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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Fair Labor Standards Act: Changes Made by the 101st Congress and Their Implications

The Fair Labor Standards Act: Changes Made by the 101st Congress and Their Implications

Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: Initially, in the 101st Congress, a measure to increase federal minimum wage (and to make numerous other changes in the FLSA) was passed by both the House and the Senate but, in June 1989, it was vetoed by President Bush. An effort by the House to override the President's veto was unsuccessful. Later, new legislation was introduced and approved both by the House and the Senate. On November 17, 1989, President Bush signed the bill (P.L. 101-107).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq-Kuwait: U.N. Security Council Resolutions -- Texts and Votes

Iraq-Kuwait: U.N. Security Council Resolutions -- Texts and Votes

Date: November 1, 1990
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 1-2, 1990, set into motion a series of actions by the United Nations Security Council. Between August 2 and December 4, 1990, the Council adopted 12 resolutions. The numbers and votes of those resolutions are listed and the full text of each resolution is included in the this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fish and Wildlife Service: Compensation to Local Governments

Fish and Wildlife Service: Compensation to Local Governments

Date: March 6, 1990
Creator: M. Lynne Corn
Description: The Refuge Revenue Sharing Fund (RRSF) was enacted in response to the concern of local governments regarding losses to their tax base due to the presence of federally owned land under the jurisdiction of the Fish and Wildlife Service. This report outlines recent history of RRSF payment levels. It examines the RRSF and describes how the fund differs in its treatment of reserved and acquired lands under the jurisdiction of FWS. The report also examines the Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program in detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and Private Property

The Endangered Species Act and Private Property

Date: March 7, 1993
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: If the 103rd Congress embarks upon an effort to reauthorize the Endangered Species Act (ESA), it will run into an old acquaintance: the property rights issue. As now written, the ESA has at least the potential to curtail property rights (whatever its actual impact as implemented may be). This report explores the legal repercussions of those impacts, especially whether they constitute takings of property under the fifth amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization

Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization

Date: March 3, 1992
Creator: Eig, Larry M.
Description: U.S. citizenship is conferred at birth under the principle of jus soli (nationality of place of birth) and the principle of jus sanguinis (nationality of parents). The U.S. Constitution states as a fundamental rule of jus soli citizenship that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." The exceptions to universal citizenship comprehended by the requirement that a person be born "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" include: (1) children born to a foreign sovereign or accredited diplomatic official; (2) children born on a foreign public vessel, such as a warship; (3) children born to an alien enemy in hostile occupation; and (4) native Indians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Date: March 29, 1993
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: For at least 15 years Members of Congress have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have closed? For at least 15 years they have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have relocated abroad, and where have they gone? For at least 15 years the answer has been: For the most part, those questions can't be answered, based on Government data. How many plants are moving to Mexico? What industries and what States are the plants from? How many U.S. workers are losing their jobs as a result? It appears that still, after two legislative attempts to mandate collection of these data, the Government publishes no counts of U.S. plant closings, and almost no information on plant relocations. Options for strengthening the data systems include addressing three main weaknesses: inadequate data program design, a plant closing definition that misses its mark, and publication of partial instead of complete survey results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Son of Sam" Case: Legislative Implications

The "Son of Sam" Case: Legislative Implications

Date: November 30, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: In Simon & Schuster, Inc. v. Members of the new York State Crime Victims Board, the U.S. Supreme Court held that New York State's "Son of Sam" law was inconsistent with the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech and press. This report examines the Supreme Court decision and then considers whether its rationale renders the federal law unconstitutional. Concluding that it likely does, the report considers whether it would be possible to enact a constitutional Son-of-Sam statute. Finally, the report takes note of some state Son-of-Sam statutes that have been enacted since the Supreme Court decision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq-Kuwait: United Nations Security Council Resolutions Test and Votes -- 1991

Iraq-Kuwait: United Nations Security Council Resolutions Test and Votes -- 1991

Date: October 25, 1991
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report lists the 12 adopted United Nations Security Council resolutions relating to the Iraq-Kuwait situation through October 1991. The texts of these resolutions, along with the votes by members of the Council, are included in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Looming Bank Crisis: A Half Trillion Dollars in Non-Performing Loans?

Japan's Looming Bank Crisis: A Half Trillion Dollars in Non-Performing Loans?

Date: August 19, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Natural Resources: Assessing Nonmarket Values through Contingent Valuation

Natural Resources: Assessing Nonmarket Values through Contingent Valuation

Date: June 21, 1999
Creator: Breedlove, Joseph & Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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