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 Year: 2006
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 12, 2006
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Gilroy, Angele A
Description: Some policymakers, believing that disparities in broadband access across American society could have adverse economic and social consequences on those left behind, assert that the federal government should play a more active role to avoid a “digital divide” in broadband access. One approach is for the federal government to provide financial assistance to support broadband deployment in underserved areas. Others, however, believe that federal assistance for broadband deployment is not appropriate. Some opponents question the reality of the “digital divide,” and argue that federal intervention in the broadband marketplace would be premature and, in some cases, counterproductive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: October 11, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan

Date: October 11, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon A.
Description: U.S. intelligence officials claimed Pakistan was a key supplier of uranium enrichment technology to North Korea, and some media reports suggested that Pakistan had exchanged centrifuge enrichment technology for North Korean help in developing longer range missiles. U.S. official statements leave little doubt that cooperation occurred, but there are significant details missing on the scope of cooperation and the role of Pakistan's government. The roots of cooperation are deep. North Korea and Pakistan have been engaged in conventional arms trade for over thirty years. Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) trade between North Korea and Pakistan raises significant issues for Congress, which are discussed at length in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Data Mining and Homeland Security: An Overview

Date: October 3, 2006
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: Data mining has become one of the key features of many homeland security initiatives. Often used as a means for detecting fraud, assessing risk, and product retailing, data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover previously unknown, valid patterns and relationships in large data sets. In the context of homeland security, data mining can be a potential means to identify terrorist activities, such as money transfers and communications, and to identify and track individual terrorists themselves, such as through travel and immigration records. This report explores the issue of data mining in detail and in the context of homeland security, as well as relevant initiatives and pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybercrime: The Council of Europe Convention

Cybercrime: The Council of Europe Convention

Date: September 28, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: Forty-three countries, including the United States, have signed the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime of November 2001. The U.S. Senate ratified the Convention on August 3, 2006. The Convention seeks to better combat cybercrime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative abilities, and boosting international cooperation. Supporters argue that the Convention will enhance deterrence, while critics counter it will have little effect without participation by countries in which cybercriminals operate freely. Others warn it will endanger privacy and civil liberties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries

Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries

Date: September 28, 2006
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Personal data security breaches are being reported with increasing regularity. Within the last few years, numerous examples of data such as Social Security numbers, bank account, credit card, driver’s license numbers, and medical and student records have been compromised. A major reason for the increased awareness of these security breaches is a California law that requires notice of security breaches to the affected individuals. This law, implemented in July 2003, was the first of its kind in the nation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Security-Related Information

Protection of Security-Related Information

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Tatelman, Todd B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Operations and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Information Operations and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Operations and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Information Operations and Cyberwar: Capabilities and Related Policy Issues

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report describes the emerging areas of information operations in the context of U.S. national security. It assesses known U.S. capabilities and plans, and suggests related policy issues of potential interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 109th Congress

Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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