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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 13941 - 13950 of 18,524
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Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D; Copeland, Claudia & Fischer, John W
Description: A fluid definition of what constitutes a critical infrastructure could complicate policymaking and actions. At the very least, a growing list of infrastructures in need of protection will require the federal government to prioritize its efforts. Essentially the federal government will have to try to minimize the impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure of any future terrorist attack, taking into account what those impacts might be and the likelihood of their occurring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic and Revenue Effects of Permanent and Temporary Capital Gains Tax Cuts

Economic and Revenue Effects of Permanent and Temporary Capital Gains Tax Cuts

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Recent proposals have been made to enact either a temporary or a permanent capital gains tax cut. The former would probably gain revenue in the first 2 years but lose that revenue and more, most likely within the following 3 years. H.R. 3090, passed by the House, would lower the top tax rate from 20% to 18% for assets held at least a year. The Senate Finance Committee version of H.R. 3090, does not reduce capital gains taxes. A capital gains tax cut appears the least likely of any permanent tax cut to stimulate the economy in the short run; a temporary capital gains tax cut is unlikely to provide any stimulus. Permanently lower capital gains taxes can contribute to economic efficiency in some ways and detract from it in others. Capital gains tax cuts would favor high income individuals, with about 80% of the benefit going to the top 2% of taxpayers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Economic Issues Surrounding the Estate and Gift Tax: A Brief Summary

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Supporters of the estate and gift tax argue that it provides progressivity in the federal tax system, provides a backstop to the individual income tax and appropriately targets assets that are bestowed on heirs rather than assets earned through their hard work and effort. However, progressivity can be obtained through the income tax and the estate and gift tax is an imperfect backstop to the income tax. Critics argue that the tax discourages savings, harms small businesses and farms, taxes resources already subject to income taxes, and adds to the complexity of the tax system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India-U.S. Relations

India-U.S. Relations

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy

Iran: Current Developments and U.S. Policy

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq War? Current Situation and Issues for Congress

Iraq War? Current Situation and Issues for Congress

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department