You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 14101 - 14150 of 38,231
  |   |  
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 109th Congress: Conflicting Values and Difficult Choices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815246/
Military Courts-Martial: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808848/
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc809248/
The National Environmental Policy Act: Background and Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818962/
Taxes and Fiscal Year 2006 Budget Reconciliation: A Brief Summary
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7967/
Trade Agreements: Procedure for Congressional Approval and Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817623/
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute
In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9097/
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820337/
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations
This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8040/
General Overview of United States Antitrust Law
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810537/
Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns
This report discusses international assistance strategy, known as the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), to address Haiti’s short-term needs between the collapse of the government of President Jean- Bertrand Aristide in February 2004 and the initial phase of a new government scheduled to be inaugurated in February 2006. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7936/
The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) and the Army's Future Combat System (FCS): Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7941/
Methamphetamine: Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7970/
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7989/
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis, and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7991/
Space Stations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7873/
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7871/
The World Bank: The International Development Association’s 14th Replenishment (2006-2008)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc819337/
AIDS Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC): Problems, Responses, and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808908/
Child Welfare: Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bills
This report provides background information on provisions relevant to federal funding for child welfare purposes and other child welfare related provisions included in S. 1932 and H.R. 4241, and will be updated as necessary. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7935/
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress
This report focuses on the implications that certain elements of China’s military modernization may have for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. The issue for Congress addressed in this report is: How should China’s military modernization be factored into decisions about U.S. Navy programs? Congress’s decisions on this issue could significantly affect future U.S. Navy capabilities, U.S. Navy funding requirements, and the U.S. defense industrial base, including the shipbuilding industry. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7933/
Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes
The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7943/
Harvey v. Veneman and the National Organic Program: A Legal Analysis
The First Circuit’s ruling in Harvey v. Veneman brought much attention and uncertainty to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Organic Program. In the case, Harvey alleged that multiple provisions of the National Organic Program Final Rule (Final Rule) were inconsistent with the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (OFPA). The First Circuit sided with Harvey on three counts, putting into question the use of synthetics and commercially unavailable organic agricultural products, as well as certain feeding practices for dairy herds converting to organic production. On remand, the district court ordered a two-year time frame for the implementation and enforcement of new rules consistent with the ruling; however, in the FY2006 agriculture appropriations act (P.L. 109 97), Congress amended the OFPA to address the holdings of the case. This report describes the OFPA, discusses those holdings where the court determined that a provision of the Final Rule was inconsistent with the OFPA and analyzes the most recent legislative action. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10111/
Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues
Animal protection activists in the United States have long sought legislation to modify or curtail some practices considered by U.S. agriculture to be both acceptable and necessary to animal health. Some Members of Congress over the years have offered various bills that would affect animal care on the farm, during transport, or at slaughter. The House and Senate Agriculture Committees from time to time have held hearings on farm animal welfare issues, but their members generally express a preference for voluntary rather than regulatory approaches to humane methods of care. This report briefly provides an overview of the subject. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8061/
Hurricane Katrina: Medicaid Issues
This report discusses the following: Medicaid’s rules on eligibility, benefits, and financing in the context of current questions and issues raised by Hurricane Katrina. Recent state actions in response to Medicaid issues raised by the hurricane. Federal Medicaid waiver authority, including information on current activity in this area and the New York Disaster Relief Medicaid waiver granted in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks. Current federal legislation related to Medicaid and Hurricane Katrina relief efforts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822601/
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita and the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration
This report introduces the Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration program, and discusses whether it might have muted the impacts of hurricanes of the magnitude and paths of Katrina or Rita and whether the devastation caused by both hurricanes might cause the Corps to consider different restoration options. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8744/
Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues
This report identifies and analyzes the patent law aspects of the current avian influenza drug situation. First, the report explains the role that patent rights have played in affecting the availability of Tamiflu. Second, the report examines options for increasing the drug’s production, including the possibility of governments abrogating Roche’s patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other drug companies to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu without Roche’s consent. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7939/
Largest Mergers and Acquisitions by Corporations: 2005
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806523/
Legislative Maps of ANWR
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7971/
Muslims in Europe: Integration Policies in Selected Countries
This report examines the integration of Muslims into the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain. It also analyzes policies at the European Union (EU) level that affect Muslim populations. However, key policies relating to integrating Muslims into society — including citizenship laws, education, treatment of religious institutions, and anti-discrimination measures — largely lie with individual governments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7945/
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc819443/
Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy — Issues and Options for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806626/
Pandemic Flu Liability Limitation Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7972/
Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7990/
Why is the Household Saving Rate So Low?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc821868/
Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues
Since the fall of 2003, a strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has spread throughout Asia, infecting mostly poultry but also a limited number of humans. The virus reached Europe in 2005, and the Middle East and Africa in 2006. Avian flu is highly contagious in domestic poultry. Strict biosecurity measures are practiced by commercial poultry farms and encouraged by governments. The economic effects of avian flu outbreaks can be significant, especially given international trade restrictions. Controlling avian flu in poultry is seen as the best way to prevent a human pandemic from developing, by reducing the number of animal hosts in which the virus may evolve. This report mainly covers avian flu in poultry, and will be updated. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8895/
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818026/
Federal White-Collar Pay: FY2006 and FY2007 Salary Adjustments
This report discusses pay adjustments for federal white-collar employees which are paid under the General Schedule (GS), Foreign Service Schedule, and Veterans Health Administration Schedule are intended by law to receive an annual pay adjustment and a locality-based comparability payment, effective in January of each year, under Section 529 of P.L. 101-509, the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act (FEPCA) of 1990. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7938/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818438/
The Homeless Management Information System
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7973/
Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812162/
The Tax Deduction for Classroom Expenses of Elementary and Secondary School Teachers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818864/
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8638/
Welfare Reauthorization: A Side-By-Side Comparison of Current Law, Senate Committee-Approved and House Budget Reconciliation Bill Provisions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7937/
Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References
The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report summarizes legal and political events related to active sonar and marine mammals since 1994. This report summarizes some of the more significant recent events pertaining to active military sonar, in particular. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8633/
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
This report discusses the increasing attention being paid to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles, the proponents of which point to their potential to improve urban air quality, decrease dependence on foreign oil, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report also discusses the major barriers currently preventing widespread use of such technologies, and discusses these technologies in the particular contexts of the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes and the Energy Policy Act of 2005. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc824557/
Budget Reconciliation Legislation in 2005
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815329/
Energy and Mineral Issues in the FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Bill
Several resource issues that are designed to generate revenue for the federal Treasury have been proposed for the FY2006 budget reconciliation bill. The most controversial of these provisions recommended by the House Resources Committee and Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee would open part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for oil and gas development. The House panel also approved a provision that would allow coastal states to “opt out” of the current offshore oil and gas development moratoria, increase fees for hardrock mining and patents, dispose of certain federal lands, and begin an oil shale and tar sands leasing program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10130/
Forestry in the Farm Bill
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7974/
Forestry in the Farm Bill
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806732/