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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2003
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing in Current Legislative Proposals

Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing in Current Legislative Proposals

Date: November 19, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: This report presents two approaches that have quite different implications for tax administration and Compliance. First, additional domestic investment would have both a direct tax benefit effect, and an indirect effect through increasing the ratio of domestic to world production. Secondly, if one considers the other provisions of H.R. 2896 and S. 1637, these provisions provide benefits (in some cases quite large benefits) to investment overseas that could more than offset any domestic incentive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Steel Industry: A Changing Profile

The American Steel Industry: A Changing Profile

Date: November 10, 2003
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: The U.S. steel industry has faced increasing difficulties since the late 1990s. About 40 U.S. steel producers have gone into bankruptcy. While different companies and parts of the industry have been affected to different degrees, the two types of domestic producers of raw steel, integrated mills and minimills, have both supported restrictions on imports, which they say have undermined the ability of the U.S. industry to produce steel economically. This report reviews industry developments and the economic situation of the steel industry, including legacy cost aspects of its problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2004 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Global War on Terrorism: Military Operations

FY2004 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Global War on Terrorism: Military Operations

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Nowels, Larry; Tarnoff, Curt & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform

Postal Reform

Date: October 14, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Abel, Amy & Parker, Larry
Description: The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) and the Federal Power Act (FPA) were enacted to eliminate unfair practices and other abuses by electricity and gas holding companies by requiring federal control and regulation of interstate public utility holding companies. Comprehensive energy legislation has passed the House and Senate. The House passed H.R. 6 on April 11, 2003. On July 31, 2003, the Senate suspended debate on S. 14, inserted the text of H.R. 4 (107th Congress) as a substitute, and passed H.R. 6. A conference agreement was reached November 17, 2003, and passed by the House the next day. H.R. 6 includes an electricity title that would, in part, repeal PUHCA, would prospectively repeal the mandatory purchase requirement under PURPA, and would create an electric reliability organization. On June 15, 2004, H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy policy bill, passed the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance Regulation: Background and Issues

Insurance Regulation: Background and Issues

Date: September 29, 2003
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: September 24, 2003
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discuses lumber imports from Canada and provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dairy Policy Issues

Dairy Policy Issues

Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Many dairy farmer groups are concerned that imports of milk protein concentrates (MPCs) are displacing domestic dairy ingredients and thus depressing farm milk prices. S.560 and H.R. 1160 would impose tariff rate quotas on certain MPCs, and S. 40 would prohibit the use of dry MPC in domestic cheese production. Dairy processor groups are opposed to these bills. A dairy producer group challenged the Customs Service classification of MPCs, but Customs ruled that current classifications are correct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups

Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups

Date: September 3, 2003
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

The Federal Arbitration Act: Background and Recent Developments

Date: August 15, 2003
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: Enacted in 1925, the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) seeks to ensure the validity and enforcement of arbitration agreements in any “maritime transaction or . . . contract evidencing a transaction involving commerce.” In general, the FAA evidences a national policy favoring arbitration. However, the application of the FAA to various types of arbitration agreements has been the subject of numerous lawsuits. This report provides a brief legislative history of the FAA, as well as a review of selected cases that have interpreted the FAA. The report also discusses bills introduced during the 108th Congress that would amend the FAA to address the use of arbitration to resolve employment and specific contract disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform

Postal Reform

Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Abel, Amy & Parker, Larry
Description: The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) and the Federal Power Act (FPA) were enacted to eliminate unfair practices and other abuses by electricity and gas holding companies by requiring federal control and regulation of interstate public utility holding companies. Comprehensive energy legislation has passed the House and Senate. The House passed H.R. 6 on April 11, 2003. On July 31, 2003, the Senate suspended debate on S. 14, inserted the text of H.R. 4 (107th Congress) as a substitute, and passed H.R. 6. A conference agreement was reached November 17, 2003, and passed by the House the next day. H.R. 6 includes an electricity title that would, in part, repeal PUHCA, would prospectively repeal the mandatory purchase requirement under PURPA, and would create an electric reliability organization. On June 15, 2004, H.R. 4503, a comprehensive energy policy bill, passed the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Wine Market: Description and Selected Issues

The International Wine Market: Description and Selected Issues

Date: August 7, 2003
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses global trade in wine, which has Several important issues have emerged in recent years with respect to international wine trade, particularly between the EU and non-EU countries, including oenological (wine-making) practices and the use of “semi-generic” names for wines. The latter issue is encompassed under the debate on “geographical indications” at the World Trade Organization. Ongoing bilateral negotiations between the United States and the EU seek to resolve both of these issues. .
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Wine Market: Description and Selected Issues

The International Wine Market: Description and Selected Issues

Date: August 7, 2003
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses the global trade in wine, which has increased rapidly during the past 25 years, steadily rising from under $1 billion in 1977 to over $7 billion in 2001. Reports of health benefits and rising global incomes have spurred increasing demand for wine, particularly in mid- to upper-income countries. In 2001, the United States was the world’s leading importer, just ahead of the European Union (EU). Together, they accounted for over 60% of global imports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events

Date: August 4, 2003
Creator: Gorte, Ross W. & Grimmett, Jeanne
Description: This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance Regulation: Background and Issues

Insurance Regulation: Background and Issues

Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Webel, Baird & Cobb, Carolyn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Association Health Plans, Health Marts and the Small Group Market for Health Insurance

Association Health Plans, Health Marts and the Small Group Market for Health Insurance

Date: July 31, 2003
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: An estimated 41.2 million people were without health insurance in 2001. Legislation under consideration by the 108th and earlier Congresses is intended to assist small employers in offering health insurance as a benefit to their workers. A new bill, H.R. 4281, introduced on May 5, 2004, The Small Business Health Fairness Act of 2003 (H.R. 6601s. 545), and a number of bills from the earlier Congresses include provisions creating new groups for small firms to join or encouraging the growth of existing groups so that small employers can band together to offer coverage to their employees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dairy Policy Issues

Dairy Policy Issues

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Many dairy farmer groups are concerned that imports of milk protein concentrates (MPCs) are displacing domestic dairy ingredients and thus depressing farm milk prices. S.560 and H.R. 1160 would impose tariff rate quotas on certain MPCs, and S. 40 would prohibit the use of dry MPC in domestic cheese production. Dairy processor groups are opposed to these bills. A dairy producer group challenged the Customs Service classification of MPCs, but Customs ruled that current classifications are correct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues

Steel: Legislative and Oversight Issues

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: July 28, 2003
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Reform

Postal Reform

Date: July 15, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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