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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Biosphere Reserves and the U.S. MAB Program
Since 1972, the United States has participated in the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB), coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In addition to the American Land Sovereignty Protection Act this report also discusses the legislation that would affect U.S. participation in the World Heritage Convention, under which World Heritage sites are recognized, and which include some of the sites recognized as biosphere reserves digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1013/
Natural Resources: Assessing Nonmarket Values through Contingent Valuation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1010/
The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs853/
The Mining Law Millsite Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1011/
The Pacific Salmon Treaty: The 1999 Agreement in Historical Perspective
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs852/
Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout: Management Under the Endangered Species Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs851/
The President's Forest/Roadless Area Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1014/
The Weatherization Assistance Program: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10007/
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1274/
Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt
This report discusses new regulations on livestock grazing on lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management became effective August 21, 1995. Many aspects of the new regulations were challenged in Public Lands Council v. Babbitt. A federal district court upheld many of the regulations, but struck down four of them and enjoined their implementation. At the appellate level, only the new regulation allowing conservation use to the exclusion of livestock grazing for the full term of a permit was held invalid. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear the case and argument has been set for March 1, 2000. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1065/
The Administration's Lands Legacy Initiative in the FY2001 Budget Proposal - A Fact Sheet
The fact sheet compares the FY2001 funding request for the Administration's Lands Legacy Initiative to the FY2000 request and the enacted FY2000 appropriation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1275/
Forest Service Accountability in Administering Its Trust Funds
The USDA Forest Service has numerous permanently appropriated trust funds and special funds that provide substantial funding independent of the annual appropriations process. Critics have alleged abuse of the funds and have sought greater congressional oversight, and the General Accounting Office has testified on the agency’s management of some of these accounts. While the Administration has offered few responses to the criticisms of these funds, it has, in its FY2001 budget request, proposed creating two new trust funds and combining several existing funds into a new fund with expanded purposes. This report provides an overview of the permanently appropriated Forest Service accounts and concerns over their use and proposed alternative structures that could provide greater public and congressional oversight and control over permanently appropriated funds. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822454/
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2001 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1276/
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview
The Biosafety Protocol to the 1992 Convention on biological Diversity, adopted in early 2000, addresses the safe handling, transfer, and trade of biological organisms. The Protocol sets forth procedures and rules concerning trade in biological products, including genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have engendered controversy, especially when they are used as agricultural crops. These rules are of key importance to U.S. economic interests in agriculture as well as those dealing in other genetically modified organisms. This report provides a brief summary of the key provisions of the Protocol and the major issues associated with them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1271/
The National Forest Roadless Area Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1272/
Timber Harvesting and Forest Fires - Memorandum
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1277/
Soil and Water Conservation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1058/
NASA's Earth Science Enterprise
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1216/
Endangered Species: Continuing Controversy
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) has been one of the most controversial of all environmental laws. Undoubtedly, the controversy stems from the strict substantive provisions of this law compared to many other environmental laws which tend to be more procedurally oriented or to permit greater administrative discretion. As a result of the ESA’s standards, the Act often plays a role in disputes in which all sides agree that a given species is not the center of the debate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1072/
Forest Fire Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1273/
The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides for the listing and protection of species that are found to be “endangered” or “threatened” – species that might become extinct. The listing of a species as endangered triggers the prohibitions in the Act against “taking” (killing or harming) individuals of the protected species, unless a permit is obtained to take individuals incidental to an otherwise lawful proposed action, or an exemption for the proposed action is obtained. Unauthorized taking of a listed species can result in civil or criminal penalties. These prohibitions and potential penalties can affect various activities, including development and use of land, with attendant economic impacts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1406/
Biosafety Protocol for Genetically Modified Organisms: Overview
This report presents a background on Biosafety Protocol for genetically modified organisms and an overview of Biosafety Protocol negotiations, key provisions and related issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1886/
Soil and Water Conservation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1372/
Forest Ecosystem Health: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1888/
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resource Management
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1889/
South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2048/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1885/
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1887/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1883/
Stewardship Contracting for the National Forests
This report discusses the advantages and limitations of proposed approaches to stewardship contracting to reduce threats to national forests exacerbated by unnaturally high amounts of biomass. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc847768/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1884/
Soil and Water Conservation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1373/
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices
This report discusses issues debated in the 108th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1403/
The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) is one of the largest energy conservation programs in the nation. The DOE program is implemented in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Native American Tribes. It weatherizes an average of 70,000 dwellings per year. The program strives to increase the energy efficiency of dwellings occupied by low-income persons in order to reduce their energy consumption and lower their fuel bills. It targets vulnerable groups including the elderly, people with disabilities, and families with children. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1678/
The National Forest System Roadless Areas Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3291/
South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3620/
Soil and Water Conservation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2099/
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events
This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2214/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3275/
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices
This report discusses issues debated in the 107th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2143/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3281/
Lumber Imports from Canada: Issues and Events
This report provides a concise historical account of the dispute, summarizes the subsidy and injury evidence, and discusses the current issues and events regarding lumber imports from Canada. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2215/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3276/
Soil and Water Conservation Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2100/
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3293/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3287/
Public (BLM) Lands and National Forests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3282/
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices
This report discusses issues debated in the 107th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2144/
Protecting Natural Resources and Managing Growth: Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3277/
Endangered Species: Difficult Choices
This report discusses issues debated in the 107th Congress while is considering various proposals to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA). Major issues in recent years have included changing the role of science in decision-making, changing the role of critical habitat, reducing conflicts with Department of Defense activities, incorporating further protection for property owners, and increasing protection of listed species, among others. In addition, many have advocated including significant changes to ESA regulations made during the Clinton Administration in the law itself. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2145/