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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: December 29, 2005
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United States and Europe: Current Issues

The United States and Europe: Current Issues

Date: December 28, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The United States and Europe share a long and intertwined history. Despite the end of the Cold War, both sides of the Atlantic continue to face a common set of international concerns, have few other comparable partners, and share a huge economic relationship. Nevertheless, numerous foreign policy and trade conflicts have seriously challenged U.S.-European relations in recent years. This report examines the current state of the transatlantic relationship and key issues in Europe and beyond that have implications for U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement

European Union Enlargement

Date: December 27, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: On May 1, 2004, 10 states joined the European Union (EU), enlarging the Union to 25 members. The EU views the enlargement process as an historic opportunity to promote stability in Europe and further the integration of the continent by peaceful means. In addition to the 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia), three other states — Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia — hope to accede to the EU by 2007. Turkey is also a candidate and is expected to begin accession negotiations in 2005. Macedonia has also applied for EU membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East

European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East

Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: Managing policy differences on a range of issues emanating from the Middle East poses serious challenges for the United States and its European allies and friends. The most vitriolic dispute has centered on the conflict in Iraq. However, divisions over how best to approach the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, manage Iran and Syria, and combat terrorism also persist. How deep and lasting the clash over Iraq and subsequent Middle East policies will be to transatlantic relations will likely depend on several factors, including whether Washington and European capitals can cooperate more robustly to rebuild Iraq; whether Europeans perceive a renewed U.S. commitment to revive the Middle East peace process; and whether differences over Mideast issues spill over into NATO or impede EU efforts to forge a deeper Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Region: Issues in U.S. Relations

Caribbean Region: Issues in U.S. Relations

Date: December 20, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report deals with broader issues in U.S. relations with the Caribbean and does not include an extensive discussion of Haiti and Cuba. U.S. policy toward these Caribbean nations is covered in two CRS products: CRS Report RL32294, Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns, and CRS Report RL32730, Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising several issues for policy consideration that may be helpful as the 109th Congress continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liberia's Post-War Recovery: Key Issues and Developments

Liberia's Post-War Recovery: Key Issues and Developments

Date: December 13, 2005
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report describes recent developments in Liberia, a small, poor West African country that is undergoing a post-conflict transition and peace-building process after its second civil war in a decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

Date: December 13, 2005
Creator: Kan, Shirley A & Holt, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns

Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the socioeconomic and political situation in Haiti, and U.S. policy since 1991.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iran’s influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq, which is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran’s sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran’s influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. Some U.S. statements and press sources say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. and allied military presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2005

Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2005

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report focuses on the interactions between Mexico and the United States on migration and border issues during the administrations of President George W. Bush and President Vicente Fox of Mexico. The discussions and agreements fall into four areas: (1) the bilateral migration talks, (2) the Partnership for Prosperity, (3) the Border Partnership Agreement, and (4) the trilateral “Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) of North America
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency: Brief Overview of U.S. Opinions

China's Currency: Brief Overview of U.S. Opinions

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: Many are concerned that China’s currency is undervalued and that this injures the U.S. economy. The Chinese authorities say they are not manipulating their currency and they want to move as soon as possible to a market-based yuan. A new exchange rate procedure was announced in July 2005 but has not resulted in meaningful changes in the yuan’s international value. This report reviews the issues and discusses alternative approaches the United States might take to encourage more rapid reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Development and Information Control in the People's Republic of China

Internet Development and Information Control in the People's Republic of China

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Lau, Michelle W.
Description: Since its founding in 1949, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has exerted great effort in manipulating the flow of information and prohibiting the dissemination of viewpoints that criticize the government or stray from the official Communist party view. The introduction of Internet technology in the mid-1990’s presented a challenge to government control over news sources, and by extension, over public opinion. While the Internet has developed rapidly, broadened access to news, and facilitated mass communications in China, many forms of expression online, as in other mass media, are still significantly stifled. This report discusses the history of this issue and examines the U.S.'s response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie & Navarrete-Frías, Carolina
Description: The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: Overview of Issues Ten Years After Dayton

Bosnia: Overview of Issues Ten Years After Dayton

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: On November 21-22, 2005, the United States will host a meeting with Bosnia’s collective leadership to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Dayton accords, an agreement brokered under U.S. leadership that ended the 1992-1995 conflict in Bosnia- Herzegovina. Since early 2005, the Bush Administration has given renewed emphasis to “unfinished business” in the western Balkan region, such as the unresolved status of Kosovo, a U.N.-run province of Serbia. The United States also seeks to bolster Bosnia’s further development as a unified, democratic, and stable state on the path toward Euro- Atlantic integration, including major constitutional reforms. This report provides an overview of prominent current issues concerning Bosnia and will be updated after the 10th anniversary meeting in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immunities Accorded to Foreign Diplomats, Consular Officers, and Employees of International Organizations Under U.S. Law

Immunities Accorded to Foreign Diplomats, Consular Officers, and Employees of International Organizations Under U.S. Law

Date: November 8, 2005
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Background and U.S. Relations

Libya: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: November 4, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: This report provides background information on Libya and U.S.-Libyan relations; profiles Libyan leader Muammar al Qadhafi; discusses Libya’s political and economic reform efforts; and reviews current issues of potential congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discuses U.S. policy toward Cuba, such as support measures for the Cuban people, including private humanitarian donations and U.S.-sponsored radio and television broadcasting to Cuba.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Diplomacy: A Review of Past Recommendations

Public Diplomacy: A Review of Past Recommendations

Date: October 31, 2005
Creator: Epstein, Susan B & Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and Relations with the United States

Israel: Background and Relations with the United States

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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