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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1049/
Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress
Among the civil service retirement issues addressed in bills introduced thus far in the 106th Congress are the correction of retirement coverage errors for federal employees assigned to the wrong retirement system; immediate eligibility for federal employees to participate in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP); improved portability of pension benefits; and repeal of the temporary increase in employee retirement contributions that was mandated by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Other bills would expand TSP eligibility to include members of the armed services; improve pension coverage for temporary and part-time federal employees; and designate several categories of federal employees as law enforcement officers for purposes of determining their retirement benefits. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1241/
The Minimum Wage: An Overview of Issues Before the 106th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1264/
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1118/
The Use of Labor Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Legal Analysis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1263/
Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1204/
The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1262/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1824/
Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:
In Wright v. Universal Maritime Service Corp., the U.S. Supreme Court found that a mandatory arbitration clause in a collective bargaining agreement was not enforceable because it failed to specify arbitration as the covered employees' sole method of obtaining relief for their statutory claims. Without such explicit language in the agreement, the union could not have made a "clear and unmistakable waiver" of the employees' rights to a judicial forum. Although the Court identified a "clear and unmistakable waiver" standard for determining whether a mandatory arbitration agreement could be enforced, it refrained from deciding whether a union could actually bargain for such a waiver digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1850/
Is Globalization the Force Behind Recent Poor U.S. Wage Performance?: An Analysis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1992/
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1851/
Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1697/
Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1802/
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1988/
Minimum Wage and Related Issues Before the 106th Congress: A Status Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1853/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1381/
Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1854/
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1872/
Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1855/
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1849/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1825/
An Information Technology Labor Shortage? Legislation in the 106th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1974/
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6517/
Employer Liability Provisions in Selected Patient Protection Bills
In the various patient protection bills introduced in the 106th (H.R. 5628, S.Amdt. 3694, H.R. 2990) and to date in the 107th (H.R. 526, H.R. 2315, H.R. 2563, S. 889, S. 1052), Congress has attempted to address the issue of employer liability by limiting liability to certain persons or circumstances. This report provides an overview of the employer liability provisions of selected bills from the 106th and 107th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1856/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1382/
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1378/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1852/
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1989/
Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8179/
Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7571/
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1921/
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1361/
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1990/
Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2030/
COLAs for Military Retirees: Summary of Congressional and Executive Branch Action, 1982-2001 (FY1983-FY2002)
The Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1982 (which applied to FY1983 budget issues) suspended previously existing permanent law pertaining to cost-of-living adjustments(COLAs) for federal civilian and military retirees, and changed the COLA calculation formulas to postpone and/or reduce future COLAs for military retirees during 1983-1985 (FY1984-FY1986).This report examines executive and congressional COLA-related initiatives associated with each of the fiscal year budgeting processes from calendar year 1982 (FY1983) through calendar year 2000 (FY2001). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3221/
Social Security: Coverage of Household Workers - A Fact Sheet
On October 22, 1994, President Clinton signed legislation (P.L. 103-387) that changes social security coverage of household workers. The new law changed the threshold to a yearly amount and raised it (to $1,000 in 1994, indexed thereafter to average wage growth-it became $1,100 in 1998, 1,200 in 2000, and 1,300 in 2001). It remains at $1,300 in 2002. In addition, the new law exempted most domestic workers under age 18, and provided that Social Security and unemployment taxes will be reported on the employer's annual federal tax return. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26035/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3224/
Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3112/
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3506/
Appropriations for FY2002: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Subcommittees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2736/
Appropriations for FY2002: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Subcommittees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2737/
The Enron Bankruptcy and Employer Stock in Retirement Plans
This report describes the current laws governing the holding of employer stock in employee retirement plans and summarizes some key policy questions that pension analysts have raised about holding such stock in defined contribution retirement plans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2829/
Vietnam's Labor Rights Regime: An Assessment
Report regarding Vietnam that gives context to a bilateral trade agreement under consideration by the U.S. Congress. From the summary: "This report details Vietnam's law and policy in six areas of labor rights: the right of association/collective bargaining; forced labor; child labor; health and safety; wages, hours and welfare benefits; and discrimination. This report also provides international context by contrasting the Vietnamese and Chinese labor rights regimes." Includes an appendix of Vietnamese labor laws (p. 37) digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3540/
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2376/
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) provides assistance to previously employed or self- employed individuals rendered unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular federal/state unemployment insurance (UI). DUA is federally funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but is administered by the state UI agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3234/
Temporary Programs to Extend Unemployment Compensation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3225/
Employer Stock in Retirement Plans: Bills in the 107th Congress
In the wake of the bankruptcy of Enron Corporation, numerous bills have been introduced in the 107th Congress with the intent of protecting workers from the financial losses that employees risk when they invest a large proportion of their retirement savings in securities issued by their employers. Legislative proposals include some that would directly regulate the proportion of employees’ retirement savings that can be comprised of employer securities, and others that would encourage education of employees on financial matters without imposing a cap on employee investment in employer securities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2817/
Terrorism: The New Occupational Hazard
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3229/
Flexible Spending Accounts and Medical Savings Accounts: A Comparison
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3128/
Unemployment Benefits: Legislative Issues in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3217/
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