by-case basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

China's Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background on China's economic rise; describes its current economic structure; identifies the challenges China faces to maintain economic growth; and discusses the challenges, opportunities, and implications of China's economic rise for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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