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 Country: Pakistan
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: October 7, 2010
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms. The report addresses these issues as well, in addition to the U.S.-Pakistan relationship as it regards nuclear policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the recent widespread flooding in Pakistan, which has affected about 20 million Pakistanis. U.S. interest in the flooding stems from the significant humanitarian and economic implications for Pakistan, and the security implications for U.S. interests in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security and the Environment in Pakistan

Security and the Environment in Pakistan

Date: August 3, 2010
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce; Carter, Nicole T.; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Johnson, Renée
Description: This report focuses on the nexus between security and environmental concerns in Pakistan that have the potential to affect American security and foreign policy interests. The report examines the potentially destabilizing effect that, when combined with Pakistan's demographic trends and limited economic development, water scarcity, limited arable land, and food security may have on an already radicalized internal and destabilized international political security environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments

Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments

Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report reviews key current issues and developments in Pakistan and in U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: February 23, 2010
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms. The report addresses these issues as well, in addition to the U.S.-Pakistan relationship as it regards nuclear policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2011

Direct Overt U.S. Aid and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2011

Date: February 16, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Aid and military reimbursements made to Pakistan from 2002-2011. The list is divided by agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report describes the organizations controlling research and development (R&D) on nuclear weapons in several nations, and presents a brief history of the organizations controlling nuclear weapons R&D in the United States. It discusses whether these organizations are civilian or military, though in many nations the lines between civilian and military are blurred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R. 1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R. 1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses legislation related to the Pakistan Enduring Assistance and Cooperation Enhancement Act (H.R. 1886), the Afghanistan-Pakistan Security and Prosperity Enhancement Act (H.R. 1318), and the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 (H.R. 2410). It also discusses the Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones Act (S. 496).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: September 28, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: July 30, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R. 1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R. 1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Date: July 9, 2009
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses legislation related to the Pakistan Enduring Assistance and Cooperation Enhancement Act (H.R. 1886), the Afghanistan-Pakistan Security and Prosperity Enhancement Act (H.R. 1318), and the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 (H.R. 2410). It also discusses the Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones Act (S. 496). The report also discusses how this legislation represents a political and symbolic importance for U.S. relationships with Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R.1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZs), H.R. 1318/H.R.1886/H.R. 2410 and S. 496: Issues and Arguments

Date: June 18, 2009
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses legislation related to the Pakistan Enduring Assistance and Cooperation Enhancement Act (H.R. 1886), the Afghanistan-Pakistan Security and Prosperity Enhancement Act (H.R. 1318), and the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 (H.R. 2410). It also discusses the Afghanistan and Pakistan Reconstruction Opportunity Zones Act (S. 496). The report also discusses how this legislation represents a political and symbolic importance for U.S. relationships with Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2009 Spring Supplemental Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations

FY2009 Spring Supplemental Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations

Date: June 15, 2009
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Tarnoff, Curt; Margesson, Rhoda; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Kronstadt, K. Alan et al.
Description: This report discusses the White House's request for supplemental appropriations that include funding for defense, foreign affairs, and domestic fire fighting. The report details the different programs and areas that the appropriations would fund, including operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, preparedness and emergency management measures relating to the swine flu outbreak, border security between the United States and Mexico, benchmark assessment in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and other general defense operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: A brief listing of major arms sales and grants made to Pakistan since 2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2009 Spring Supplemental Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations

FY2009 Spring Supplemental Appropriations for Overseas Contingency Operations

Date: May 5, 2009
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Tarnoff, Curt; Kronstadt, K. Alan et al.
Description: This report discusses the White House's request for supplemental appropriations that include funding for defense, foreign affairs, and domestic fire fighting. The report details the different programs and areas that the appropriations would fund, including operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, preparedness and emergency management measures relating to the swine flu outbreak, border security between the United States and Mexico, benchmark assessment in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and other general defense operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2009

Direct Overt U.S. Aid and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2009

Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Aid and military reimbursements made to Pakistan from 2002-2009. The list is divided by agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan; Kan, Shirley A.; Kerr, Paul K.; Migdalovitz, Carol; Mix, Derek E.; Nikitin, Mary Beth et al.
Description: As an aid to Congress in understanding nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation, and arms control matters, this report describes which agency is responsible for research and development (R&D) of nuclear weapons (i.e., nuclear explosive devices, as distinct from the bombers and missiles that deliver them) in the nine nations with nuclear weapons and whether these agencies are civilian or military. It also traces the history of such agencies in the United States from 1942 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. A.
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's capital crisis. In the autumn of 2008, Pakistan was in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The elected government of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani sought short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islamist Militancy in the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border Region and U.S. Policy

Islamist Militancy in the Pakistan-Afghanistan Border Region and U.S. Policy

Date: November 21, 2008
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Increasing militant activity in western Pakistan poses three key national security threats: an increased potential for major attacks against the United States itself; a growing threat to Pakistani stability; and a hindrance of U.S. efforts to stabilize Afghanistan. This report addresses this issue at length. It also describes the recent upsurge of militant activity on the Pakistani side of the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, as well as the general political climates of Pakistan and Afghanistan and their relationships with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 21, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The Pakistani government is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The elected government of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department