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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the funding for development of Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC). The Marines are required by law to have the necessary equipment to conduct amphibious operations and land operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Death of Justice Scalia: Procedural Issues Arising on an Eight-Member Supreme Court

The Death of Justice Scalia: Procedural Issues Arising on an Eight-Member Supreme Court

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Nolan, Andrew
Description: This report provides an overview of the Supreme Court's procedural rules and requirements when the Court is staffed with fewer than nine members. It includes an overview of the Court's quorum requirements, rehearing procedures, and vote count practices, with a focus on how the Court has traditionally responded to a change of composition during a term. The report concludes by highlighting over a dozen cases from the current term that could result in an evenly divided Supreme Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the key issues for Congress related to Egypt and U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. The United States has provided significant military and economic assistance to Egypt since the late 1970s. U.S. policymakers are now debating complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations, and these debates and events in Egypt are shaping consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history of the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA) and an overview of recent developments, including funding levels. It also analyzes actual SOPOEA spending patterns in selected years. The allowance is provided on a fiscal year basis (i.e., October 1-September 30) in the annual legislative branch appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade balance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) in Federal Health Programs

The Use of Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) in Federal Health Programs

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Davis, Patricia A.; Fernandez, Bernadette; Mach, Annie L. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report explores how modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is defined differently across health programs such as Medicare, the health insurance exchanges under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and Medicaid. It also discusses why MAGI is used, and how it is applied, specific to each program. The report covers that MAGI is used to determine (1) penalty amounts owed if a person does not comply with the individual mandate or whether an individual is exempt from the individual mandate; (2) eligibility for and the amount of a premium credit to purchase coverage through a health insurance exchange; and (3) Medicaid income eligibility for certain populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), which is the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues

Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the rationale for the prompt global strike (PGS) mission and the possible deployment of conventional warheads on long-range ballistic missiles or boost-glide systems in support of this mission. It then reviews the Air Force and Navy efforts to develop these systems. It summarizes congressional reaction to these proposals, then provides a more detailed account of the issues raised by these concepts and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: The first section of this report addresses the pre-BCA (Budget Control Act) funding mechanism for major disaster declarations, including the role of the President's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). Next, this report provides a basic overview of how that funding mechanism has evolved under the BCA, and how Hurricane Sandy was addressed under that mechanism. Finally, the report explores a number of other issues pertinent to disaster relief funding in the BCA-regulated environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report discusses the budget reconciliation process that has been one of the chief tools used by Congress during the period covering from 1980 to the present to implement major changes in budget policy. Following a brief overview of the budget reconciliation process, this report provides information on the timing of House and Senate action on reconciliation measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department