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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions
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Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics
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Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics
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Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation
Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9072/
Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987
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Trends in Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World by Major Supplier, 1980-1987
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U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?
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Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness
Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5/
Commercial Relations with the Soviet Union: Prospects for a Common United States Japanese Policy
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Japan: Resale Price Maintenance
Resale price maintenance occurs when manufacturers control the prices charged by wholesalers or retailers of their products. In Japan, such activities are prohibited, although certain exemptions are allowed. The U.S. concern over the practice is that it could allow Japanese firms to generate a secure profit base in their home market in order to finance aggressive price competition abroad. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6/
Japanese Companies and Technology: Lessons to Learn?
American companies are facing increased competitive pressures from foreign firms. Many observers feel that U.S. firms lag behind their foreign competitors in the development, application, and marketing of new technologies and techniques. The Japanese industrial enterprise is characterized by a large proportion of private sector financing and many other factors, which this report analyzes at length. The question being debated by Congress is whether or not U.S. government programs and policies are an acceptable and effective means of supporting the efforts of American industries to operate in a manner consistent with success in world markets. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7/
Japan-U.S. Trade: A Chronology of Major Events, 1980-1990
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Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking
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Japan-U.S. Trade and Economic Relations: Bibliography-In-Brief, 1990-1991
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Japan-U.S. Trade U.S. Exports of Negotiated Products, 1985-1990
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The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement
The European Community (EC) and Japan reached an agreement on trade in automobiles in July 1991. The agreement restricts exports of automobiles from Japan to the EC to 1.23 million cars per year until the end of 1999. The Commission of the European Communities estimates that Japanese transplant production in the EC will amount to 1.2 million cars per year in 1999. The Japanese appear to concur with this estimate but do not agree that it constitutes a cap on transplant investment or production. Whether the agreement covers the export of U.S.-built Japanese transplants to the EC is unclear. If the agreement covers, or has the effect of discouraging, such exports, it would be a cause for concern for U.S. policymakers. U.S. trade officials have reportedly discussed the issue with Japanese counterparts. It is unknown whether U.S. concerns have been addressed to European Community (EC) officials. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs40/
Japan and an East Asian Trading Bloc
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Congress and Trade Policy Toward Japan
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The U.S.-EC Japan Trade Triangle
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Japan-Taiwan Economic Relations: Implications for the U.S.
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Commercial Relations with Russia: Prospects for a Common United States-Japanese Policy
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Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References
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Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References
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H.R. 5100: Major Trade Legislation of the 102d Congress
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Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?
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Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?
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Japan-U.S. Trade: The Structural Impediments Initiative
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U.S.-Japanese Trade: The Semiconductor Arrangement
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China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports
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Trade, Competitiveness, and International Economic Policy: A Bibliography of CRS Products
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Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?
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Asia's Reaction to NAFTA
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The Trade and Development Agency
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The Japan-United States Framework for Trade Negotiations
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Restricting Softwood Log Exports: Policy and Legal Implications
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Japan's Import Protection: Quantitative Measures and Effects on U.S. Exports
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Japan-U.S. Trade: Results of Trade Negotiations
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Japan's Global Trade Surplus: Its Nature and Significance
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Japan-U.S. Trade: The Construction Services Issue
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NAFTA: A Broad Economic Perspective
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APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Free Trade and Other Issues
As a result of an initiative by Australia in 1989, the United States joined with eleven other Asia/Pacific nations in creating APEC, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation organization. This report discusses the annual Ministerial Meeting of APEC in Seattle, held from November 17 - 19, 1993. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs83/
Japan and NAFTA
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Japan-U.S. Trade: Results of Trade Negotiations - An Issue Overview
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Trade Issues in the 103rd Congress
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Most-Favored-Nation Status Policy of the United States
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Japan's Keiretsu: Industrial Groups as Trade Barriers
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China: Current U.S. Sanctions
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A Reappraisal of Foreign Investment Policy
The rise of the multinational corporation and the increased flow of capital across national borders have raised anew the question of how to treat foreign direct investment, both inward and outward. The U.S. government and, increasingly, other governments advocate that, with some exceptions, economic policies should be neutral in the treatment of investment, foreign and domestic, inward and outward. This report discusses the changing view of foreign investment, both nationally and internationally. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs140/
Trade and Environment: Treatment in Recent Agreements--GATT and NAFTA
This report reviews some of the concerns surrounding the environment work program and other environmental issues. It briefly describes work underway in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and current thinking underlying development of U.S. positions on trade and the environment in the GATT. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26036/
Fair Trade in Financial Services: Legislation and the GATT
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