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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
General and Flag Officers in the U.S. Armed Forces: Background and Considerations for Congress

General and Flag Officers in the U.S. Armed Forces: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Description: This report provides an overview of active duty general and flag officers (GFOs) in the United States Armed Forces-- including authorizations, duties, and compensation--historical trends in the proportion of GFOs relative to the total force, criticisms and justifications of GFO to total force proportions, and statutory controls. National Guard and Reserve GFOs are not addressed in this report, unless they are serving on active duty in a manner that counts against the active duty caps on GFOs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC): In Brief

The Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC): In Brief

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report describes the eligibility criteria for the Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC) and the types of health insurance to which the tax credit may be applied. The tax credit's purpose is to make the purchase of health insurance more affordable for eligible individuals. The HCTC has a sunset date of January 1, 2020. The report also briefly describes the administration of the HCTC program and receipt of the credit by eligible taxpayers; it concludes with a summary of the HCTC's statutory history.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Maguire, Steven & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report addresses several options considered by Congress to address the financing needs of local communities for wastewater and drinking water infrastructure projects and to decrease or close the gap between available funds and projected needs. Possible options include expanding or modifying current programs, establishing long-term revenue to support programs, or encouraging private participation in financing projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recovery Act Funding for DOE Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Projects

Recovery Act Funding for DOE Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Projects

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses current legislation regarding the potential of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) as a mitigation strategy for lowering global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). Congress has appropriated more than $7 billion since FY2008 to CCS activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report provides background information on many of the type of operations engaged in the U.S. local and regional food system. A wide range of farm businesses are involved in local foods, such as direct-to-consumer marketing, farmers' markets, farm-to-school programs, community-supported agriculture,6 community gardens, school gardens, food hubs and market aggregators, kitchen incubators, and mobile slaughter units. This report also highlights some of the available resources within existing federal programs administered by USDA and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Argueta, Carla N. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deficits and Debt: Economic Effects and Other Issues

Deficits and Debt: Economic Effects and Other Issues

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A.
Description: This report explores distinctions in the concept and composition of deficits and debt, explains how these two measures interact, and discusses their possible effects on the economy. The combination of persistent budget deficits and a large and increasing federal debt has generated discussions over the long-term sustainability of current budget projections. Federal debt totaled $18.922 trillion at the end of calendar year 2015, and as a percentage of GDP is at its highest value since the end of World War II; $13.673 trillion of that debt was held by the public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department