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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Bockman, Johanna
Description: This report discusses the Oil For Food Program (OFFP) has alleviated some of the worst effects of the 1991 Gulf-War international sanctions regime. While some improvements have been seen in nutrition, health services, water supply and sanitation, there is greater dependence on government services, and observers of the Iraq situation have identified disturbing health and nutrition problems affecting the civilian population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Since armed rebels seized control of Haiti’s fourth largest city, Gonaives, on February 5, 2004, and protests calling for President Aristide’s resignation culminated in his departure on February 29, there has been increasing concern about a looming humanitarian crisis in Haiti. With events on the ground constantly shifting and an increasing lack of security, assessments of the humanitarian situation remain fluid and subject to change. This report covers recent developments and the humanitarian response to the crisis by the United States and other international actors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992. Focusing on tensions in the political and legislative system, it delineates congressional achievements — chief of which was the Freedom Support Act. The legislation that was ultimately produced became the basis on which future debate would be conducted regarding how the United States could continue to influence events in the former Soviet Union and assist its transition to an open market economy and democratic institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the former Soviet Union and then focuses on the foreign operations FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Partnership Initiative: An Overview

The Middle East Partnership Initiative: An Overview

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report examines the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI), which is a program designed to promote political, economic, and educational development in the Middle East. This report provides an overview of the MEPI program, its perception in the Middle East, and its role in the debate over U.S. efforts to promote democracy in the Arab world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: This report discusses the funding the of international programs to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses international assistance strategy, known as the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), to address Haiti’s short-term needs between the collapse of the government of President Jean- Bertrand Aristide in February 2004 and the initial phase of a new government scheduled to be inaugurated in February 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report briefly discusses appropriations for international HIV/AIDS programs. FY2006 Appropriations for Foreign Operations (P.L. 109-102), Labor/HHS/Education (H.Rept. 109-300), Defense, and Agriculture (P.L. 109-97) provide more than $3.4 billion for international HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria initiatives. The largest portion of the funds is provided through P.L. 109-102, which directs more than $2.8 billion to fighting the three diseases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: March 16, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $28 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millenium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Millenium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Date: June 2, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to rehabilitate economic infrastructure and introduce representative government to post-war Iraq, among other objectives. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: June 26, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $28 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millenium Challenge Account

Millenium Challenge Account

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millenium Challenge Account

Millenium Challenge Account

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: This report provides an annotated list of U.N. agencies that are involved in Iraq, key U.S. government agencies, and a sample list of major international and U.S.-based aid organizations that are providing humanitarian assistance to Iraq. Internet links to the U.N. agencies and humanitarian aid organizations are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: April 26, 2007
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issue in Africa and the Bush administration's call to increase U.S. international funding for AIDS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: June 11, 2007
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Date: July 6, 2007
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides information on Africa Command's (AFRICOM) mission, structure, interagency coordination, and its basing and manpower requirements. The report also gives a broad overview of U.S. strategic interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the continent as they pertain to the creation of Africa Command.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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