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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides information on the 2001 World Conference Against Racism and the circumstances of U.S. withdrawal. It discusses preparations for the Durban Review Conference, including U.S. policy and reaction from other governments. It highlights possible issues for the 111th Congress, including the Review Conference preparatory process, U.S. funding of the Conference, and the political and diplomatic impact of U.S. engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Coverage of Contagious Diseases

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Coverage of Contagious Diseases

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment public services, public accommodations and services operated by private entities, transportation, and telecommunication. This report briefly discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act's statutory provisions relating to contagious diseases and relevant judicial interpretations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Crimes Act: Current Issues

The War Crimes Act: Current Issues

Date: September 25, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: March 13, 2006
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: March 13, 2006
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: The issue of women’s rights in Iraq has taken on new relevance, following the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, efforts to reconstruct Iraq, and recent elections for a Transitional National Assembly (TNA). Over the past three years, the Bush Administration has reiterated its interest in ensuring that Iraqi women participate in politics and ongoing reconstruction efforts in Iraq. There has also been a widening debate regarding the extent to which the U.S.-led reconstruction efforts have been able to enhance women’s rights in Iraq and encourage their participation in Iraq’s governing institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability

Date: March 9, 2006
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The threshold issue in any Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) case is whether the individual alleging discrimination is an individual with a disability. The ADA definition is a functional one and does not list specific disabilities. This report discusses the definition of "disability." It also briefly discusses the Supreme Court's opinions and analyze how the lower courts are interpreting the Supreme Court's holdings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques

U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques

Date: January 25, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: During his 15 years as a federal appellate judge on the Third Circuit, Judge Alito has written for the majority, concurred, or dissented in several cases alleging discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, and other prohibited grounds. His legal positions in these cases have varied, depending on the facts and law being applied, and defy rigid or facile classification. Nonetheless, some continuity in judicial approach, both substantive and procedural, may arguably be discerned from a review of several of his significant opinions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination Suit by Black Farmers

The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination Suit by Black Farmers

Date: December 6, 2005
Creator: Vina, Stephen R & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department