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 Country: Russia
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Date: December 16, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on terrorist attacks in Russia's North Caucasus that includes the formerly breakaway Chechnya and other ethnic-based regions--appeared to increase substantially in 2007-2009. The report discusses impact of the August 2008 Russia-Georgia conflict and the recent development in the Northern Caucasus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Cooper, William H.; Ek, Carl; Woehrel, Steven; Woolf, Amy F.; Hildreth, Steven A. et al.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev, both of which have steered Russia away from democratization. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Energy Policy Toward Neighboring Countries

Russian Energy Policy Toward Neighboring Countries

Date: September 2, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of the Russian oil and gas industries, including their efforts to purchase energy infrastructure in central and eastern Europe and reduce energy subsidies to neighboring countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: August 10, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides basic information about U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It begins with a brief discussion of the differences between strategic and nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It then provides some historical background. It concludes with a review of policy options, or "solutions" for the preceding problems, that might be explored by Congress, the United States, Russia, and other nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress

U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses policy issues regarding military-to-military (mil-to-mil) contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of major contacts and crises since 1993.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Date: July 27, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Cooper, William H.; Ek, Carl; Woehrel, Steven; Woolf, Amy F.; Hildreth, Steven A. et al.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev, both of which have steered Russia away from democratization. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Russia's Economic Performance and Policies and Their Implications for the United States

Date: June 29, 2009
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: As has been the case with most of the world's economies, the Russian economy has been hit hard by the current global financial crisis. Even before the financial crisis, however, Russia was showing signs of economic problems. Russian economic policies and performance raise important policy questions for the United States and the U.S.-Russian relationship which this report addresses. Might Russia's robust economic growth return? Is an economically strong Russia a threat or benefit to the United States? Is Russia following economic strategies that promote a market economy that underlies the international trade system manifested in the World Trade Organization?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

The Iran Sanctions Act (ISA)

Date: June 4, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. This report discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996. This report also discusses U.S. concerns that other nations, e.g., U.S. allies, Russia, and China, are not as strict with their economic sanctions against Iran, and how U.S. policymakers are combating this reticence with various pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Energy Policy Toward Neighboring Countries

Russian Energy Policy Toward Neighboring Countries

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of the Russian oil and gas industries, including their efforts to purchase energy infrastructure in central and eastern Europe and reduce energy subsidies to neighboring countries. A second section deals with the impact of recent Russian energy policy on neighboring countries, all of them formerly part of the Soviet Union, de facto or de jure, and all heavily dependent on Russian energy imports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Date: April 3, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on terrorist attacks in Russia's North Caucasus, which appeared to increase substantially in 2007-2009. The report discusses impact of the August 2008 Russia-Georgia conflict and the recent development in the Northern Caucasus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Nuclear Weapons R&D Organizations in Nine Nations

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan; Kan, Shirley A.; Kerr, Paul K.; Migdalovitz, Carol; Mix, Derek E.; Nikitin, Mary Beth et al.
Description: As an aid to Congress in understanding nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation, and arms control matters, this report describes which agency is responsible for research and development (R&D) of nuclear weapons (i.e., nuclear explosive devices, as distinct from the bombers and missiles that deliver them) in the nine nations with nuclear weapons and whether these agencies are civilian or military. It also traces the history of such agencies in the United States from 1942 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia. The report discusses renewed conflict in South Ossetia, implications for Georgia and Russia, and international and U.S. responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 28, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides basic information about U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It includes a brief discussion of the differences between strategic and nonstrategic nuclear weapons; provides some historical background about nonstrategic nuclear weapons deployed by both nations during the Cold War and in the past decade; reviews the issues that have been raised regarding the continued deployment of these weapons; and concludes with a review of policy options that might be explored by Congress, the United States, Russia, and other nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Nuclear Arms Control: The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty

Date: December 30, 2008
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of U.S. and Russian objectives when they began discussions on the 1994 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) and a summary of how they resolved these differences when concluding the negotiations. It then describes the key provisions in the Treaty and presents illustrative forces that each side might deploy in the next 10 years. It offers a brief assessment of how each nation fared in achieving its objectives when negotiating this agreement and a summary of reaction from U.S. and Russian commentators. It concludes with a brief review of the issues raised during the Treaty's ratification debates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report sketches the procedures prescribed by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) for congressional action in relation to agreements of this kind.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information regarding Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia and discusses most recent developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: September 22, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia region, the implications for Georgia and Russia, international response, U.S. Response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Russia Meat and Poultry Trade Issues

U.S.-Russia Meat and Poultry Trade Issues

Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: Russia announced on August 29, 2008, that it was banning poultry imports from 19 U.S. establishments due to safety concerns, and that 29 others could lose approval if they do not improve their standards. Russian officials also signaled that they might reduce U.S. permits to import poultry and pork under that country's quota system. The economic stakes of Russian import actions are high for U.S. poultry producers - 29% of their exports went to that market in 2007 - and red meat producers, who also are experiencing strong growth in the Russian market. In Congress, any potential options likely would be reviewed within the context of the broader geopolitical situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Russian Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: Issues for Congress

U.S.-Russian Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement: Issues for Congress

Date: September 9, 2008
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses key policy issues related to the civilian nuclear cooperation agreement signed by the United States and Russia on May 6, 2008, including future nuclear energy cooperation with Russia, U.S.-Russian bilateral relations, nonproliferation cooperation, and Russia's policies toward Iran. These issues were relevant to the debate when the agreement was being considered in the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: August 29, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia. The report discusses renewed conflict in South Ossetia, implications for Georgia and Russia, and international and U.S. responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report sketches the procedures prescribed by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) for congressional action in relation to nuclear cooperation agreements, then summarizes legislative proceedings occurring in relation to the proposed agreement with Russia, beginning with its recent submission. It also addresses several questions regarding the implementation and intent of these statutory requirements related to the proposed agreement with the Russian Federation. Special attention is given to the definition of "days of continuous session" and possible implications of this definition depending on whether or not the requisite period ends before the end of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

Date: August 18, 2008
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, begun in November 2001, which has entered its 11th year. It includes background on Doha and the significance of the negotiations, as well as a breakdown of issues on the Doha agenda and the role of the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: August 13, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in the Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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