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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report explores various aspects of the Chinese economy, including specific policies that some Members of Congress consider a form of currency manipulation, the U.S.-China economic relationship, and the state of the Chinese economy with respect to the current global economic crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 1991; it entered into force in December 1994 and expired in December 2009. This report provides background information about the START Treaty and reviews the discussions about a possible successor to START. It also presents a range of alternatives that the United States and Russia might consider if they choose to follow START with a new framework for the arms control process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the evolving economic and strategic architectures of Asia. One part of this evolving architecture is the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: December 4, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: December 3, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Afghanistan, the purpose of which is to stabilize and reconstruct Afghanistan by combating emerging threats such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This report also discusses how the Obama Administration has made the Afghanistan conflict a policy priority, and what this stance could mean for potential future endeavors.
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Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 2, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
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Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Date: December 2, 2009
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan (calling itself Republic of China (ROC)), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lebanon: Background and U.S. Relations

Lebanon: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Addis, Casey L.
Description: This report provides an overview of Lebanese politics, recent events in Lebanon, and current issues in U.S.-Lebanon relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cooper, William H.; Manyin, Mark E. & Konishi, Weston S.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Japan, including Japanese efforts to support the U.S. in the wake of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and the two countries' economic ties, especially with regards to the recent economic downturn. This report also discusses the general political atmosphere of Japan, including the recent and ongoing political turmoil in Tokyo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Date: November 24, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the issue of U.S. economic assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the importance of continued assistance in light of U.S. national security and also various U.S.-led efforts to promote reform amongst African citizens themselves. U.S. assistance finds its way to Africa through a variety of channels, including the USAID-administered DA program, food aid programs, and indirect aid provided through international financial institutions and the United Nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: November 20, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the current status of Central Asian states and U.S. policy, which has been aimed at facilitating their cooperation with U.S. and NATO stabilization efforts in Afghanistan and their efforts to combat terrorism, proliferation, and trafficking in arms, drugs, and persons. Congress will be considering an increase in support for the programs in Central Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 20, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report addresses relevant policy questions in current U.S.-China relations, discusses trends and key legislation in the current Congress, and provides a chronology of developments and high-level exchanges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tunisia: Current Issues

Tunisia: Current Issues

Date: November 19, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the governmental structure and current political state of Tunisia, as well as additional general information regarding Tunisia's economy and dealings with terrorist groups. This report also describes the U.S.-Tunisian relationship in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: November 18, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
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Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: November 18, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report presents an overview of Qatar's history and recent economic and political developments. The report discusses U.S. relations with Qatar, U.S. military cooperation and foreign assistance, political reform and elections, as well as human rights and social issues.
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Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Date: November 18, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 1991; it entered into force in December 1994 and expired in December 2009. This report provides background information about the START Treaty and reviews the discussions about a possible successor to START. It also presents a range of alternatives that the United States and Russia might consider if they choose to follow START with a new framework for the arms control process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Venezuela: Issues in the 111th Congress

Venezuela: Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Venezuela relations, including an historical overview. It also discusses the current political conditions in Venezuela, and certain Venezuela-related concerns the 111th Congress faces, such as Venezuela's human rights situation and its deepening relations with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rise of China's Auto Industry and Its Impact on the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry

The Rise of China's Auto Industry and Its Impact on the U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry

Date: November 16, 2009
Creator: Tang, Rachel
Description: This report provides background information on China as a major auto producer and consumer, and it discusses the foreign and domestic producers in Chinese motor vehicle industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: November 16, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its founding in 1932, wields significant political and economic influence as the birthplace of the Islamic faith and by virtue of its large energy reserves. This report provides background information about Saudi Arabia and analyzes current issues in U.S.-Saudi relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Relations with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

United States Relations with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Date: November 16, 2009
Creator: Lum, Thomas; Dolven, Ben; Manyin, Mark E.; Martin, Michael F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. interests towards the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The report discusses the U.S. policy developments toward the region and policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: Issues for Congress

Colombia: Issues for Congress

Date: November 13, 2009
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report provides an overview of recent political developments in Colombia, including the administration of President Uribe (2002-2010), continuing into the election of President Juan Manuel Santos. It discusses the political issues including Colombia's longstanding conflict with internal armed groups and ongoing challenges such as human rights, demobilization and displacement, drug trends, and Colombia's regional relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department