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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Date: October 17, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Student Benefits

Social Security Student Benefits

Date: October 18, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives

Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Kaiser, Frederick M
Description: The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin: Environmental Impacts and Potential Human Health Effects

Dioxin: Environmental Impacts and Potential Human Health Effects

Date: October 21, 1983
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: This issue brief presents a short background on the physical/chemical properties of dioxin, describes several existing sources of possible human exposure, and highlights what is currently known about its environmental impacts and human health effects. Congressional interest is intense at this time because of large numbers of Vietnam veterans' claims for benefits associated with use of herbicides in that war as well as because of certain incidents of potential significance to health involving disposal of wastes containing dioxin.
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Social Security: Alien Beneficiaries

Social Security: Alien Beneficiaries

Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
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Social Security Benefits for Prisoners

Social Security Benefits for Prisoners

Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Program

The Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Program

Date: November 9, 1983
Creator: McMinimy, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education of the Handicapped

Education of the Handicapped

Date: November 14, 1983
Creator: Fraas, Charlotte Jones
Description: Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deregulation of Transportation

Deregulation of Transportation

Date: November 17, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Transportation has been substantially deregulated over the last 5 years and there is talk of enacting legislation during the 98th Congress to further deregulate transportation or to restore some of the regulation that recent legislation has removed. This mini brief gives an overview of the deregulation already enacted into law, and some of the ideas being considered for further legislation. The brief also refers to some sources for further reading.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Refugee Act Reauthorization: Admissions and Resettlement Issues

Refugee Act Reauthorization: Admissions and Resettlement Issues

Date: November 22, 1983
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic

Date: November 23, 1983
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?

Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?

Date: November 29, 1983
Creator: Siehl, George
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Issues and Legislation in the 98th Congress

Immigration Issues and Legislation in the 98th Congress

Date: December 2, 1983
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: This report discusses Immigration reform, which continues to be of concern in the '96th Congress, and legislation has been moving quickly. Specific issues include illegal immigration, temporary workers, legalization, asylum adjudications, and legal immigration. The legislation under consideration is the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1983, popularly referred to as the Simpson-Mazzoli bill, introduced in the House and Senate on Feb, 17, 1983 as H.R. 1510 and S. 529.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Policy Issues for the 98th Congress

El Salvador: Policy Issues for the 98th Congress

Date: December 5, 1983
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Divestiture of American Telephone and Telegraph Company: The Impact on Shareholders

The Divestiture of American Telephone and Telegraph Company: The Impact on Shareholders

Date: December 7, 1983
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: This report analyzes the impact which the divestiture of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) will have on the 3.2 million holders of AT&T stock. The method of distribution and the listing and trading mechanics of the shares as well as dividend and tax information are discussed. A brief analysis of initial stock performance based on the first two weeks of trading concludes the analysis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances: Are They Needed?

Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances: Are They Needed?

Date: December 12, 1983
Creator: Crane, Langdon
Description: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA! (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NEPCA) (P.L. 95-619) , requires that energy efficiency standards be established for each of 13 classes of appliances that are major consumers of energy. NEPCA stipulates that such standards "be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency which the Secretary [of Energ'y] determines is technologically feasible and economically justified." The Department of Energy ' announced proposed standards for 8 of the 13 classes of appliances in June 1980 and initiated public hearings on them prior to final promulgation. In January 1981, the DOE suspended this process; after re-studying the proposed standards, it announced in April 1982 a finding that no standards are economically justified.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation

Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation

Date: December 12, 1983
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation

Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation

Date: December 12, 1983
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: December 13, 1983
Creator: Collier, Ellen C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Date: December 14, 1983
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Date: December 15, 1983
Creator: Chatham, George N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Glossary of Selected Telecommunications Terms

A Glossary of Selected Telecommunications Terms

Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Bortnick, Jane; Gilroy, Angele A & Siddall, David
Description: The following glossary provides short definitions and descriptions of selected telecommunications terminology, agencies, and organizations, as well as a listing of key laws and Federal Communications Commission regulations and decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grace Commission

Grace Commission

Date: 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: Payment in Kind (PIK) Program

Agriculture: Payment in Kind (PIK) Program

Date: January 12, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: On January 11, 1983, President Reagan announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture would implement a payment-in-kind (PIK) program to help reduce Government grain surpluses and to improve farm income. The materials included in this report were compiled by Congressional Research Staff for Member of Congress desirous of more information on the subject.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department