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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 14111 - 14120 of 18,969
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Digital Television: An Overview

Digital Television: An Overview

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G
Description: Digital television (DTV) is a new television service representing the most significant development in television technology since the advent of color television in the 1950s. DTV can provide sharper pictures, a wider screen, CD-quality sound, better color rendition, and other new services currently being developed. A successful deployment of DTV requires: the development by content providers of compelling digital programming; the delivery of digital signals to consumers by broadcast television stations, as well as cable and satellite television systems; and the widespread purchase and adoption by consumers of digital television equipment. A key issue in the Congressional debate over the digital transition has been addressing the millions of American over-the-air households whose existing analog televisions will require converter boxes in order to receive digital signals when the analog signal is turned off.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
District of Columbia: Issues in the 108th Congress

District of Columbia: Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report provides an overview of District of Columbia-related policy and funding issues of interest to Congress. The United States Constitution gives Congress exclusive legislative authority over the affairs of the District of Columbia. As a result, the 108th Congress may debate a number of funding, governance, and constitutional issues affecting the District of Columbia, including approval of the city’s budget, enactment of a general federal payment, budget autonomy for the city, and voting representation in Congress. In addition, Congress will consider whether to continue to include in the District’s appropriations bills for FY2003 and FY2004, a number of controversial general provisions that District officials claim infringe on the principles of home rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of  the Court Decisions

The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of the Court Decisions

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Environmental Protection Agency's FY2003 Budget

The Environmental Protection Agency's FY2003 Budget

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: On April 9, 2001, the President requested $7.3 billion in discretionary budget authority for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for FY2002, $512.0 million (or 7%) less than the FY2001 funding level of $7.8 billion. The request would not have continued funding of about $500 million for activities earmarked for FY2001, and contained provisions shifting more enforcement responsibilities to the states. Popular wastewater infrastructure funding, state roles, and the future of Superfund were some of the predominant topics. On July 17, the House Appropriations Committee recommended $7.545 billion,$229 million more than requested (H.R. 2620, H. Rept. 107-159).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: This report discusses the Export-Import Bank (Ex-In Bank), the chief U.S. government agency that helps finance American exports of manufactured goods and services with the objective of contributing to the employment of U.S. workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Budget Documents: Internet Access and GPO Availability

FY2004 Budget Documents: Internet Access and GPO Availability

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Murray, Justin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Cloning

Human Cloning

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department