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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1891 - 1914 of 2,259
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Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: July 2, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne & Seghetti, Lisa M
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and school violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Generalized System of Preferences

Generalized System of Preferences

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control Legislation in the 107th Congress

Gun Control Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Choice: Current Legislation

School Choice: Current Legislation

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Graney, Paul J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Legislative Issues

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Legislative Issues

Date: June 27, 2002
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managed Care and State External Review Statutes

Managed Care and State External Review Statutes

Date: June 27, 2002
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: June 26, 2002
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Program Protection Act of 2002 (H.R. 4070)

Social Security Program Protection Act of 2002 (H.R. 4070)

Date: June 26, 2002
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Date: June 26, 2002
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Resource Conservation Title of the 2002 Farm Bill: A Comparison of New Law with Bills Passed by the House and Senate, and Prior Law

Resource Conservation Title of the 2002 Farm Bill: A Comparison of New Law with Bills Passed by the House and Senate, and Prior Law

Date: June 25, 2002
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: June 21, 2002
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Services Corporation: Basic Facts and Current Status

Legal Services Corporation: Basic Facts and Current Status

Date: June 21, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

President Bush's Proposed Medicare-Endorsed Drug Discount Card Initiative: Status and Issues

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues

Satellite Television: Provisions of SHVIA and LOCAL, and Continuing Issues

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: June 18, 2002
Creator: Hearne, Jean P & Chaikind, Hinda Ripps
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Reform: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Pension Reform: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Date: June 18, 2002
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion: Legislative Response

Abortion: Legislative Response

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Lewis, Karen J.; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Ely, Dana
Description: The primary purpose of this issue brief is to focus on the current legislative action in the 107th Congress with respect to abortion; however, understanding that legislation requires a review of the U. S. Supreme Court’s leading decisions concerning a woman’s right to choose whether to terminate her pregnancy. For a detailed discussion of the case law, see CRS Report 95-724, Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals

Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: After passing a major multi-year tax cut in Mid-2001 (which was sunsetted after ten years) and a stimulus bill in 2002, Congress is considering energy tax subsidies, tax incentives for charitable giving deductions, pension diversification in the wake of the ENRON problems, and tax shelters. The House has passed several bills that would make the multiyear tax cut permanent as well as a bill to speed up certain provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: Enacted in 1925, the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) seeks to ensure the validity and enforcement of arbitration agreements in any “maritime transaction or a contract evidencing a transaction involving commerce.” This report provides a brief legislative history of the FAA, as well as a review of selected cases that have interpreted the FAA. The report also discusses bills introduced during the 107th Congress that would amend the FAA for various purposes. Of the nine measures that have been introduced, five bills would amend the FAA to address arbitration and employment disputes. The remaining bills address arbitration in motor vehicle franchise contracts and arbitration and consumer credit contracts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act

Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department