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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

Date: July 13, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act (DRIVE Act; S. 1647). The DRIVE Act would authorize $278 billion for a six-year federal highway program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries

Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Comay, Laura B. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report discusses policies regarding the display of the Confederate Flag at national cemeteries. If a state observes a Confederate Memorial Day, NPS cemeteries in the state may permit a sponsoring group to decorate the graves of Confederate veterans with small Confederate flags. Additionally, according to the National Park Service (NPS) reference manual, such flags may also be displayed on the nationally observed Memorial Day, to accompany the U.S. flag on the graves of Confederate veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. The report begins by providing a brief overview of the constitutional principles informing the relationship between federal immigration authorities and state and local jurisdictions, including the federal government's power to preempt state and local activities under the Supremacy Clause, and the Tenth Amendment's proscription against Congress directly "commandeering" the states to administer a federally enacted regulatory scheme.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Use of the Annual Appropriations Process to Block Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (FY2011-FY2016)

Use of the Annual Appropriations Process to Block Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (FY2011-FY2016)

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Redhead, C. S. & Cornell, Ada S.
Description: Congress remains deeply divided over implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), the health reform law enacted in March 2010. Since the ACA's enactment, lawmakers opposed to specific provisions in the ACA or the entire law have repeatedly debated its implementation and considered bills to repeal, defund, delay, or otherwise amend the law. This report summarizes the ACA-related language added to annual appropriations legislation by congressional appropriators since the ACA was signed into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Torsell, Carolyn V. & Nagel, Jared C.
Description: This report is designed to assist Members of Congress and their staff as they address the needs of their states, communities, and constituents after a disaster. It includes a summary of federal programs that provide federal disaster assistance to individual survivors, states, territories, local governments, and nongovernmental entities following a natural or man-made disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Daugherty Miles, Anne
Description: This report briefly summarizes what constituted Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EITs), provides background on their adoption and use, and discusses differing views on three questions that underpin discussion and debate of this topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform in the 114th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Tax Reform in the 114th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report provides background information regarding tax reform and discusses ways to make the U.S. tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It is intended to serve as a quick reference to provide easy access to information and data. This report does not provide information on TANF program rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that CBO issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 6: The 21st Century Cures Act

H.R. 6: The 21st Century Cures Act

Date: July 8, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.; Thaul, Susan & Bagalman, Erin
Description: Report about H.R. 6, the 21st Century Cures Act, which would reauthorize the National Institutes of Health (NIH) through FY2018 and provide other funding to the agency through FY2020.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department