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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Map Sources

Iraq: Map Sources

Date: November 20, 2007
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report identifies online sources for maps of Iraq, including government, library, and organizational websites. These sources have been selected on the basis of their authoritativeness and the range, quality, and uniqueness of the maps they provide. Some sources provide up-to-the-minute maps; others have been selected for their collection of historical maps. Maps of the Iraq, the Middle East, the state of Al Qaeda in Iraq, and the movement of refugees in Iraq are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: June 11, 2007
Creator: Watkins, Zina L.
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Government Information In the United States

Access to Government Information In the United States

Date: April 23, 2007
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Kolakowski, Michael W.
Description: The Constitution of the United States makes no specific allowance for any one of the co-equal branches to have access to information held by the others and contains no provision expressly establishing a procedure for, or a right of, public access to government information. Nonetheless, Congress has legislated various public access laws. These include two records access statutes — the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act — and two meetings access statutes — the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. This report provides background on the issue of government transparency and examines relevant litigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: April 16, 2007
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the federal government's role in the country's information technology (IT) research and development (R&D) activities. The government's support of IT R&D began because it had an important interest in creating computers and software that would be capable of addressing the problems and issues the government needed to solve and study.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Spending: Public Disclosure Issues

Intelligence Spending: Public Disclosure Issues

Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: Best, Jr., Richard A. & Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report describes the constituent parts of the intelligence budget, past practice in handling intelligence authorizations and appropriations, the arguments that have been advanced for and against making intelligence spending totals public, a legal analysis of these issues, and a review of the implications of post-Cold War developments on the question. It also describes past congressional interest in keeping intelligence spending totals secret.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: February 5, 2007
Creator: Watkins, Zina L.
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Record: Its Production, Distribution, and Accessibility

Congressional Record: Its Production, Distribution, and Accessibility

Date: October 27, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report briefly discusses how the Congressional Record is created and distributed. The Congressional Record is the most widely recognized published account of the debates and activities in Congress and it often reflects the intent of Congress in enacting legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Security-Related Information

Protection of Security-Related Information

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Tatelman, Todd B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Amendments: 109th Congress

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Amendments: 109th Congress

Date: September 22, 2006
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: Enacted in 1966, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) was designed to enable any person -- individual or corporate, regardless of citizenship -- to request, without explanation or justification, presumptive access to existing, identifiable, unpublished, executive branch agency records on any topic. The statute specified nine categories of information that may be permissibly exempted from the rule of disclosure. Disputes over the accessibility of requested records could be ultimately settled in court. The statute has become a somewhat popular tool of inquiry and information gathering for various quarters of American society. This report details the history of the Act, as well as relevant legislation and incidences and the efforts to amend the Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure: The National Asset Database

Critical Infrastructure: The National Asset Database

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The purpose of this report is to discuss the National Asset Database: what is in it, how it is populated, what the Database apparently is, what it is not, and how it is intended to be used. The report also discusses some of the issues on which Congress could focus its oversight, including appropriation bill language.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (S. 2590): Overview and Comparison with H.R. 5060

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (S. 2590): Overview and Comparison with H.R. 5060

Date: September 11, 2006
Creator: Hatch, Garrett L.
Description: In an attempt to expand oversight of federal spending, including earmarks, S. 2590 would provide the public with access to an online database containing information about entities that are awarded federal grants, loans, and contracts. This report summarizes S. 2590, compares it to H.R. 5060, and outlines the arguments in favor of the bill and those critical of it. The final section discusses the implications of using the Federal Assistance Award Data System (FAADS) and the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) to populate the bill’s proposed database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Klarman, Kim Walker
Description: This report is a guide to locating individual service records and military unit histories from the American Revolution to the present. This guide provides referral information for locating individual service records of discharged and deceased veterans. It includes information regarding locating and obtaining active service records. Also included are relevant addresses and websites of government agencies, historical associations, and a select bibliography.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Klarman, Kim Walker
Description: This report is a guide to locating individual service records and military unit histories from the American Revolution to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Military Service Records and Unit Histories: A Guide to Locating Sources

