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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1998
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: April 27, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: In its most elemental form, the federal budget is a comprehensive accounting of the government’s spending, revenues, and borrowing. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget for Fiscal Year 1998

The Budget for Fiscal Year 1998

Date: July 22, 1998
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: This report discusses the efforts to reach an agreement on the fiscal year (FY) 1998 budget were, in many respects, a continuation of the efforts to balance the federal budget by (or before) FY2002. The proposals and legislation for FY1998 were designed to move the budget further towards balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget FY1999: A Chronology with Internet Access

Budget FY1999: A Chronology with Internet Access

Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Bley, Mary Frances
Description: This is a select chronology of, and a finding guide for information on, congressional and presidential actions and documents related to major budget events in calendar year 1998, covering the FY1999 budget. Brief information is provided for the President’s budget, congressional budget resolutions, appropriations measures (regular, continuing, supplementals, and rescissions), budget reconciliation, House and Senate votes, line-item vetoes, publications, testimony, charts, and tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Functional Categories of the Federal Budget

Date: March 23, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report discusses the functional categories, which provide a broad statement of budget priorities and facilitate the analysis of trends in related programs regardless of the type of financial transaction or agency organization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Budget: Social Spending Targets in the FY 1999 House Budget Resolution

Federal Budget: Social Spending Targets in the FY 1999 House Budget Resolution

Date: June 11, 1998
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency: An Analysis of Key FY1999 Budget Issues

Environmental Protection Agency: An Analysis of Key FY1999 Budget Issues

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: On February 2, 1998, the President requested $7.8 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in FY1999. The Senate Appropriations Committee reported S. 2168 (S.Rept. 105-216) on June 12; the full Senate passed the bill on July 17. The House Committee reported H.R. 4194 (H.Rept. 105-610) on July 8, 1998; the full House passed it on July 29; and the Senate passed it on July 30 after incorporating S. 2168's provisions. During the week of October 6, the House and Senate approved the conference report, H.Rept. 105-769, which includes $7.5 billion, thus clearing the bill for the President's signature of October 21 (P.L. 105-276). The Omnibus Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-277) added $30 million more in FY1999 funds.
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Environmental Protection Agency: FY1998 Budget

Environmental Protection Agency: FY1998 Budget

Date: January 12, 1998
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: EPA appropriations are included in the annual VA-HUD-Independent Agencies Appropriation Bill. Two major issues were whether Superfund cleanups should be accelerated in the absence of statutory reforms and whether the requested state assistance funds are adequate. Because the House and Senate were in agreement on not granting the requested 50% increase in Superfund and in passing increased state funds, the chief conference issue focused on the roughly $225 million difference between the House and Senate versions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Consideration of a concurrent budget resolution is governed by special procedures in the House and Senate. Although the procedures of each chamber differ, they serve generally to expedite consideration of the budget resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Entitlements Debate

The Entitlements Debate

Date: January 28, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: Federal entitlement programs make payments directly to recipients who meet eligibility criteria set by law. There are about 400 of them with Social Security being the largest. Generally, entitlement spending is not subject to control through annual appropriations, and once an entitlement program is established, its scope can be altered only by amending the law that created it.
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Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Date: May 30, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Budget reconciliation is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Date: May 4, 1998
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: District of Columbia

Appropriations for FY1999: District of Columbia

Date: November 5, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the District of Columbia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Defense Budget Primer

A Defense Budget Primer

Date: December 9, 1998
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a primer for those who wish to familiarize themselves with the defense budget process. The report defines basic defense budget-related terms, describes the structure of the defense budget, briefly reviews the budgeting process within the Department of Defense (DOD), and outlines the successive phases of the congressional defense budget process. It also provides a short review of the budget execution process. This report will be updated only in the event of significant changes to the defense budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Spending Pipeline: Stages of Federal Spending

The Spending Pipeline: Stages of Federal Spending

Date: April 23, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita; Browne, Marjorie Ann & McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration and Naturalization Service's FY1999 Budget

Immigration and Naturalization Service's FY1999 Budget

Date: August 7, 1998
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An Overview and FY1999 Budget Analysis

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An Overview and FY1999 Budget Analysis

Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Radzanowski, David P & Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Census 2000: Sampling as an Appropriations Issue in the 105th Congress

Census 2000: Sampling as an Appropriations Issue in the 105th Congress

Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D
Description: The 105th Congress has debated the decennial census sampling issue mainly in the appropriations process, beginning with FY1997 supplemental appropriations legislation for disaster relief. In FY1998 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies (CJS), the Senate (S. 1022) instructed the Bureau of the Census not to make “irreversible” Census 2000 sampling plans, while the House (H.R. 2267) sought a moratorium on these plans, pending expedited judicial review of their constitutionality and legality.
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Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Date: October 22, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Title III of the Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the points of order that are used to enforce congressional budget procedures and substantive provisions of a budget resolution. These points of order prohibit certain congressional actions and consideration of certain legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

Date: May 18, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the congressional budget process, which coordinates the legislative activities on the budget resolution, appropriations bills, reconciliation legislation, revenue measures, and other budgetary legislation. Section 300 of this act provides a timetable (see Table 1) so that Congress may complete its work on the budget by the start of the fiscal year on October 1.
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Drug Control: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Drug Control: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Date: August 26, 1998
Creator: Teasley, David
Description: The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) was scheduled to sunset on September 30, 1997, but Congress approved ONDCP funding under the Treasury, Postal Appropriations Act, FY1998 (P.L. 105-61). Several measures have been introduced in the 105th Congress to reauthorize ONDCP. On October 21, 1997, the House passed H.R. 2610, as amended, the National Narcotics Leadership Act. On November 6, 1997, the Senate Judiciary Committee reported H.R. 2610, replacing the language of the House-passed version with a new version, the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act. On July 29, 1998, the Senate approved an amendment (S. Amdt. 3367/Hatch and Biden) to the Treasury, Postal Appropriations Act, FY1999 (S. 2312/Campbell) that differs from the House-passed version of H.R. 2610.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: May 8, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The gross federal debt consists of the debt held by the public plus the debt held by government accounts. Almost all of the gross federal debt is subject to a public debt limit, as set forth in statute (31 U.S.C. 3101).This report considers legislation needed to change the public debt limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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