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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2002
 Month: July
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Auditing and Its Regulators: Proposals for Reform After Enron

Auditing and Its Regulators: Proposals for Reform After Enron

Date: July 16, 2002
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: Auditors are regulated by both governmental agencies and professional organizations, though many now question whether this oversight is adequate. Enron’s auditor, Arthur Andersen, has been investigated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), several congressional committees, and other agencies, and it is facing numerous law suits. A federal jury convicted the firm on obstruction of justice charges on June 15, 2002. Other corporations and their auditors are also under scrutiny. Numerous accounting and audit reforms have been proposed, including some by the accounting industry. The House passed an audit reform bill (H.R. 3763) on April 24, 2002. The Senate passed an amended version of its bill (S. 2673) on July 15th. The SEC published proposed reform rules June 26th; on the 28th it required top executives in companies with revenues exceeding $1.2 billion to personally certify that filed reports are complete and accurate
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Auditing and Its Regulators: Proposals for Reform After Enron

Auditing and Its Regulators: Proposals for Reform After Enron

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: Auditors are regulated by both governmental agencies and professional organizations, though many now question whether this oversight is adequate. Enron’s auditor, Arthur Andersen, has been investigated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), several congressional committees, and other agencies, and it is facing numerous law suits. A federal jury convicted the firm on obstruction of justice charges on June 15, 2002. Other corporations and their auditors are also under scrutiny. Numerous accounting and audit reforms have been proposed, including some by the accounting industry. The House passed an audit reform bill (H.R. 3763) on April 24, 2002. The Senate passed an amended version of its bill (S. 2673) on July 15th. The SEC published proposed reform rules June 26th; on the 28th it required top executives in companies with revenues exceeding $1.2 billion to personally certify that filed reports are complete and accurate
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bankruptcy Reform Legislation in the 107th Congress: A Comparison of H.R. 333 As Passed by the House and the Senate

Bankruptcy Reform Legislation in the 107th Congress: A Comparison of H.R. 333 As Passed by the House and the Senate

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: H.R. 333, 107th Congress, 1st Sess. (2001), the “Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2001” and its counterpart in the Senate, S. 220, 107th Congress, 1st Sess. (2001), the “Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2001” were introduced on January 31, 2001. So far, the 107th Congress has demonstrated widespread support for the bills evidenced by the votes. Although President Bush is expected to sign bankruptcy reform into law, the White House has indicated that a bankruptcy bill that contains a federal homestead cap may be unacceptable. This report surveys the bills and the major amendments that have been adopted. It provides a sectional analysis comparing selected provisions, with an emphasis on consumer bankruptcy.
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The Enron Collapse: An Overview of Financial Issues

The Enron Collapse: An Overview of Financial Issues

Date: July 24, 2002
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report briefly examines the accounting system that failed to provide a clear picture of the firm’s true condition, the independent auditors and board members who were unwilling to challenge Enron’s management, the Wall Street stock analysts and bond raters who missed the trouble ahead, the rules governing employer stock in company pension plans, and the unregulated energy derivatives trading that was the core of Enron’s business. The report also describes related legislation that has received floor or committee action and will be updated regularly.
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Mergers and Consolidation Between Banking and Financial Services Firms: Trends and Prospects

Mergers and Consolidation Between Banking and Financial Services Firms: Trends and Prospects

Date: July 2, 2002
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auditing and Accounting Reform Proposals: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Auditing and Accounting Reform Proposals: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: July 17, 2002
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: This report compares the major provisions of three auditor and accounting reform proposals: two versions of H.R. 3763 (as passed by the House on April 24, 2002, and by the Senate on July 15, 2002), and proposed rules that the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) published on June 26th under its existing authority. H.R. 3763, in its House and Senate versions, and the SEC proposal seek to restore confidence in corporate reporting by enhancing the oversight of financial accounting. All three proposals would create a new oversight body to regulate independent auditors (whose certification the law requires to be affixed to the annual reports of all publicly traded corporations).
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Comparison of Two Key Provisions in the Bankruptcy Reform Act Conference Report: The Homestead Exemption and Dischargeability of Liability for Abortion Clinic Violence

Comparison of Two Key Provisions in the Bankruptcy Reform Act Conference Report: The Homestead Exemption and Dischargeability of Liability for Abortion Clinic Violence

Date: July 30, 2002
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines two provisions in the Conference Report on the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2002, H.R. 107-617, 107th Cong., 2d Sess. (2002): the homestead exemption and dischargeability of liability for abortion clinic violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002: A Side-by-Side Comparison of House, Senate, and Conference Versions

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002: A Side-by-Side Comparison of House, Senate, and Conference Versions

Date: July 26, 2002
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Deposit and Share Insurance: Proposals for Change

Federal Deposit and Share Insurance: Proposals for Change

Date: July 15, 2002
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress

Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: July 31, 2002
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform

Social Security Reform

Date: July 15, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Taxation of Benefits

Social Security: Taxation of Benefits

Date: July 9, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: Economic Issues

Social Security Reform: Economic Issues

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G & Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Auditing and Accounting Regulation: Key SEC Powers

Auditing and Accounting Regulation: Key SEC Powers

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: Key auditing and accounting reform legislation, S. 2673 (Sarbanes), and H.R. 3763 (Oxley), and proposals for auditor oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) have been launched to help restore public confidence in a system of corporate financial accounting tainted by accounting fiascos at companies like Enron, Tyco, and Worldcom. This report provides background on significant current SEC regulatory powers in the area of accounting and auditing. It will be updated if there are changes in SEC authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employer Stock in Retirement Plans: Investment Risk and Retirement Security

Employer Stock in Retirement Plans: Investment Risk and Retirement Security

Date: July 12, 2002
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: This CRS Report begins by describing the shift from traditional defined benefit pensions to defined contribution plans – like the 401(k) – that has occurred over the last 20 to 25 years. It then summarizes recent research findings on the extent to which employees’ retirement savings are invested in employer stock. The third section of the report outlines the provisions of federal law that define an employer’s duty to manage its retirement plan in the best interest of the plan’s participants. The report concludes with a summary of pension reform legislation passed by the House of Representatives in April 2002 and a description of several pension reform bills that have been introduced in the Senate in 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department