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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Funding for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CSS) at DOE: In Brief

Funding for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CSS) at DOE: In Brief

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses current legislation regarding the potential of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) as a mitigation strategy for lowering global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). Congress has appropriated more than $7 billion since FY2008 to CCS activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report discusses an analysis of publicly available information on homegrown violent jihadist activity in the United States since September 11, 2001, which suggests that the Islamic State (IS) and its acolytes may pose broad challenges to domestic law enforcement and homeland security efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP): Issues in Brief

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses the responsibility of four federal agencies for long-term earthquake risk reduction under the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Congress has not introduced legislation in the 114th Congress that addresses the NEHRP program directly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Europe following recent incidences of terrorism. The report also addresses potential policy responses and challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate program, a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs. Congress's decisions on the LCS/Frigate program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). Congress's decisions on these three programs could substantially affect Coast Guard capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Contested Presidential Nominating Conventions: Brief Background and Questions

Contested Presidential Nominating Conventions: Brief Background and Questions

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report briefly addresses selected questions about possible contested Democratic and Republican conventions that might be relevant as Members of Congress prepare for the 2016 election.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses current issues regarding the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which is an independent federal agency charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background information on sexual violence on campus and its prevalence, descriptions of the Clery Act and Title IX, and an analysis of prominent policy and legal issues related to these two statutes. It also includes a brief description of a related third statute focused on educational privacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses several programs offered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to help farmers recover financially from natural disasters, including drought and floods. Most programs receive funding amounts that are "such sums as necessary" and are not subject to annual discretionary appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly discusses the Islamic State's attempts to expand its influence in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) program. Decisions that Congress makes on procurement of Virginia-class boats could substantially affect U.S. Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Margesson, Rhoda & Chesser, Susan G.
Description: This report discusses the difficulties of collecting war-related casualty data in Iraq and Syria and provides an overview of some of the current estimated figures available through selected organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Intelligence Community: Selected Cross-Cutting Issues

The U.S. Intelligence Community: Selected Cross-Cutting Issues

Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Description: This report focuses on cross-cutting management issues that affect the Intelligence Community's (IC's) ability to counter "pervasive and emerging threats" to the United States and balance resources both appropriately and wisely. The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is charged with integrating the community of intelligence agencies so that they operate effectively as one team.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: April 7, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board and the Security Council.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: Brazil is in the midst of deepening economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly. This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines developments in U.S. policy restricting travel and remittances to Cuba, including significant changes that have occurred, current permissible travel and remittances, enforcement of the travel restrictions, and debate on lifting the travel restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding Municipal Broadband, which is controversial because it involves governmental entities entering a commercial telecommunications marketplace that had previously been the exclusive domain of private sector providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peru: Politics, Economy, and Elections in Brief

Peru: Politics, Economy, and Elections in Brief

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides an overview of Peru's political, economic, and security conditions and of U.S.-Peruvian relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Crude Oil Exports to International Destinations

U.S. Crude Oil Exports to International Destinations

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Description: This report discusses the export of crude oil produced in the United States and policy considerations in the wake of a provision contained in P.L. 114-113 which repealed a 40-year prohibition on the export.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department