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Klarman, Kim Walker
Description: This report is a guide to locating individual service records and military unit histories from the American Revolution to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Veteran Affairs: Information Security and Information Technology Management Reorganization

Department of Veteran Affairs: Information Security and Information Technology Management Reorganization

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: On May 3, 2006, the home of a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) data analyst was burglarized, resulting in the theft of a laptop computer and an external data storage device that was reported to contain personal information on more than 26 million veterans and United States military personnel. The VA Secretary testified that he was not informed of the incident until May 16, 2006, almost two weeks after the data had been stolen. VA publicly announced the theft on May 22. On June 29, VA announced that the stolen laptop computer and external hard drive had been recovered intact and that, based on a forensic examination conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the files on the external hard drive had not been compromised.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

Date: June 14, 2006
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A
Description: The Legislative Reference Service, it was charged with responding to congressional requests for information. For more than 50 years, this department assisted Congress primarily by providing facts and publications and by transmitting research and analysis done largely by other government agencies, private organizations, and individual scholars. In 1970, Congress enacted a law transforming the Legislative Reference Service into the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and directing CRS to devote more of its efforts and increased resources to performing research and analysis that assists Congress in direct support of the legislative process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Map Sources

Iraq: Map Sources

Date: May 26, 2006
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report identifies selected websites for maps of Iraq, including government, library, and organizational websites. Maps of the Middle East, Iraq, facilities used by U.S. forces in the Gulf, and U.S. government humanitarian assistance and reconstruction activities in Iraq are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Map Sources

Iraq: Map Sources

Date: May 26, 2006
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report identifies selected websites for maps of Iraq, including government, library, and organizational websites. Maps of the Middle East, Iraq, facilities used by U.S. forces in the Gulf, and U.S. government humanitarian assistance and reconstruction activities in Iraq are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Access to Phone Calling Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities

Government Access to Phone Calling Activity and Related Records: Legal Authorities

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B; Stevens, Gina Marie & Yeh, Brian T
Description: This report summarizes statutory authorities regarding access by the Government, for either foreign intelligence or law enforcement purposes, to information related to telephone calling patterns or practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Enterprise Architecture and E-Government: Issues for Information Technology Management

Federal Enterprise Architecture and E-Government: Issues for Information Technology Management

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: This report discusses government efforts to increase efficiency. One approach being implemented to reduce duplicative spending and improve cross-agency collaboration is the use of enterprise architecture (EA) planning across the federal government. An EA serves as a blueprint of the business operations of an organization, and the information and technology needed to carry out these functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Changing Demographic Profile of the United States

The Changing Demographic Profile of the United States

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Shrestha, Laura B
Description: As noted by the Population Reference Bureau, “The U.S. is getting bigger, older, and more diverse.” The objective of this report is to highlight some of the demographic changes that have already occurred since 1950 and to illustrate how these and future trends will reshape the nation in the decades to come (through 2050). This report discusses the current and projected demographic changes if policymakers accelerate efforts to address and adapt to the changing population profile as it relates to a number of essential domains, such as work, retirement, and pensions, private wealth and income security, and the health and well-being of the aging population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Protection of Classified Information by Congress: Practices and Proposals

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Oversight of Dual-Use Biological Research: The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity

Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Sensitive but Unclassified" Information and Other Controls: Policy and Options for Scientific and Technical Information

"Sensitive but Unclassified" Information and Other Controls: Policy and Options for Scientific and Technical Information

Date: February 15, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: This report traces the evolution of "sensitive but unclassified" or SBU-related controls; summarizes actions taken to protect certain types of scientific and technical information; describes critiques of some control policies; and summarizes proposals and actions, including congressional, executive and other initiatives, to clarify these issues and develop policies that serve various stakeholders. It also raises issues that may warrant further attention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department