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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 14661 - 14684 of 38,764
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U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: This report reviews the U.S. automotive industry at present, aspects of the industry's financial situation, and relief options. It includes an analysis of the current situation in the U.S. automotive market, including efforts to address problems of long-term competitiveness and the impact of the industry on the broader U.S. economy. It focuses on financial issues, including credit questions, and legal and financial aspects of government-offered loans or loan guarantees. This further includes consideration of legacy issues, specifically pension and health care responsibilities of the Detroit 3. It also reviews potential solutions to the financial crisis, including options of government receivership and participation management, and various forms of bankruptcy. Finally, the report reviews stipulations that Congress might impose on auto manufacturers as conditions of providing assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA’s Authority to Ensure That Drugs Prescribed to Children Are Safe and Effective

FDA’s Authority to Ensure That Drugs Prescribed to Children Are Safe and Effective

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Description: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved for adult use many drugs never tested in children. Yet clinicians often prescribe them for children believing that the safety and effectiveness demonstrated with adults probably reasonably transfers to younger patients. The data show that this is not always true. To encourage industry to develop drugs and medical devices for pediatric use, Congress has established three programs. The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA, P.L. 110-85) reauthorized and strengthened two laws addressing drugs—the Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act (BPCA) of 2002 and the Pediatric Research Equity Act (PREA) of 2003—and enacted a new law addressing devices—the Pediatric Medical Device Safety and Improvement Act (PMDSIA) of 2007. The historical approach of this report allows an understanding of how and why Congress took these steps.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Over the past few years, the media have been filled with reports about worksite enforcement operations, commonly referred to as immigration raids. These operations represent the public face of efforts by the Department of Homeland Security to curtail the employment of unauthorized immigrants. According to 2006 estimates, there are some 7.8 million unauthorized workers in the U.S. civilian workforce. Enforcement activity by the Department of Labor (DOL) is also relevant to a discussion of federal efforts to curtail unauthorized employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Severe Thunderstorms and Tornadoes in the United States

Severe Thunderstorms and Tornadoes in the United States

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title IX, Sex Discrimination, and Intercollegiate Athletics: A Legal Overview

Title IX, Sex Discrimination, and Intercollegiate Athletics: A Legal Overview

Date: December 2, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Fine Particulate Matter (PM25): Designating Nonattainment Areas)

2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Fine Particulate Matter (PM25): Designating Nonattainment Areas)

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report looks at strategies to help deal with the following risks: longevity, investment, inflation, and unexpected events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report discusses risks involved with retirement fund disbursement and strategies for dealing with such risks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Covert Action: Legislative Background and Possible Policy Questions

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: This report examines the statutory procedures governing covert action and associated questions to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investment and National Security: Economic Considerations

Foreign Investment and National Security: Economic Considerations

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

The Global Financial Crisis: The Role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonforeign Cost-of-Living Allowances and Possible Transition to Locality Pay

Nonforeign Cost-of-Living Allowances and Possible Transition to Locality Pay

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of the nonforeign COLA and locality pay programs; identifies and describes potential changes to the existing nonforeign COLA system, including the possibility of instituting locality pay; and analyzes the potential effects of keeping the existing system or adopting a nonforeign COLA phase-out plan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Confirmation Process: A Brief Overview

Senate Confirmation Process: A Brief Overview

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Manual: A Guide to Its Contents

Senate Manual: A Guide to Its Contents

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA): What Is It, and How Has It Been Utilized?

Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA): What Is It, and How Has It Been Utilized?

Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: This report discusses the provisions of multilateral and bilateral agreements addressing the status of U.S. armed forces abroad, which are commonly referred to as Status of Force Agreements (SOFA), and provides a survey of current SOFAs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army’s Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army’s Future Combat System (FCS): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: November 28, 2008
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters and Developed Versus Developing Nations

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters and Developed Versus Developing Nations

Date: November 28, 2008
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John
Description: This report uses the data compiled by World Resources Institute (WRI) to examine a pivotal and long-running issue surrounding U.S. climate change policy: the appropriate roles of developed and developing countries in addressing climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department