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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission
The 9/11 Commission issued several recommendations designed to strengthen aviation security by: enhancing passenger pre-screening; improving measures to detect explosives on passengers; addressing human factors issues at screening checkpoints; expediting deployment of in-line baggage screening systems; intensifying efforts to identify, track, and screen potentially dangerous cargo; and deploying hardened cargo containers on passenger aircraft. In addition to these specific recommendations, an overarching recommendation for transportation security policy asserts that priorities should be set based on risk, and the most practical and cost effective deterrents should be implemented assigning appropriate roles and missions to federal, state, and local authorities, as well as private stakeholders. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6082/
Potential Military Use of Airships and Aerostats
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6088/
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9657/
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9654/
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5897/
Sensitive Security Information and Transportation Security: Issues and Congressional Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5929/
Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7372/
Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues
This report provides background on the linkage between U.S. agriculture and the UMR-IWW navigation system. In addition, it explores several of the key issues and uncertainties behind evolving trade patterns and projections for future agricultural freight traffic on the UMR-IWW navigation system. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9084/
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6083/
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10048/
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
This issue brief discusses the increasing attention being paid to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles, the proponents of which point to their potential to improve urban air quality, decrease dependence on foreign oil, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The brief also discusses the major barriers currently preventing widespread use of such technologies, and discusses these technologies in the particular contexts of the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8723/
Aviation Security: Issues Before Congress Since September 11, 2001
The events of September 11, 2001 heightened concerns regarding aviation security in the United States. The ensuing debate in Congress focused on the degree of federal involvement needed to improve aviation security and restore public confidence in air travel. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA, P.L. 107-71, 115 Stat. 597) established the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and contained provisions establishing a federal screener workforce and requiring screening of checked baggage using explosive detection systems. In November 2004, airports will be eligible to opt out of the federal security screening program and a provision of P.L. 107-296 preserving TSA in its present form will expire allowing DHS to restructure the TSA if it so chooses, although no such plan has been revealed to date. During the second session of the 108th Congress, oversight of TSA’s plans for implementing the security screening opt-out program will likely be of considerable interest as will any plans to restructure the TSA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6121/
Pipeline Security: An Overview of Federal Activities and Current Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5878/
Sensitive Security Information (SSI) and Transportation Security: Background and Controversies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5931/
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues
This report discusses three major vehicle technologies — electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles — as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance. The report also discusses key legislation in the 108th Congress, as well as federal, state, and local activity relevant to these technologies. This report will be updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10035/
Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7376/
Arming Pilots Against Terrorism: Implementation Issues for the Federal Flight Deck Officer Program
The report discusses the issues regarding the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135), which contains provisions to arm pilots of passenger aircraft and gives deputized pilots the authority to use force, including lethal force, to defend the flight deck against criminal and terrorist threats. The report includes the legislative Background, implementation issues, equipment, training, operational procedures and costs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6080/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5044/
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5040/
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5619/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3788/
Weapons of Mass Destruction Counterproliferation: Legal Issues for Ships and Aircraft
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5698/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3787/
Appropriations for FY2004: Transportation, Treasury, Postal Service, Executive Office of the President, General Government, and Related Agencies
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This Report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury and Independent Agencies of the House Committee on Appropriations the Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury and General Government of the Senate Committee on Appropriations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4624/
Federal Railroad Safety Program and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5609/
Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5615/
Air Cargo Security
The air cargo system is vulnerable to several security threats, including: potential plots to place explosives aboard aircraft; illegal shipments of hazardous materials; criminal activities such as smuggling and theft; and potential hijackings and sabotage by persons with access to aircraft. This report discusses legislative efforts currently underway to improve air cargo system security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5620/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3786/
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5623/
Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5048/
Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5614/
Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5613/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds,AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3785/
Federal Railroad Safety Program and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5608/
Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5047/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3784/
The National Transportation Safety Board: Background and Issues for Reauthorization and Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4640/
Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5612/
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5622/
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4631/
Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5046/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3783/
Environmental Streamlining Provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century: Status of Implementation
At the state and local level, many observers have expressed long-standing concerns over delays, duplication of effort, and additional costs frequently associated with the environmental review process for highway projects that must be completed under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA, P.L. 91-190). To address these concerns, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA21, P.L. 105-178), enacted in 1998, requires the Federal Highway Administration(FHWA) to streamline the environmental review process for highway projects. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4141/
Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5045/
Appropriations for FY2004: Transportation, Treasury, Postal Service, Executive Office of the President, General Government, and Related Agencies
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This Report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury and Independent Agencies of the House Committee on Appropriations the Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury and General Government of the Senate Committee on Appropriations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4623/
The National Transportation Safety Board: Background and Issues for Reauthorization and Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4639/
Intermodal Connectors: A Method For Improving Transportation Efficiency?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7711/
Federal Railroad Safety Program and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5607/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3782/
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5621/