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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Small Business Administration Microloan Program

Small Business Administration Microloan Program

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report describes the Microloan program's eligibility standards and operating requirements for lenders and borrowers and examines the arguments presented by the program's critics and advocates. It also examines changes to the program authorized by P.L. 111-240, the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Research Tax Credit: Current Law and Policy Issues for the 114th Congress

Research Tax Credit: Current Law and Policy Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: March 13, 2015
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report describes the current status of the research tax credit, summarizes its legislative history, discusses policy issues it raises, and describes legislation to modify and extend it.
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Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report analyzes the incentives for companies to share information about cybersecurity breaches with other companies and the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) export promotion activities, and the creation of the Office of International Trade (OIT). Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
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Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) programs, which were authorized by Congress in the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 to help workers and firms adjust to import competition and dislocation caused by trade liberalization. It provides information about TAAF program and policy issues, as well as legislation to reauthorize the TAAF program.
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The Network for Manufacturing Innovation

The Network for Manufacturing Innovation

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses the Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2014 (RAMIA). RAMIA includes provisions authorizing the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Department of Energy, and other agencies to support the establishment of centers for manufacturing innovation, as well as establishing and providing for the operation of a Network for Manufacturing Innovation.
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Contract Types: Legal Overview

Contract Types: Legal Overview

Date: December 29, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the various contract types (e.g., fixed-price, cost-reimbursement) used in federal procurement and the legal requirements and issues pertaining to each. The types of contracts used by federal agencies have long been of interest to Congress and the executive branch, as they have sought to ensure that the most appropriate type of contract is used to acquire particular supplies or services.
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Economic Crisis in Russia

Economic Crisis in Russia

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report briefly examines the economic climate in Russia, providing background information and examining key trends. The report also briefly discusses possible next steps for the Kremlin and potential spillover effects for the United States.
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Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report analyzes the incentives for companies to share information about cybersecurity breaches with other companies and the federal government. Data breaches, such as those at Target, Home Depot, Neiman Marcus, and JPMorgan Chase, affecting financial records of tens of millions of households seem to occur regularly. Companies typically respond by trying to increase their cybersecurity by hiring consultants and purchasing new hardware and software. Policy analysts have suggested that sharing information about these breaches could be an effective and inexpensive part of improving cybersecurity. Firms share information directly on an ad hoc basis and through private-sector, nonprofit organizations such as Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) that can analyze and disseminate information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Congress responded to the disruption in the insurance market by passing the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA; P.L. 107-297). TRIA created a temporary program, to calm the insurance markets through a government reinsurance backstop sharing in terrorism losses. The current TRIA program expires at the end of 2014. This report briefly outlines the issues involved with terrorism insurance, summarizes the extension legislation, and includes a side-by-side of the current TRIA law and the bills that have been passed by the Senate (S. 2244), reported by the House Committee on Financial Services (H.R. 4871), and passed by the House (S. 2244 with a substitute amendment).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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