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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 151 - 200 of 15,578
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The Radwaste Paradox
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9571/
The Radwaste Paradox
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9569/
Food Stamps: 1982 Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8833/
Hospital Cost Containment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8831/
Universal Social Security Coverage: Extending Mandatory Coverage
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8816/
Natural Gas Policy Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8817/
Martial Law in Poland
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8807/
NATO Nuclear Forces: Modernization and Arms Controls
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8822/
Social Security Financing
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8834/
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8830/
Synthetic Fuels Corporation and National Synfuels Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8823/
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8812/
Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)
This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8821/
Space Shuttle
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8814/
Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9177/
Caribbean Basin Initiative
On August 5, 1983, President Reagan signed Public Law 98-67, which provides duty-free entry into the United States for certain Caribbean exports and allows U.S. business people to take tax deductions for the expense of attending conventions in the Caribbean region. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8605/
Pay Equity - The Comparable Worth Issue: Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value; By What Standards and By What Means?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9175/
Japan-U.S. Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8711/
Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8413/
Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9174/
The Soviets' 5-Year Plan (1981-1985)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8818/
The Eighteen Year Old Vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment and Subsequent Voting Rates of Newly Enfranchised Age Groups
This report traces the progress of proposals to expand the right to vote to citizens between the ages of 18 and 21, culminating in the ratification of the 26th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States in 1971. It also reviews the voting rates of the newly enfranchised age group and compares them to voting rates of other age groups. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8805/
Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs
One characteristic of the dislocated worker problem is that a mismatch exists between the number and kinds of jobs offered by employers and the number and kinds of skills possessed by workers in the same geographic area. At the same time, other geographic areas have unfilled job openings and relatively low unemployment rates. Government-assisted worker relocation is one tool of employment policy that might be used to reduce these regional imbalances in labor supply and demand. This report describes the U.S. experience with both unassisted and Government-assisted worker relocation. It examines the applicability of this experience to the current dislocated worker problem, as well. In addition, the report evaluates the feasibility of establishing a nationwide worker relocation program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8813/
Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age
This brief report is prepared in response to numerous requests for information on the related issues of drunk driving and raising the drinking age. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8712/
The Effects of Indexation on Tax Revenues and Distributional Effects of the U.S. Individual Income Tax System: A Historical Simulation
This report compares the actual tax revenues and distribution of the tax burden under the Federal individual income tax from 1971 to 1981 with estimates of what they would have been under the 1971 tax structure if indexed for inflation and under the 1971 tax structure if left unchanged. Policy implications of the comparison are discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8815/
Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8165/
Reciprocity in International Trade
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9176/
Speech Material -- Fourth of July
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9233/
Common Legal Questions and Answers Concerning Currency, Legal Tender and Money
This report answers common legal questions relating to currency, legal tender, and money. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9034/
Survey of State Statutes Affecting Voting by the Physically Handicapped
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8808/
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8811/
Women in the United States Congress
This report identifies women who have served as Senators or as Members of the House of Representatives. It notes their party affiliation, the States they have represented, the dates of their appointment or election, the length of their service, their committee assignments, and their service in committee chairmanships. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8860/
Large and Continuing Deficits: Their Influence on Macroeconomic Performance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8803/
Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present
This report shows that in recent years, attention has increasingly focused upon the minority composition of the Federal judiciary, in apparent response to concerns that judges appointed to the Federal bench should more compositely reflect the U.S. population they serve. Two of the larger U.S. subpopulations served by the Federal judiciary are blacks and Hispanics. Accordingly, this mini brief lists chronologically and cumulatively the appointments of blacks and Hispanics to the Federal bench, which includes the U.S.Supreme Court, Circuit Courts of Appeals, and District courts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8861/
Merit Pay for Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Background Discussion and Analysis of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8809/
Caribbean Basin Initiative
The Reagan Administration has proposed legislation which would seek to use trade and aid to promote political stability and economic growth in the Caribbean Basin region. Among other things, it would create a one-way free trade zone, where the small nations of the region would have an opportunity for export-led growth through duty-free access to the U.S. market. It would also provide $350 million in economic aid for 1982 to El Salvador and other Caribbean countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8832/
Yellow Rain and Related Issues: Implications for the United States
The United States has charged that the Soviet Union is implicated in the use of chemical weapons in Afghanistan and of chemical and toxin weapons, including the toxin known as "Yellow Rain," in Laos and Kampuchea (Cambodia). These charges raise two significant sets of issues: First, issues surrounding the evidence that has been presented to show: (a) that such weapons have been used and (b) that the Soviet Union is implicated in this use. Second, issues connected with the implications of Soviet involvement, if proven, in chemical and toxin warfare. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8829/
The FTC's Used Car Rule
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8824/
Cost Overruns in Major Weapon Systems: Current Dimensions of a Longstanding Problem
This paper reviews the initiatives of the Reagan Administration to control cost overruns during the last 2 and a half years and the actions taken by the Congress to strengthen its oversight role. Particular attention is directed at the critical need to enhance management incentive and accountability at all level of the acquisition process. If recently instituted reform in the Department of Defense fail to control cost overruns, pressure may grow for a more sweeping and radical approach. Serious consideration in such an event might even be given to removing responsibility for weapons acquisition management for the military service and assigning it to a civilian-operated supply agency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8806/
Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses
This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9052/
Social Security Student Benefits
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8819/
Crime Control: Administration and Congressional Initiatives
The Reagan Administration announced its major crime Control proposals in 1981, shortly after the final report from the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crimes, and reiterated support for significant changes in Crime control legislation in 1983. Congressional initiatives and modifications of those proposals continue interest and controversy in crime control matters in the 98th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8826/
Dioxin: Environmental Impacts and Potential Human Health Effects
This issue brief presents a short background on the physical/chemical properties of dioxin, describes several existing sources of possible human exposure, and highlights what is currently known about its environmental impacts and human health effects. Congressional interest is intense at this time because of large numbers of Vietnam veterans' claims for benefits associated with use of herbicides in that war as well as because of certain incidents of potential significance to health involving disposal of wastes containing dioxin. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8838/
Social Security: Alien Beneficiaries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8827/
Social Security Benefits for Prisoners
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8825/
The Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8835/
Education of the Handicapped
Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8810/
Deregulation of Transportation
Transportation has been substantially deregulated over the last 5 years and there is talk of enacting legislation during the 98th Congress to further deregulate transportation or to restore some of the regulation that recent legislation has removed. This mini brief gives an overview of the deregulation already enacted into law, and some of the ideas being considered for further legislation. The brief also refers to some sources for further reading. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9035/
Refugee Act Reauthorization: Admissions and Resettlement Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8837/
Coordination of Federal Efforts to Control Illicit Drug Traffic
This report discusses how best to coordinate the Federal government's multi-agency efforts to curb illicit traffic in dangerous drugs has once again become an issue of major interest to the Congress. Critics of the Reagan Administration's anti-drug program contend that it lacks an overall strategy and that it suffers from the absence of a central mechanism for the formulation of general policy as well as for the broad direction of operations digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8840/