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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 301 - 350 of 17,216
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Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)
The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8715/
Major Trends in U.S. Foreign Assistance to Central America: 1978-1986
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Eighteen Questions and Answers About the World Bank
This paper provides background information about World Bank borrowing and lending activities and about U.S. participation in the Bank. Among other matters, it discusses where the World Bank borrows its funds, the amounts contributed by the United States and other countries, and changes i n World Bank priorities and loan policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8415/
Campaign Financing in Federal Elections: A Guide to the Law and Its Operation
This report provides an introduction to the laws governing the financing of Federal election campaigns and presents data on campaign finance activity in the 1980’s. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8170/
Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives
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Tax Reform Act of 1986: Public Law 99-514
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Selected Bicentennial Celebrations Commemorating the 200th Anniversaries of the U.S. Constitution and of the U.S. Congress
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Telephone Industry Issues
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Campaign Finance Reform: A Summary and Analysis of Legislative Proposals In the 98th and 99th Congresses
This report summarizes and analyzes on a conceptual basis the 108 bills and major amendments offered in the 98th and 99th Congresses which proposed changes in the campaign finance laws governing Federal elections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8171/
South Africa: A Chronology
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Sanctions Against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress
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Sanctions against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress
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Kissinger Commission Implementation: Actions by the Congress Through 1986 on the Recommendations of the National Bipartisan Commission of Central America
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Telephone Industry Residential Subscriber Line Charges and the Lifeline Option
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Iran-Contra Affair: Biographical Profiles
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Costa Rica: U.S. Foreign Assistance Facts
This issue brief provides basic information on the U.S. aid program and on the general situation in Costa Rica. It is one in a series on U.S. assistance to key countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8843/
Guatemala: U.S. Foreign Assistance Facts
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Honduras: U.S. Foreign Assistance Facts
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Manual on the Federal Budget Process
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Manual on the Federal Budget Process
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9606/
Arms Shipments to Iran
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Speed Limits for Motor Vehicles
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8884/
Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets
Mainstream economic theory suggests that U.S. budget deficit was the main cause of the dollar appreciation between 1980 and early 1985. The high budget deficit forced the U.S. Government to compete against the private sector for available savings, raising interest rates in the United States. In response, net capital inflows to the United States increased, the demand for dollars on the foreign exchange market went up, and the dollar appreciated. Restrictive budgets and loose monetary policies abroad, both of which kept interest rates low abroad, also contributed to the dollar’s appreciation on over this period. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8427/
The Liability Insurance Controversy
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The Liability Insurance Controversy
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South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions
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Tax Reform Effects
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Persian Gulf Oil Trade: Numbers and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8424/
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9594/
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9604/
The Liability Insurance Crisis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9589/
The Liability Insurance Crisis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9599/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
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Terrorism: U.S. Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9247/
Medicare: Physician Payments
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Glass-Steagall Act: Commercial vs. Investment Banking
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9065/
Multilateral Development Banks: Legislation Affecting U.S. Participation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9595/
Multilateral Development Banks: Legislation Affecting U.S. Participation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9605/
Space Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8879/
Superconductivity Research and Technology in the Federal Government
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Teenage Sexual Activity and Childbearing: An Analysis of the Relationships of Behavior to Family and Personal Background
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9245/
Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options
During the 1980s the U.S. banking industry has experienced a rapidly growing number of failures. Many factors have contributed to this trend including deregulation, technology, individual bank management, and economic conditions. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) handles insured bank failures. Congress has been monitoring the recent trend and is concerned with the FDIC’s ability to continue to perform its supervisory and insurance operations. The present situation, information on key factors affecting the banking industry, and the FDIC’s role when a bank fails is discussed in this report. The reference section of this issue brief contains a list of CRS products providing background on the FDIC and legislative issues relevant to the agency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9064/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
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The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
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Campaign Financing
This is one report in the series of reports that discuss the campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today’s paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8515/
The Persian Gulf and the U.S. Naval Presence: Issues for Congress
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Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the "Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987" (H.R. 2470, as passed by the House July 22, 1987) and the "Medicare Catastrophic Loss Prevention Act of 1987" (S. 1127, as passed by the Senate Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)
Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the “Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987” (H.R. 2470, as passed by t h e House July 22, 1987) and the "MEDICARE CATASTROPHIC LOSS PREVENTION ACT OF 1987" (S. 1127, as reported by the S e n a t e Finance Committee, July 27, 1987) digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8425/
Aviation Safety: FAA Near Midair Collision Reports
This report discusses the minimum separation distance in a near midair collision report which the event must meet in order to be classified a "near miss." If a pilot of flight crew member subjectively believes that the near miss occurred, the report of that event is accepted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and counts as a near miss in the FAA data base regardless of the actual separation distance. While no proximity limits are placed on near midair collision reports, the agency does attempt to categorize each reported encounter by degree of hazard represented from an aviation safety perspective. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8426/
Synopses of Reported Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in which Judge Robert Heron Bork Authorized a Signed Opinion or Other Statement: 1982-1987
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9242/
Space Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9198/