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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 201 - 250 of 17,216
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Deregulation of Transportation
Transportation has been substantially deregulated over the last 5 years and there is talk of enacting legislation during the 98th Congress to further deregulate transportation or to restore some of the regulation that recent legislation has removed. This mini brief gives an overview of the deregulation already enacted into law, and some of the ideas being considered for further legislation. The brief also refers to some sources for further reading. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9035/
Refugee Act Reauthorization: Admissions and Resettlement Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8837/
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic
This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8840/
Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9173/
Immigration Issues and Legislation in the 98th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8839/
El Salvador: Policy Issues for the 98th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8836/
The Divestiture of American Telephone and Telegraph Company: The Impact on Shareholders
This report analyzes the impact which the divestiture of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) will have on the 3.2 million holders of AT&T stock. The method of distribution and the listing and trading mechanics of the shares as well as dividend and tax information are discussed. A brief analysis of initial stock performance based on the first two weeks of trading concludes the analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8804/
Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances: Are They Needed?
The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA! (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NEPCA) (P.L. 95-619) , requires that energy efficiency standards be established for each of 13 classes of appliances that are major consumers of energy. NEPCA stipulates that such standards "be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency which the Secretary [of Energ'y] determines is technologically feasible and economically justified." The Department of Energy ' announced proposed standards for 8 of the 13 classes of appliances in June 1980 and initiated public hearings on them prior to final promulgation. In January 1981, the DOE suspended this process; after re-studying the proposed standards, it announced in April 1982 a finding that no standards are economically justified. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9036/
Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9572/
Urea-Formaldehyde Foam Insulation: Health Effects and Regulation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9570/
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8619/
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8862/
Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9172/
A Glossary of Selected Telecommunications Terms
The following glossary provides short definitions and descriptions of selected telecommunications terminology, agencies, and organizations, as well as a listing of key laws and Federal Communications Commission regulations and decisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8167/
Grace Commission
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9044/
Agriculture: Payment in Kind (PIK) Program
On January 11, 1983, President Reagan announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture would implement a payment-in-kind (PIK) program to help reduce Government grain surpluses and to improve farm income. The materials included in this report were compiled by Congressional Research Staff for Member of Congress desirous of more information on the subject. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9038/
Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9237/
Control of Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs
Suppression of illicit traffic is only one aspect of the general Federal Government effort to prevent the abuse of narcotics and other dangerous drug;, but in political significance it is undoubtedly paramount. Various approaches to the problem have been suggested and tried since the first explicitly anti-opium law was enacted in 1887. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9042/
Soviet Policy Under Andropov
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9189/
High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8873/
Poverty: Trends, Causes and Cures
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8871/
The War Powers Resolution: A Decade of Experience
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8088/
Ethylene Dibromide: Regulatory Background
Much attention has recently been focused on the chemical ethylene dibromide (EDB). This chemical has been widely used in leaded gasoline, and has also been used to treat grains, citrus and other crops. It has been found in foods and in groundwater. This paper examines the possible health effects of exposure to EDB, as well as its regulation. The possible health effects and regulation of various chemical and physical alternatives to EDB are also examined. This paper concludes with some policy considerations pertinent to EDB. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8089/
Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9045/
Ethylene Dibromide
Much attention has recently been focused on the chemical ethylene dibromide (EDB). This chemical has been widely used in leaded gasoline, and has also been used to treat grains, citrus and other crops. It has been found in foods and in groundwater. This paper examines the possible health effects of exposure to EDB, as well as its regulation. The possible health effects and regulation of various chemical and physical alternatives to EDB are also examined. This paper concludes with some policy considerations pertinent to EDB. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8168/
Solar Energy: The Federal Program and Congressional Interest
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9188/
Standardized Educational Test Scores
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9235/
Summaries of Federal Environmental Laws Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8867/
Political Broadcasts - Regulate or Deregulate?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9182/
Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8864/
EDB and the Agriculture Community: A Background Discussion
EDB is being removed from major agricultural uses because of concerns about possible adverse effects on human health. Regulatory actions to remove EDB from the food system will have impacts on the agricultural community. Uses of EDB in agriculture, regulatory actions to remove EDB from the food system quickly, and possible impacts of those regulatory actions on domestic and international markets are discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8514/
Aspartame: An Artificial Sweetener
Since 1973 when the Food and Drug Administration first approved the artificial sweetener, aspartame, for use in food products, some researchers have raised questions about possible health effects associated with its consumption. This paper provides an overview of the regulatory history and possible health problems associated with the use of aspartame. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8091/
The American Telephone and Telegraph Divestiture: Background, Provisions, and Restructuring
On January 1, 1984, The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) divested itself of a major portion of its organizational structure and functions. Under the post-divestiture environment the once fully-integrated Bell System is now reorganized into the "new" AT&T and seven Ladependent regional holding companies -- American Information Technologies Corp., 3ell Atlantic Corp., 3ell- South Corp., NYNEX Corp., Pacific Telesis Group., Southwestern Bell Corp., and U.S. West, Inc. The following analysis provides an overview of the pre- and post-divestiture organizational structure and details the evolution of the antitrust action which resulted in this divestiture. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9238/
Compensation for Crime Victims
This report discusses the growing interest in recent years in providing compensation for the innocent victims of violent crime through programs financed by the Federal and/or State Governments. At issue have been the general propriety, desirability, and feasibility, as well as the cost, of Federal support of such programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9040/
Infant Formula: National Problems
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9046/
Political Action Committees: Their Evolution, Growth and Implications for the Political System
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9181/
Sport Hunting in Alaska
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9234/
Ethylene Dibromide: History, Health Effects, and Policy Questions
Much attention has recently been focused on the chemical ethylene dibromide (EDB). This chemical has been widely used in leaded gasoline, and has also been used to treat grains, citrus and other crops. It has been found in foods and in groundwater. This paper examines the possible health effects of exposure to EDB, as well as its regulation. The possible health effects and regulation of various chemical and physical alternatives to EDB are also examined. This paper concludes with some policy considerations pertinent to EDB. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8090/
Predator Control and Compound 1080
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9180/
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9190/
Ocean Dumping: A Time to Reappraise?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9178/
Pesticides Regulation: Current Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9179/
Three Utility Financing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9574/
Three Utility Financing Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9573/
Former Presidents: Pensions, Facilities, and Services
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8872/
Radio Marti
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9185/
Social Security: Reexamining Eligibility for Disability Benefits
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9187/
Standby Draft Registration
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9236/
Public Debt Ceiling: Its Current Status
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9183/
Cash and Non-Cash Benefits for Persons with Limited Income: Eligibility Rules, Recipient and Expenditure Data, FY1981-83
This report summarizes basic eligibility rules, as of May 1984, for more than 70 cash and non-cash programs that benefit primarily persons of limited income. It also gives funding formulas, benefit levels, and, for fiscal years 1981-1983, recipient numbers and expenditure data for each program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9041/