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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support Program)

CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support Program)

Date: December 21, 2001
Creator: Gerleman, David J & Hildreth, Steven A
Description: Since the September 11th terrorist attack, greater attention has focused on federal, state, and local readiness to respond to situations involving terrorism or weapons of mass destruction (WMD). One such federal program that provided federal support to local law enforcement and first responders is CONTOMS (Counter Narcotics and Terrorism Operational Medical Support).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Aviation Security Legislation in the Aftermath of the September 11 Attack

Selected Aviation Security Legislation in the Aftermath of the September 11 Attack

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

Date: December 13, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and also discusses selected recent issues, including ten ADA Supreme Court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Coast Guard Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: December 13, 2001
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: In the 107th Congress, the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2001, House-passed H.R. 1699, would authorize the agency’s programs for FY2002. The report contains numerous provisions on Coast Guard operations and activities. H.R. 2481, as reported, includes certain housing and maritime safety provisions; S. 1214, as reported, would establish a seaport security program. P.L. 107-20 (H.R. 2216), the FY2001 emergency supplemental appropriations bill, increased FY2001 Coast Guard funding by $92 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: December 12, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and the Law of War: Trying Terrorists as War Criminals before Military Commissions

Terrorism and the Law of War: Trying Terrorists as War Criminals before Military Commissions

Date: December 11, 2001
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Section by Section Analysis of the USA PATRIOT Act

Terrorism: Section by Section Analysis of the USA PATRIOT Act

Date: December 10, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: S Visas for Criminal and Terrorist Informants

Immigration: S Visas for Criminal and Terrorist Informants

Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Ester, Karma
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence and Law Enforcement: Countering Transnational Threats to the U.S.

Intelligence and Law Enforcement: Countering Transnational Threats to the U.S.

Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary of the Medicare Regulatory and Contracting Reform Act of 2001 (H.R. 3391)

Summary of the Medicare Regulatory and Contracting Reform Act of 2001 (H.R. 3391)

Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Tilson, Sibyl L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Date: November 28, 2001
Creator: Teasley, David & Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the provisions of the interim rule, as well as a brief synopsis of Sixth Amendment implications regarding intentional intrusion into the attorney-client relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases

Date: November 15, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Caribbean Basin Interim Trade Program: CBI/NAFTA Parity

Date: November 14, 2001
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: The entry into force, on January 1, 1994, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has eliminated the advantage that the beneficiaries of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) and related provisions of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) had enjoyed in trade with the United States relative to Mexico, and gave Mexico an increasingly significant competitive edge over the CBERA countries. The scheduled further implementation of the NAFTA would have resulted in a substantial advantage to Mexico over the CBERA countries and vitiate in part the purpose of the CBERA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Drug Certification Requirements and Proposed Congressional Modifications in 2001

Date: November 6, 2001
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the existing drug certification requirements for drug producing and drug-transit countries, background on the experience, criticisms, and reform efforts under these provisions; a summary of early congressional options and proposals advanced in 2001, with possible advantages and disadvantages; a summary of later initiatives with legislative activity; and (5) a tracking of legislative action on the major initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
“Junk E-mail”: An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail (“Spam”)

“Junk E-mail”: An Overview of Issues and Legislation Concerning Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail (“Spam”)

Date: November 6, 2001
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report discusses unsolicited commercial e-mail (UCE), also called “spam” or “junk e-mail.” Not only can it be a nuisance, but its cost may be passed on to consumers through higher charges from Internet service providers who must upgrade their systems to handle the traffic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: November 2, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Statutes: What They Are and Where to Find Them

Federal Statutes: What They Are and Where to Find Them

Date: October 31, 2001
Creator: Gurevitz, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Date: October 30, 2001
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation was dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Legislation: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001

Terrorism Legislation: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses wiretapping and other controversial issues as a part of USA PATRIOT Act which bolsters the ability of federal authorities to conduct criminal and intelligence investigations, to bar and expel foreign terrorists from the United States, to separate terrorists from their sources of financial support, to punish acts of terrorism, and to address the needs of the direct victims of the events of September 11.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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