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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues (and costs) for Congress concerning the U.S. Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: Report containing the information regarding the Navy's Ohio replacement program, including its budget and Congressional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Imported Automobiles in the United States: Their Rising Market Share and the Macroeconomic Impact of a Proposed Import Restriction

Date: September 15, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Elwell, Craig
Description: After two generations of almost unchallenged supremacy, the U.S. auto industry has recently faced plummeting sales, rising competition from imports, and mounting requirements for capital investment and structural change. This has resulted in massive spilling of red ink in the industry's profit and loss columns, further financial pressures on the ailing Chrysler Corporation, layoffs of nearly 250,000 workers (as of August 4, 1980 in the automotive industry alone according to the United Auto Workers Union) and soaring claims for unemployment compensation and trade adjustment assistance. This study focuses on import competition in the auto industry and the economic impact of proposals to limit such competition through either import quotas or agreements with foreign governments (Japan) to restrict automotive exports to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Date: May 11, 1982
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: There appears to be a growing controversy concerning whether a state has the authority to prevent the federal government from disposing of nuclear wastes within it and transporting nuclear wastes through it. Several states have statutes purporting to veto the federal government's action in these areas. This report investigates whether these state statutes may be unconstitutional and preempted by federal statutes and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

Date: July 13, 1983
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: This report reviews the economics of joint ventures by focusing on their implication for market competition. It also reviews the legislative history of mergers and joint ventures with special emphasis on aspects of the law that are directed at reducing market concentration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FTC's Used Car Rule

The FTC's Used Car Rule

Date: October 14, 1983
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) used car rule, which aims to prevent and discourage oral misrepresentations and deceptive omissions of material facts by those selling used cars concerning warranty coverage and mechanical condition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: March 6, 1998
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), programs which are continuing to operate on the basis of limited interim financing enacted in the closing moments of the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: This report is a guide to of the original (DOT and Related Agencies) appropriations bill for FY1999. The report summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Graney, Paul J
Description: This report discusses the proposal to assist affected workers in the airlines and related industries in the aftermath of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that shut down the nation’s air transport system temporarily.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Date: October 15, 2001
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F
Description: This report discusses the scope and nature of the vulnerability of hazardous materials (hazmats) transportation and its potential relations to terrorists attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: February 20, 2003
Creator: Peterman, D. R.
Description: This report discusses a number of issues connected with Amtrak that Congress may consider. Amtrak does not earn enough revenue, or receive enough assistance, to cover its operating costs and capital needs. As a result, Amtrak is regularly on the verge of insolvency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transit Program Reauthorization in the 108th Congress

Transit Program Reauthorization in the 108th Congress

Date: April 16, 2003
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discusses the re authorization of transit programs funded by the Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Finance: RABA’s Double-edged Sword

Highway Finance: RABA’s Double-edged Sword

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Fischer, John W.
Description: This report discusses a possible reduction in federal highway program spending. Congress has chosen to overrule provisions of law that would have reduced the FY2003 spending level to $23.2 billion, and has instead settled on $31.8 billion, the same as the FY2002 level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Highway Research, Development and Technology Deployment Program and Reauthorization Legislation

Federal Highway Research, Development and Technology Deployment Program and Reauthorization Legislation

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F.
Description: Debate over the future of federal support for highway research and development (RD) and technology deployment (TD) is part of the broader debate over reauthorization of federal policy regarding highway and transit programs. This report discusses the scope and nature of the RD and TD program of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and surveys issues associated with its reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: February 26, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses significant legislative provisions in the two principal bills that are likely to be the subject of congressional discussion in the coming weeks and months to reauthorize federal highway, highway safety, and transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation: Reauthorization of TEA-21

Surface Transportation: Reauthorization of TEA-21

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Fischer, John W.
Description: This report briefly examines the debate regarding spending levels to reauthorize federal highway, highway safety, and transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Frittelli, John f
Description: This report examines the grain-handling system and the infrastructure that supports it. The first part of the report briefly identifies transportation funding issues before Congress that are particularly relevant to grain shippers. The report then describes how grain is delivered to market, including long-term trends taking place and the underlying reasons for those trends. The final part identifies some of the implications these trends have for targeting future investment in the grain-handling system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: This report discusses options for airline passenger explosives trace detection, ongoing federal R&D efforts and pilot equipment deployments, and policy issues related to the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458). The legislation directs the Department of Homeland Security to place high priority on developing and deploying equipment for passenger explosives screening; requires TSA to submit a strategic plan for deploying such equipment; and authorizes additional research funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Detection of Explosives on Airline Passengers: Recommendation of the 9/11 Commission and Related Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) directs the Department of Homeland Security to place high priority on developing and deploying equipment for passenger explosives screening; requires TSA to submit a strategic plan for deploying such equipment; and authorizes additional research funding. It also requires that passengers who are selected for additional screening be screened for explosives, as an interim measure until all passengers can be screened for explosives. Congressional interest in this topic continues in the 109th Congress. This report discusses the current state of passenger explosives trace detection, ongoing federal R&D efforts and pilot equipment deployments, and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Homeland Security: Protecting Airliners from Terrorist Missiles

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher; Feickert, Andrew & Elias, Bartholomew
Description: Recent events have focused attention on the threat that terrorists with shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), referred to as Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS), pose to commercial airliners. This report discusses SAMs and examines options for mitigating missile threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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